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Nlg book review

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This is the reprint of my book review (originally published in NUJS L Rev) in the National Lawyers Guild Review, December 2010.

Published in: News & Politics
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Nlg book review

  1. 1. national lawyers guild review FDU :KHQ VKH DUULYHG WKH RI¿FHU JUDEEHG KHU DQG VWHUQO ZDUQHG KHU Andrew Novak WKDW SURVWLWXWHV ZHUH QRW WROHUDWHG LQ WKDW FRPPXQLW ANATOMY OF A DEATH PENALTY‡ $Q $IULFDQ $PHULFDQ PDOH 3K VWXGHQW ZDV VWRSSHG LQ :HVW /RV $Q- DEFENSE LAWYER: REFLECTIONS JHOHV DQG LQIRUPHG WKDW KH ZDV XQGHU LQYHVWLJDWLRQ IRU D VHULRXV IHORQ ON LEGAL REPRESENTATION AND EHFDXVH KH PHW WKH GHVFULSWLRQ RI WKH VXVSHFW $IWHU KH ZDV KDQGFXIIHG REFORM IN THREE BIOGRAPHIES KH FRPSODLQHG WKDW WKH FXIIV ZHUH WRR WLJKW DQG ZHUH KXUWLQJ KLP 7KH SROLFH RI¿FHU SURFHHGHG WR WLJKWHQ WKH KDQGFXIIV IXUWKHU EHIRUH UHOHDVLQJ The Autobiography Of An Execution. By David R. Dow. Twelve Books, KLP DERXW DQ KRXU ODWHU 2010. 273 pp.‡ , GURYH DQ $IULFDQ $PHULFDQ PDOH JUDGXDWH VWXGHQW KRPH IURP WKH 8/$ Angel Of Death Row: My Life As A Death Penalty Defense Lawyer. By FDPSXV WR KLV :HVW /RV $QJHOHV UHVLGHQFH DSSUR[LPDWHO PLOHV DZD Andrea Lyon. Kaplan Publishing, 2009. 265 pp. )RU WKH ODVW PLOHV RI WKDW MRXUQH D /RV $QJHOHV SROLFH RI¿FHU RQ D PRWRUFFOH IROORZHG XV FORVHO RFFDVLRQDOO SXOOLQJ GLUHFWO XS WR WKH The Last Lawyer: The Fight To Save Death Row Inmates. By John GULYHU¶V VLGH ZLQGRZ WR SHHU LQWR WKH FDU ,W RFFXUUHG WR ERWK P VWXGHQW Temple. University Press Of Mississippi, 2009. 234 pp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¿OH H[RQHUD-WDNHV XV LQ D XVHIXO GLUHFWLRQ 3ROLFH RI¿FHUV WKURXJKRXW WKH FRXQWU QHHG WLRQV WKH VXFFHVVHV RI ODZ VFKRRO FOLQLFV GHYRWHG WR LQQRFHQFH LVVXHV DQGWUDLQLQJ DQG UHWUDLQLQJ LQ RUGHU WR HOLPLQDWH RU UHGXFH DWWLWXGHV DERXW UDFH WKH SURPLVH RI VFLHQWL¿F DGYDQFHV LQ JDWKHULQJ HYLGHQFH KDYH UHYHDOHG WKDWWKDW PDQ WKHPVHOYHV PD QRW HYHQ UHFRJQL]H $ERYH DOO WKH PDMRULW KXQGUHGV RI HUURQHRXV GHDWK VHQWHQFHV ZHUH HUURQHRXVO LPSRVHG 6FKRODUVSRSXODWLRQ LQ $PHULFD QHHGV WR UHÀHFW IDU PRUH FRPSUHKHQVLYHO DERXW KDYH SRVLWHG WKH HUURU UDWH WR EH EHWZHHQ SHUFHQW DQG SHUFHQW 7KHLWV ODUJHO VXSHU¿FLDO DWWLWXGHV DERXW WKH SROLFH DQG UDFH ,W ZDV PXFK WRR KLJK ZURQJIXO FRQYLFWLRQ UDWH LV YDULRXVO DWWULEXWHG WR IDXOW IRUHQVLF VFL-HDV WR VLPSO FRQFOXGH WKDW 3URIHVVRU *DWHV VKRXOG KDYH SROLWHO FRPSOLHG HQFH SROLFH DQG SURVHFXWRULDO PLVFRQGXFW DQG LQDGHTXDWH GHIHQVH FRXQVHOZLWK 2I¿FHU URZOH¶V FRPPDQGV DQG WKHQ HYHUWKLQJ ZRXOG KDYH EHHQ 7KH DGHTXDF RI GHIHQVH FRXQVHO PD EH WKH PRVW LPSRUWDQW KRZHYHU DV¿QH $V WKLV ERRN SHUVXDVLYHO UHYHDOV WKDW LQFLGHQW ZDV DERXW PXFK PRUH D JRRG ODZHU FRXOG SUHYHQW WKH RWKHU SRWHQWLDO VKRUWFRPLQJV RI WKH GHDWKWKDQ 6NLS *DWHV SHQDOW SURFHVV 7KH DXWRELRJUDSKLHV RI 7H[DVEDVHG FDSLWDO GHIHQVH DWWRUQH DYLG RZ DQG KLV FRXQWHUSDUW $QGUHD /RQ RI ,OOLQRLV DORQJ ZLWK WKH ELRJUDSK RI 1RUWK DUROLQD FDSLWDO GHIHQGHU .HQ 5RVH E MRXUQDOLVW -RKQ 7HPSOH SURYLGH } } } } }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  9. 9. H[HFXWLQJ WKH LQQRFHQW )RU PRUH RQ WKH OHJDO UHSUHVHQWDWLRQ FULVLV ODWHU LQ WKH GHDWK SHQDOW DSSHDOV SURFHVV VHH 0LFKDHO 0HOOR Facing Death Alone: The Post-Conviction Attorney Crisis on (DFK RI WKH DWWRUQHV SRUWUDHG LQ WKH WKUHH ELRJUDSKLHV KDG WR UHSUHVHQW D Death Row AM. U. L. REV
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  11. 11. ³(YHQ lawyers ILQG³WKH EHVW GHIHQVH SRVVLEOH 7KDW ZDV P MRE DQG WKDW ZDV ZKDW KH GHVHUYHG FDSLWDO SRVWFRQYLFWLRQ WR EH DPRQJ WKH PRVW FRPSOH[ QXDQFHG DQG UDSLGO FKDQJ-ZKHWKHU KH ZDV JXLOW RU LQQRFHQW´ VKH ZURWH LQ RQH LQVWDQFH %XW LQ- LQJ OLWLJDWLRQ´ Id DW H[SODLQLQJ WKH LPSRUWDQFH RI DWWRUQHV WR FDSLWDO DSSHDOV
  12. 12. ³,QFRPSHWHQW KDEHDV FRUSXV UHSUHVHQWDWLRQ RFFXUV DOO WRR IUHTXHQWO LQ GHDWKSHQDOWQRFHQW FOLHQWV ZHUH VLPSO PRUH GLI¿FXOW WKDQ WKH JXLOW RQHV /RQ ZULWHV DSSHDOV´ HYHQ WKRXJK SRVWFRQYLFWLRQ SURFHHGLQJV DUH DIWHU WULDO WKH PRVW FRPPRQ³, GLVFRYHUHG WR P UDJH DQG GHVSDLU KRZ PDQ LQQRFHQW SHRSOH²PRUH DQG HIIHFWLYH PHDQV RI SUHYHQWLQJ LQMXVWLFH $QGUHZ +DPPHO Effective PerformanceWKDQ HYHQ , KDG LPDJLQHG²ZHUH OLYLQJ RQ GHDWK URZ´ 6KH FRQIHVVHG Guarantees for Capital State Post-Conviction Counsel: Cutting the Gordian Knot, J. APP. PRAC. PROCESS
  13. 13. WKDW WKH UHDOLWLHV VRPHWLPHV ZHLJKHG KHU GRZQ LQ D FORXG RI GHSUHVVLRQ 7KH OLWHUDWXUH RQ WKH FRUUHODWLRQV DPRQJ UDFH HFRQRPLF VWDQGLQJ DQG WKH LPSRVLWLRQ$OO WKUHH DWWRUQHV GHVFULEH WKH LQQRFHQFH RI D FOLHQW DV WKH KDUGHVW SDUW RI RI WKH GHDWK SHQDOW LV YROXPLQRXV See, e.g., DAVID COLE, NO EQUAL JUSTICE:WKHLU MRE DV D GHDWK URZ GHIHQGHU ³DPQ , KDWH LQQRFHQW FOLHQWV´ /RQ¶V RACE AND CLASS IN THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM
  14. 14. FLWLQJ WKH %DOGXVFROOHDJXH FRQIHVVHG WR KHU GXULQJ WKH GHIHQVH RI D FOLHQW LGHQWL¿HG DV -RVH VWXG WKH PRVW H[WHQVLYH UDFLDO EUHDNGRZQ RI GHDWK URZ LQPDWHV DQG WKH UDFH RI WKHLU6KH ZURWH WKDW ORVLQJ LV D UHDOLW RI D GHIHQVH DWWRUQH¶V FDUHHU WKH EXUGHQ YLFWLPV HYHU SHUIRUPHG DQDO]LQJ FDVHV
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  16. 16. IRXQG WKDW WKLV UDFLDOO GLVSDUDWH SDWWHUQ ZDV QRW LQKHUHQWO XQFRQVWLWXWLRQDO ZLWKRXW D VKRZLQJ RI GLVFULPLQDWRU SXUSRVH RU LQWHQW See also -RKQQRFHQW´ +LV FRQFOXVLRQ LV GDPQLQJ ³7KH JHW VHQWHQFHG WR GHDWK EHFDXVH %OXPH 7KHRGRUH (LVHQEHUJ 0DUWLQ 7 :HOOV Explaining Death Row’s PopulationWKH KDYH LQFRPSHWHQW RU XQGHUSDLG WULDO ODZHUV DQG EHFDXVH KXPDQ EH- and Racial Composition J. EMPIRICAL LEGAL STUD.
  17. 17. QRWLQJ EODFNLQJV PDNH PLVWDNHV´ 8SRQ ZLWQHVVLQJ WKH ¿UVW H[HFXWLRQ RI RQH RI KLV GHIHQGDQWV DFFXVHG RI PXUGHULQJ ZKLWH YLFWLPV DUH RYHUUHSUHVHQWHG RQ GHDWK URZ
  18. 18. FOLHQWV 5RVH DGPLWWHG WKDW QR PDWWHU KRZ KDUG KH ZRUNHG KRZ VRXQG KLV STANLEY COHEN, THE WRONG MEN: AMERICA’S EPIDEMIC OF WRONGFUL DEATHDUJXPHQW RU KRZ FRPSHOOLQJ KLV IDFWV KH FRXOG QRW JXDUDQWHH KLV FOLHQW¶V ROW CONVICTIONS [[L
  19. 19. OLIH LI KH JRW WKH ZURQJ MXGJH LQ WKH ZURQJ SROLWLFDO DWPRVSKHUH 2I DOO 5RQDOG +XII Wrongful Convictions: The American Experience CAN. J. CRIMINOLOGY CRIM. JUST.
  20. 20. 5RQDOG +XII Wrongful Conviction:WKH YDULDEOHV LQ D FDSLWDO FDVH IURP SROLFH DQG SURVHFXWRULDO GLVFUHWLRQ WR Causes and Public Policy Issues CRIM. JUST.
  21. 21. national lawyers guild review anatomy of a death penalty defense lawyer 0LFKDHO 5LVLQJHU Innocents Convicted: An Empirically Justified Factual Wrongful TEMPLE, supra QRWH DW Conviction Rate J. CRIM. L. CRIMINOLOGY
  22. 22. DOW, supra note DW 7KHVH WKUHH UHDVRQV DUH OLVWHG LQ -HDQ ROHPDQ %ODFNHUE 1RWH Life After Death Id DW Row: Preventing Wrongful Convictions and Restoring Innocence After Exoneration, VAND. L. REV.
  23. 23. 2WKHU IDFWRUV LQFOXGH HHZLWQHVV HUURU Id DW SOHD EDUJDLQLQJ FRPPXQLW SUHVVXUH IRU D FRQYLFWLRQ DQG DGPLVVLRQ RI FKDUDFWHU HYL- Id DW GHQFH DW WULDO 5RQDOG +XII $UH 5DWWQHU (GZDUG 6DJDULQ Guilty Until Proved Innocent: Wrongful Conviction and Public Policy CRIME DELINQUENCY TEMPLE, supra QRWH DW et seq
  24. 24. )DOVH FRQIHVVLRQV SDUWLFXODUO DPRQJ SHUVRQV ZLWK LQWHOOHFWXDO Id RU GHYHORSPHQWDO GLVDELOLWLHV PD DOVR EH D FDXVH See 3DXO * DVVHOO The Guilty LYON, supra QRWH DW and the “Innocent”: An Examination of Alleged Cases of Wrongful Conviction from False Confessions HARV. J. L. PUB. POL’Y
  25. 25. SURYLGLQJ D FULWLFDO Id. DW YLHZ RI WKHVH FDVHV EXW FRQFHGLQJ QRQHWKHOHVV WKDW VRPH H[LVW
  26. 26. TEMPLE, supra QRWH DW HIHQVH $WWRUQH %DUU 6FKHFN RI DUGR]R /DZ 6FKRRO¶V ,QQRFHQFH 3URMHFW PDGH See DOW, supra QRWH DW WKLV FRPPHQW GXULQJ KLV NHQRWH DGGUHVV DW $PHULFDQ %DU $VVRFLDWLRQ¶V 6L[WK $QQXDO 6XPPLW RQ ,QGLJHQW HIHQVH ,PSURYHPHQW LQ 2UODQGR )ORULGD )HE
  27. 27. DXWKRU¶V /RFDOLWVSHFLILF VWXGLHV VKRZ UHODWLYHO XQLIRUP UHVXOWV 0LFKDHO - 6RQJHU ,VDDF SHUVRQDO QRWHV
  28. 28. $FFRUGLQJ WR 6FKHFN LPSURYLQJ WKH OHJDO DLG UHJLPH IRU FULPLQDO 8QDK The Effect of Race, Gender, and Location on Prosecutorial Decisions to GHIHQGDQWV ZRXOG EH PXFK PRUH HIILFLHQW WKDQ EHWWHU IRUHQVLF HYLGHQFH SROLFH Seek the Death Penalty in South Carolina S.C. L. REV.
  29. 29. ³6RXWK RYHUVLJKW DQG RWKHU UHPHGLDO PHDVXUHV Id 7KH OHJDO VFKRODUVKLS WHQGV WR DJUHH DUROLQD PXUGHU GHIHQGDQWV UHFHLYH VVWHPDWLFDOO GLIIHUHQW WUHDWPHQW EDVHG RQ WKH ³$UELWUDU UHVXOWV ZKLFK DUH DOO WRR FRPPRQ LQ GHDWK SHQDOW FDVHV IUHTXHQWO VWHP JHRJUDSKLF ORFDWLRQ DQG WKH UDFH DQG JHQGHU RI WKH SDUWLHV LQYROYHG´
  30. 30. 6WHSKDQLH IURP LQDGHTXDF RI FRXQVHO´ %ULJKW supra QRWH DW +LQGVRQ +LOODU 3RWWHU 0LFKDHO - 5DGHOHW Race, Gender, Region and Death DAVID DOW, AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF AN EXECUTION
  31. 31. ANDREA LYON, ANGEL OF Sentencing in Colorado, 1980-1999 U. COLO. L. REV.
  32. 32. DEATH ROW: MY LIFE AS A DEATH PENALTY DEFENSE LAWYER
  33. 33. and JOHN QRWLQJ WKDW WKH GHDWK SHQDOW LV PRVW OLNHO WR EH VRXJKW LQ FDVHV ZKHUH WKH YLFWLP LV TEMPLE, THE LAST LAWYER: THE FIGHT TO SAVE DEATH ROW INMATES
  34. 34. ZKLWH DQG IHPDOH DQG GHIHQGDQWV ZKR NLOOHG D ZKLWH YLFWLP DUH WLPHV DV OLNHO WR UHFHLYH WKH GHDWK SHQDOW DV WKRVH ZKR NLOO D EODFN YLFWLP
  35. 35. But see MICHAEL MELLO, DEAD WRONG: A DEATH ROW LAWYER SPEAKS OUT AGAINST CAPITAL PUNISHMENT
  36. 36. 0HOOR ZDV DQ DSSHOODWH FDSLWDO GHIHQGHU LQ 0LFKDHO 0HDUV The Georgia Death Penalty: A Need for Racial Justice JOHN )ORULGD IRU RYHU D GHFDGH DQG OLNH WKH DXWKRUV VWXGLHG KHUH VSHDNV RI WKH LQMXVWLFHV MARSHALL L.J.
  37. 37. QRWLQJ WKDW XQIHWWHUHG SURVHFXWRULDO GLVFUHWLRQ FDQ FRQIURQWLQJ GHDWK URZ LQPDWHV LQ WKH SRVWFRQYLFWLRQ VWDJH RI WKH FULPLQDO SURFHVV OHDG WR UDFLDOO GLVFULPLQDWRU UHVXOWV
  38. 38. ,VDDF 8QDK Choosing Those Who Will Die: ,Q DGGLWLRQ D QXPEHU RI IRUPHU GHDWK URZ LQPDWHV ZURQJO DFFXVHG KDYH EHHQ The Effect of Race, Gender, and Law in Prosecutorial Decision to Seek the Death WKH VXEMHFWV RI ELRJUDSKLHV DQG DXWRELRJUDSKLHV See, e.g., JOHN HOLLOWAY Penalty in Durham County, North Carolina MICH. J. RACE L. RONALD M. GAUTHIER, KILLING TIME: AN 18-YEAR ODYSSEY FROM DEATH ROW
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  43. 43. JARVIS JAY LYON, supra QRWH DW MASTERS, THAT BIRD HAS MY WINGS: THE AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF AN INNOCENT MAN ON DEATH ROW
  44. 44. MICHAEL MELLO, THE WRONG MAN: A TRUE STORY OF Id DW INNOCENCE ON DEATH ROW
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  53. 53. national lawyers guild review anatomy of a death penalty defense lawyer ZKHQ VKH VKRXWHG RU RYHUZKHOPHG D ZLWQHVV LQ FRXUW ZLWK KHU SKVLFDO SUHVHQFH Id /LOLDQD /UD -XELOXW Death Penalty and Mental Illness: The Challenge of Reconciling DW Human Rights, Criminal Law, and Psychiatric Standards SEATTLE J. SOC. JUST. RQQD / +DOO Job Satisfaction Among Male and Female Public Defense Attorneys,
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  59. 59. DOW, supra QRWH DW :RPHQ VWDWLVWLFDOO FRPPLW IHZHU RIIHQVHV WKDQ PHQ EXW LW PD DOVR EH WUXH WKDW TEMPLE, supra QRWH DW ZRPHQ DUH VHOHFWHG RXW RI WKH GHDWK SHQDOW SRRO RI GHIHQGDQWV EHFDXVH RI VWUXF- DOW, supra QRWH DW tural bias at earlier stages in the process, such as in prosecutorial discretion and SOHDEDUJDLQLQJ $FFRUGLQJ WR RQH VWXG ZRPHQ DFFRXQW IRU SHUFHQW RI PXUGHU LYON, supra QRWH DW [L[ DUUHVWV SHUFHQW RI GHDWK VHQWHQFHV DQG RQO SHUFHQW RI H[HFXWLRQV +DUU Id *UHHQOHH 6KHOLD 3 *UHHQOHH Women and the Death Penalty: Racial Disparities 6KH RIWHQ GLG WKLV E SXWWLQJ WKH GHIHQGDQW¶V UHODWLYH RQ WKH VWDQG WR WHVWLI LYON, and Differences WM. MARY J. WOMEN L.
  60. 60. supra QRWH DW LYON, supra QRWH DW 7KH VHPLQDO FDVHV LQFOXGH Gideon v. Wainwright 86
  61. 61. IHORQ 0LFKDHO % 6KRUWQDF Sexual Minorities, Criminal Justice, and the Death Penalty, FDVHV
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  87. 87. /HH +DUULQJWRQ A Community Divided: Defense Attorneys and the Ethics of Death 1DWDVKD 0LQVNHU Prosecutorial Misconduct in Death Penalty Cases CAL. W. L. Row Volunteering LAW SOC. INQUIRY
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  91. 91. $P 6PLWK Not Waiving but Drowning: The Anatomy of Death Row Syndrome and LYON, supra QRWH DW Volunteering for Execution B.U. PUB. INT. L.J.
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