Nile Basin development challenge
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Nile Basin development challenge



Presentation of Alan Duncan, Nile Basin Leader, as part of the "Simposio Internacional: El Desafío del Agua y la Alimentación en el Mundo" organized by the National Authority of Water (ANA) in Peru ...

Presentation of Alan Duncan, Nile Basin Leader, as part of the "Simposio Internacional: El Desafío del Agua y la Alimentación en el Mundo" organized by the National Authority of Water (ANA) in Peru and the Consorcio para el Desarrollo Sostenible de la Ecorregión Andina (CONDESAN). June 3, 2013.



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Nile Basin development challenge Presentation Transcript

  • 1. NILE BASIN DEVELOPMENTCHALLENGEPresented at Stakeholder meeting in LimaJune 3, 2013Alan Duncan
  • 2. The Challenge: Improved rainwatermanagement• The Nile Basin Development Challenge(NBDC) Program aims to improve theresilience of rural livelihoods in the Ethiopianhighlands through a landscape approach torainwater management (RWM).• “Rainwater management” refers tointerventions to enable smallholder farmers tosustainably intensify agricultural productionthrough improved rainwater management.
  • 3. Context: The Ethiopian Highlands• Densely populated• High levels of poverty and food insecurity• Rudimentary infrastructure• Until recently declining per capita food production.
  • 4. The Water Tower of Africa• 85% of the flow in the NileBasin at Aswan Dam originatesfrom the Ethiopian Highlands
  • 5. Rapid land degradation
  • 6. Expansion of cultivation
  • 7. Cultivation of steep slopes
  • 8. Rainwater Management in theEthiopian Highlands: History• From the 1980s, a good understanding onthe effectiveness of different RWMtechnologies to sustainably intensifyproduction
  • 9. Bunds
  • 10. Check dams
  • 11. Gully rehabilitation
  • 12. Ponds
  • 13. But … difficult to translateknowledge into success onthe groundWhy?
  • 14. Why….?• Authoritarian top-down quota-drivenimplementation• Promotion of inappropriate technologies• Insufficient focus on improving productivity andlivelihoods and on creating incentives foradopting and maintaining the interventions.
  • 15. Government campaigns
  • 16. Destruction by farmers ofprevious interventions
  • 17. NBDC: An Emerging R4D SuccessStory• Field level• Innovation platforms• Participatory planning tools• Basin and landscape level• Nile Goblet tool• Policy level• National platform
  • 18. Innovation Platforms (IPs).Soil and waterconservationtechnologies
  • 19. Or...Why Innovation Platforms?
  • 20. Innovation PlatformsNBDCLocalResearchNGOPrivatesectorDistrictextensionDistrictwaterDistrictadminLeadfarmersNationalresearchCommCommComm
  • 21. Participatory planning andlearning tools – Wat-a-Game
  • 22. Nile Goblet ToolSuitabilitymapping ofrainwatermanagementstrategies
  • 23. National RWM StakeholderPlatform
  • 24. Emerging messages from NBDC• Local community empowerment andleadership based on demand, equity andinclusiveness;• Partnerships integrating and sharing local andscientific knowledge;• Emphasis on learning process by all parties ina linked manner;• Creating incentives and risk managementmechanisms for innovation and success;• Transforming the institutional and humancapacities of all stakeholders; and• Adapting and using new learning and planningtools.