Urbanisation in Tripura


    Indraneel Bhowmik
      Reader in Economics
       Tripura University
Objective, Scope & Methodology
 Trace the process of urbanisation in Tripura.
 Explore the extent of urbanisation in Tripu...
District–wise Urban Population, Urban-rural ratio
& number of urban areas (UAs) in Tripura (2001)


                    To...
Number of urban areas in Tripura during 1901-2001

Year   Class I Class II Class III Class IV               Class V   Clas...
Population of Tripura by residence, 1901-2001



                3500000

                3000000

                2500000...
Growth rates of Urban & rural population of
             Tripura and the urban-rural differential.

             10       ...
Urban population and the number of urban
        areas in Tripura according to size class during
                         ...
Proportion
              Urban Bodies    Area     Population                            Density
                          ...
Density, Proportional Area & Proportional
                                Population of Urban Bodies of Tripura

         ...
Features of Urbanisation in Tripura

   Lopsided urbanisation with growth in the
   capital city and its suburbs- fragment...
The process of urbanisation would receive
             great fillip if –
  a] there is a redirection of investment to deve...
Thank You



For clarifications- eyebees@gmail.com




             Urbanisation in Tripura           12
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Urbanisation In Tripura

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Explores the present status of urbanisation in Tripura

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Urbanisation In Tripura

  1. 1. Urbanisation in Tripura Indraneel Bhowmik Reader in Economics Tripura University
  2. 2. Objective, Scope & Methodology Trace the process of urbanisation in Tripura. Explore the extent of urbanisation in Tripura Study the trends and volume of urbanisation in the state Analyse the urban morphology in the present context Map out the features of urbanisation Attempt to make policy suggestions. Secondary data sources- Census publications The standard mathematical estimations have been applied as and when required in the course of the study. Urbanisation in Tripura 2
  3. 3. District–wise Urban Population, Urban-rural ratio & number of urban areas (UAs) in Tripura (2001) Total Urban Urban: No. of District Population Population rural Urban ratio Areas West Tripura 1532982 467 27:73 13 South Tripura 767440 54167 7:93 4 Dhalai 307868 18867 6:94 3 North Tripura 590913 62669 11:89 3 Total 3199203 545750 17:83 23 Source: RGI (2001) Urbanisation in Tripura 3
  4. 4. Number of urban areas in Tripura during 1901-2001 Year Class I Class II Class III Class IV Class V Class VI Total 1901 1 1 1911 1 1 1921 1 1 1931 1 1 1941 1 1 1951 1 1 1961 1 1 4 6 1971 1 4 1 6 1981 1 1 4 2 2 10 1991 1 4 7 4 2 18 2001 1 6 9 7 23 Urbanisation in Tripura 4 Source: Various Census Reports
  5. 5. Population of Tripura by residence, 1901-2001 3500000 3000000 2500000 Total P opulation 2000000 Urban 1500000 1000000 500000 0 1901 1911 1921 1931 1941 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001 Census Urbanisation in Tripura 5 Source: Various Census Reports
  6. 6. Growth rates of Urban & rural population of Tripura and the urban-rural differential. 10 8 RGUP RGRP URD 7 9 8 6 7 5 4 D ifferen tials 6 3 G ro w th rates 5 2 4 1 3 0 2 -1 1 -2 0 -3 1901- 1911- 1921- 1931- 1941- 1951- 1961- 1971- 1981- 1991- 1911 1921 1931 1941 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001 Urbanisation in Tripura 6
  7. 7. Urban population and the number of urban areas in Tripura according to size class during 1901-2001 I II III IV V VI Total ` 1901 6415 6415 1911 6831 6831 1921 7743 7743 1931 9580 9580 1941 17693 17693 1951 42595 42595 1961 54878 13240 34879 102997 1971 264 52758 9338 162360 1981 132186 20806 52018 13530 7028 225568 1991 157358 116131 105782 33384 9066 421721 2001 189998 182234 125061 48457 545750 Source: Various Tripura Urbanisation in Census Reports 7
  8. 8. Proportion Urban Bodies Area Population Density Area Population Agartala MC 58.84 367822 47.67 64.91 6251.22 Dharmanagar NP 7.77 30785 6.30 5.43 3962.03 Area, Kailashahar NP 6.19 20279 5.02 3.58 3276.09 Population Kumarghat NP 3.5 11591 2.84 2.05 3311.71 and Kamalpur NP 10.16 10633 8.23 1.88 1046.56 Density of Khowai NP 5.82 20435 4.72 3.61 3511.17 Urban Teliamura NP 3.75 19606 3.04 3.46 5228.27 bodies of Ranirbazar NP 1.95 11878 1.58 2.10 6091.28 Tripura Sonamura NP 4.13 10335 3.35 1.82 2502.42 Udaipur NP 6.1 31023 4.94 5.47 5085.74 Amarpur NP 8.55 10863 6.93 1.92 1270.53 Sabroom NP 2.53 5766 2.05 1.02 2279.05 Belonia NP 4.13 15687 3.35 2.77 3798.31 Urban Tripura 123.42 566703 100 100 4591.66 Urbanisation in Tripura 8
  9. 9. Density, Proportional Area & Proportional Population of Urban Bodies of Tripura 70.00 7000.00 Area 60.00 6000.00 P roportion of the state Population D en sity (p er sq .km ) 50.00 Density 5000.00 40.00 4000.00 30.00 3000.00 20.00 2000.00 10.00 1000.00 0.00 0.00 NP P NP NP NP NP NP NP NP NP C NP P rN M rN a m a ur at a ar r ai ar pu la ur za ni pu ur oo gh alp ow ah ag ta m lo ai a m ar ar br ar rb li a sh Be an Ud Kh m na Am Ag Sa ni m Ka Te i la m So Ra Ku ar Ka Dh Urbanisation in Tripura 9
  10. 10. Features of Urbanisation in Tripura Lopsided urbanisation with growth in the capital city and its suburbs- fragmentation of the older residences and emergence of tiny plots Urbanisation occurring without industrialisation and formation of strong economic base Public administration led urbanisation occurring in erstwhile villages which are not capable of providing urban lifestyle and facilities. Distress migration and internal displacement resulted in uneven growth of urban centres Urbanisation in Tripura 10
  11. 11. The process of urbanisation would receive great fillip if – a] there is a redirection of investment to develop a strong economic base for the medium and smaller urban areas b] there could be greater integration of the rural and urban economy with emphasis on plantation and horti-based industries, c] comprehensive use of the high levels of education and literacy are made to explore the potentials of the BPO and call centre units d] the coverage of the Integrated Development of Small and Medium Towns (IDSMT) is extended with transparency and fairness, e] initiation of Urban Development Authorities with more executive powers is undertaken, f] scientific and hygienic garbage disposal and waste management systems are adopted with the introduction of the underground sewerage system and covering of the open drains, Urbanisation in Tripura 11
  12. 12. Thank You For clarifications- eyebees@gmail.com Urbanisation in Tripura 12

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