Ict power point paragraph

3,893 views
3,735 views

Published on

Power Point about Paragraph

Published in: Education
2 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total views
3,893
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
76
Comments
2
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Ict power point paragraph

  1. 1. What is a Paragraph?A paragraph is a seriesof sentences that areorganized and coherent, and areall related to a single topic.
  2. 2. How about the structure of a paragraph? A paragraph consists of : 1. Topic Sentence 2. Supporting Sentence 3. Closing Sentence
  3. 3. Elements of a Paragraph? They are:1. Topic Sentence2. Unity3. Coherence4. Adequate Development
  4. 4. Can you explain more aboutthe elements of paragraph? Sure,
  5. 5. 1. Topic Sentence The topic sentence is the first sentence in a paragraph. It introduces the main idea of the paragraph. Summarize the main idea of your paragraph. Indicate to the reader what your paragraph will be about.Example: There are three reasons why Canada is one of the best countries in the world. First, Canada has an excellent health care system. All Canadians have access to medical services at a reasonable price. Second, Canada has a high standard of education. Students are taught by well-trained teachers and are encouraged to continue studying at university. Finally, Canadas cities are clean and efficiently managed. Canadian cities have many parks and lots of space for people to live. As a result, Canada is a desirable place to live.
  6. 6. 2. Unity in the Paragraph Every sentence in a paragraph should support the main idea expressed in the topic sentence. The paragraph must have one controlling idea in the topic sentence. The supporting sentences must support or explain the controlling idea with examples, details, steps, or definitions. The concluding sentence should should restate the idea in the topic sentence.
  7. 7. 3. Coherence Key words can be repeated in several sentences Synonymous words can be repeated in several sentences Pronouns can refer to nouns in previous sentences Transition words can be used to link ideas from different sentences
  8. 8. 4. Adequate Development The topic should be discussed fully and adequately by using supporting evidence. A paragraph is adequately developed when it describes, explains and supports the topic sentence. If the "promise" of the topic sentence is not fulfilled, or if the reader is left with questions after reading the paragraph, the paragraph has not been adequately developed. Generally speaking, a paragraph which consists of only two or three sentences is under- developed. A good rule of thumb to follow is to make sure that a paragraph contains at least four sentences which explain and elaborate on the topic sentence.
  9. 9. Supporting Sentence They come after the topic sentence, making up the body of a paragraph. They give details to develop and support the main idea of the paragraph. We should give supporting facts, details and examples.Example: There are three reasons why Canada is one of the best countries in the world. First, Canada has an excellent health care system. All Canadians have access to medical services at a reasonable price. Second, Canada has a high standard of education. Students are taught by well- trained teachers and are encouraged to continue studying at university. Finally, Canadas cities are clean and efficiently managed. Canadian cities have many parks and lots of space for people to live. As a result, Canada is a desirable place to live.
  10. 10. Closing Sentence The closing sentence is the last sentence in a paragraph. It restates the main idea of your paragraph. Restate the main idea of the paragraph using different words.Example: There are three reasons why Canada is one of the best countries in the world. First, Canada has an excellent health care system. All Canadians have access to medical services at a reasonable price. Second, Canada has a high standard of education. Students are taught by well- trained teachers and are encouraged to continue studying at university. Finally, Canadas cities are clean and efficiently managed. Canadian cities have many parks and lots of space for people to live. As a result, Canada is a desirable place to live.
  11. 11. How To Write A Paragraph? There are four stages in process of writing paragraph : 1. Prewriting Paragraphs 2. Writing Paragraphs 3. Editing Paragraphs 4. Publishing Paragraphs
  12. 12. 1. Prewriting ParagraphsThe prewriting stage is when you think carefully andorganize your ideas for your paragraph before you beginwriting.Six Prewriting Steps:1. Think carefully about what you are going to write2. Open your notebook3. Collect facts related to your paragraph topic4. Write down your own ideas5. Find the main idea of your paragraph6. Organize your facts and ideas in a way that develops your main idea
  13. 13. 2. Writing ParagraphsFive Writing Steps:1. Open your notebook and word processor.2. Write the topic sentence, supporting sentences and closing sentence.3. Write clear and simple sentences to express your meaning.4. Focus on the main idea of your paragraph.5. Use the dictionary to help you find additional words to express your ideas.
  14. 14. 3. Editing Paragraphs Grammar and Spelling 1. Check your spelling. 2. Check your grammar. 3. Read your assignment again. 4. Make sure each sentence has a subject. 5. See if your subjects and verbs agree with each other. 6. Check the verb tenses of each sentence. 7. Make sure that each sentence makes sense.Style and Organization1. Make sure your paragraph has a topic sentence.2. Make sure your supporting sentences focus on the main idea.3. Make sure you have a closing sentence.4. Check that all your sentences focus on the main idea.5. See if your paragraph is interesting.
  15. 15. The publishing stage is when you produce afinal copy of your assignment to hand in. The three most vital publishing steps are:1. Make a paper copy of your paragraph.2. Show your work to your teacher, tutor orparents.3. Ask them for hints on how to improve yourwriting.
  16. 16. Methods of paragraph development Use examples and illustrations Cite data (facts, statistics, evidence, details, and others) Examine testimony (what other people say such as quotes and paraphrases) Use an anecdote or story Define terms in the paragraph Compare and contrast Evaluate causes and reasons Examine effects and consequences Analyze the topic Evaluate the topic according to specified criteria Describe the topic Offer a chronology of an event (time segments)
  17. 17. SOME USEFUL TRANSITIONS To show addition: again, and, also, besides, equally important, first (second, etc.), further, furthermore, in addition, in the first place, moreover, next, too To give examples: for example, for instance, in fact, specifically, that is, to illustrate To compare: also, in the same manner, likewise, similarly To contrast: although, and yet, at the same time, but, despite, even though, however, in contrast, in spite of, nevertheless, on the contrary, on the other hand, still, though, yet To summarize or conclude: all in all, in conclusion, in other words, in short, in summary, on the whole, that is, therefore, to sum up To show time: after, afterward, as, as long as, as soon as, at last, before, during, earlier, finally, formerly, immediately, later, meanwhile, next, since, shortly, subsequently, then, thereafter, until, when, while To show place or direction: above, below, beyond, close, elsewhere, farther on, here, nearby, opposite, to the left (north, etc.) To indicate logical relationship: accordingly, as a result, because, consequently, for this reason, hence, if, otherwise, since, so, then, therefore, thus

×