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UNESCO’ multidisciplinary approach to develop adaptation strategies
UNESCO’ multidisciplinary approach to develop adaptation strategies
UNESCO’ multidisciplinary approach to develop adaptation strategies
UNESCO’ multidisciplinary approach to develop adaptation strategies
UNESCO’ multidisciplinary approach to develop adaptation strategies
UNESCO’ multidisciplinary approach to develop adaptation strategies
UNESCO’ multidisciplinary approach to develop adaptation strategies
UNESCO’ multidisciplinary approach to develop adaptation strategies
UNESCO’ multidisciplinary approach to develop adaptation strategies
UNESCO’ multidisciplinary approach to develop adaptation strategies
UNESCO’ multidisciplinary approach to develop adaptation strategies
UNESCO’ multidisciplinary approach to develop adaptation strategies
UNESCO’ multidisciplinary approach to develop adaptation strategies
UNESCO’ multidisciplinary approach to develop adaptation strategies
UNESCO’ multidisciplinary approach to develop adaptation strategies
UNESCO’ multidisciplinary approach to develop adaptation strategies
UNESCO’ multidisciplinary approach to develop adaptation strategies
UNESCO’ multidisciplinary approach to develop adaptation strategies
UNESCO’ multidisciplinary approach to develop adaptation strategies
UNESCO’ multidisciplinary approach to develop adaptation strategies
UNESCO’ multidisciplinary approach to develop adaptation strategies
UNESCO’ multidisciplinary approach to develop adaptation strategies
UNESCO’ multidisciplinary approach to develop adaptation strategies
UNESCO’ multidisciplinary approach to develop adaptation strategies
UNESCO’ multidisciplinary approach to develop adaptation strategies
UNESCO’ multidisciplinary approach to develop adaptation strategies
UNESCO’ multidisciplinary approach to develop adaptation strategies
UNESCO’ multidisciplinary approach to develop adaptation strategies
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UNESCO’ multidisciplinary approach to develop adaptation strategies

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  • 1. UNESCO’ multidisciplinary approach to develop adaptation strategies: The impact of glacier retreat in the Andes: International Multidisciplinary Network for Adaptation Strategies Siegfried Demuth International Hydrological Programme Hydrological Systems and Global Change Section UNESCO, Paris
  • 2. How will Climate effect water Availability? Can we predict the future changes which are responsive to “user” needs?
  • 3. Wallling 2008
  • 4. Human activity has increased dramatically over the last 60 years Steffen et al. (2004) Wagener et al (2010) Human activity now rivals geologic‐scale forces [Kieffer, 2009], with a footprint that is deepening and widening rapidly across the planet
  • 5. Changing Glaciers Impacts Who cares? 1. landscape tourism, safety 2. culture/spirituality mountain societies 3. regional water availability systems downriver 4. global sea level costal societies/infrastructures 5. climate indicators (instruments) science → society Georg Kaser, 2011
  • 6. Strengthening global water initiatives to Sustain world water governance The IHP oval is in bold for readability only, since it overlaps with so many other initiatives. The acronyms identify various global water initiatives, and their placement is a schematic attempt to situate them according to their primary institutional aims. By: Varady, Robert G., Katherine Meehan, John Rodda, Matthew Iles-Shih, and Emily McGovern (2008)
  • 7. UNESCO’S Intergovernmental Scientific Cooperative Programme in Hydrology and Water Resources The International Hydrological Programme (IHP) is the only Intergovernmental programme of the UN system devoted to water research, water resources management, and education and capacity building. The programme, tailored to Member State’s needs, is implemented in six- year phases- allowing it to adapt to a rapidly changing world.
  • 8. Water dependencies: Systems under Stress and Societal Response
  • 9. Water at UNESCO: "The three plus one pillars" • International Hydrological Programme- IHP IHP Secretariat : Paris+ Field Offices + Regional settings National Committees in member states - 161 UN World Water Assessment Programme: periodical compilation of the World Water Development Report (WWDR) four issues (2003, 2006, 2009, 2012) Network of 26+ (more in the pipeline) IHP Water Centers UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education: Postgraduate education for water professionals (Delft, The Netherlands)
  • 10. IHP VIII (2014-2021)“Water Security: Responses to Local, Regional, and Global Challenges” Water-related Disasters and Hydrological Change Groundwater in a Changing Environment Addressing Water Scarcity and Quality Water and Human Settlements of the Future Ecohydrology, Engineering Harmony for a Sustainable World Water Education, Key for Water Security Water Security: Responses to Local, Regional, and Global Challenges
  • 11. IHP initiative: Assessment of Snow, Glacier and Water Resources
  • 12. T h e n e e d f o r a w o r l d w i d e inventory of existing perennial ice and snow masses was first c o n s i d e r e d d u r i n g t h e International Hydrological Decade (1965- 1974) declared by UNESCO
  • 13. • Which of the river systems are most affected by snow- and glacier-melt contributions to streamflow? • Will the relative importance of snow and glacier melt compared to rainfall change with global warming? • How many people within each river basin will be affected by changes to river regimes and to what extent will their lives and livelihoods be affected?
  • 14. Series of Workshop and meetings undertaken within the framework of Working Group on Snow, Ice and Glaciers (GTNH)-LAC
  • 15. Regional Workshop: Melting snow and glaciers in the Andes: Science, technology and policy for adaptation to cope with complexity in the context of climate change 12-15 September 2011, Santiago, Chile
  • 16. Inception workshop The Impact of Glacier Retreat in the Andes: International Multidisciplinary Network for Adaptation Strategies Lima , Peru 29-30, May 2012
  • 17. 28-30 November 2006, Almaty Kazakhstan Regional Workshop: Assessment of Snow-Glacier and Water Resources in Asia
  • 18. The Impact of Glacier Retreat in the Andes: International Multidisciplinary Network for Adaptation Strategies 2012-2015
  • 19. Objectives • Reduce uncertainty through downscaling and customizing global climate change scenarios and to assess water availability and demand scenarios for the Andean region (Case studies); • Raise awareness and enhance capacities to assess, monitor and communicate the impacts of and responses to climate change on natural and socio-economic environments at local, national and regional levels; • Develop strategies and policy guidelines considering vulnerabilities, opportunities and potentials for adaptation, with particular reference to strengthening the role of local communities; • Facilitate and strengthen ongoing research activities in the region; • Develop education and training activities
  • 20. Group A: Climate impact assessment: snow, glacier, and water resources • training workshop on climate trend analysis and downscaling of climate scenarios and; • field course on glacier monitoring and mass balance.
  • 21. Group B: Vulnerability assessment • Environmental and non-environmental drivers of vulnerability; • key determinants of vulnerability and challenges for adaptive capacity; • identification of land use changes and socio- economic conditions as a result of climate change; • Identification of most vulnerable communities and groups.
  • 22. Group C: Policy assessment Review current and future national adaptation strategies and their relevance to community level; Policy impact analysis and policy changes. Constraints for policy implementation Opportunities for policies at the national and regional levels
  • 23. IHP coordinated programme UNESCO’s global programme “Climate Change Impacts in Major Mountainous Regions of the World: Multidisciplinary Network for Adaptation Strategies (Africa, Asia, Latin America, and Europe)”
  • 24. Objectives • to enhanced resilience to global change, particularly climate change, through improved understanding of vulnerabilities, opportunities and potentials for adaptation. • to develop strategies and policies based on scientific/evidence-based knowledge in major mountain regions of Africa, Asia, Europe and Latin America.
  • 25. • To raise awareness and strengthen human and institutional capacities to cope with climate change impacts and develop adaptation strategies for mountain regions; • To identify the most vulnerable communities and groups in selected study area; • To analyze conditions for a policy framework to support mountain communities to adapt to climate change and to develop best practise strategies.
  • 26. ACTIVITIES (2013) Regional workshops (2013) Regional workshops will be organized in Africa, Asia and Latin America involving glaciologists, hydrologists, water resources experts, mountain biosphere managers, representatives from Natural Heritage sites, policy-makers, social scientists, local stakeholders and experts from UNESCO’s International Hydrological Programme (IHP) and Man and the Biosphere (MAB) networks. Kathmandu, Nepal, March 2013 San Jose, Costa Rica August, 2013 Nairobi, Kenya- September , 2013 Paris, France- December, 2013
  • 27. Science policy workshop Impacts of Global Climate Change on Snow, Glaciers and Water Resources in the Andes: Policy recommendations for Adaptation Strategies Quito, Ecuador, 20-22 November 2013 Organized by: UNESCO, CONDESAN, ACCIÓN in partnership with: FAO Mountain Partnership Secretariat, Grupo de Trabajo de Nieve y Hielo (GTNH-IHP)

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