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Vwde dglt presentation r10w o eqx may 2011
 

Vwde dglt presentation r10w o eqx may 2011

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    Vwde dglt presentation r10w o eqx may 2011 Vwde dglt presentation r10w o eqx may 2011 Presentation Transcript

    • Truck Weight Control in Indonesia:
      A Fresh Perspective
      PRE-SCOPING STUDY
      ClellHarral
      RustamRauh
      Shirley Oroh
      Jakarta 6 May 2011
    • Purpose & Scope
      Concern at all levels of government with the quality of road provision in Indonesia and a growing interest in exploring measures that will reduce the damage done to pavements by heavily loaded trucks.
      IndII wishes to investigate what contribution it can most usefully make to assist the Government of Indonesia (GoI) in dealing with this problem.
      This task is to be approached in three stages:
       Preparation of a Background Paper on the current situation;
      Proposals for IndII assistance to GoI; and
      Following agreement between IndII and GoI on the proposed assistance, prepare an Activity Design Document (DD)
    • Most trucks on Indonesia’s roads are heavily overloaded relative to legal Gross GVW (JBI)
    • DISCOVERY & DIAGNOSIS
      • Currently an important imbalance between Indonesia’s present highway infrastructure and current vehicle technology
      • Not just a truck overloading problem
      – the road infrastructure is farther from
      the optimum than the vehicle fleet
      • In fact, the road transport system serves Indonesia as well as it does because there is tacit acceptance of the fact that the entire truck fleet routinely operates well in excess of current legal limits.
    • OVERLOADING INCREASES ROAD CAPACITY
    • PRESCRIPTION (1) SHORT-RUN
      In present circumstances, it would be a huge mistake to enforce existing truck load limits
      A substantial loss of economic efficiency for present fleet
      No spare capacity in the other modes to make up the loss
      +33% more trucks on the roads to carry the same cargo … and
      far more congestion for every road user!!
      This is not optimal for the long-run, given Indonesia’s existing weak road pavements, which are taking a heavy beating…. which will incur heavy repair costs… but life-cycle vehicle operating costs dominate all infrastructure costs… and
    • PRESCRIPTION (2) SHORT-RUN
      For the short run, the enforcement effort to limit truck weights should be restricted and redirected to taking any unsafely loaded vehicle off the road.
      Current legal vehicle weight limits should be increased by perhaps 50-60%
      Outreach to trucking and major shippers to win their support in new policies
      Personnel charged with responsibility for enforcing weight limits should receive functional incentives
      Independent monitoring & enforcement new limits
    • The Sumatera Region Roads Project
      (2001-2005)
      Technical Assistance Component on Vehicle Weights and Dimensions Enforcement pilot-tested new institutional model for VWDE
      Educational campaign to forewarn truckers and shippers
      Provision of functional salaries with significant incentives for superior performance aligned with the public interest
      Independent monitoring with WIM weighing apparatus to verify accuracy of reported data
      It worked– and provides a workable model for implementation today!
    • PRESCRIPTION (3) LONG-RUN
      • Major policy research to determine optimum vehicle dimension and load limits by holistic life-cycle modeling
      • IndII study already underway
      Major policy research needed on road pricing
      Efficient pricing can guide the market to define the optimum role for road transport vs rail, water, and air
      Good study by ND Lea Associates in 1995/96, needs updating
      Research also needed on road finance
      Connect road use charges to road funding to help forge political support for
      Good study by Prof. Suyono & John Lee in 2001– but needs political coalition to support.
    • PRESCRIPTION (4) LONG-RUN
      Analyze investment/expenditure priorities in the roads sector over time and space
      Improve maintenance of existing roads
      Strengthen existing roads to carry heavier loads
      Add new lanes to existing roads to reduce congestion
      Extending the network of higher quality roads to serve new areas, or to alleviate congestion by creating alternative routings
      Optimum timing for each of the above, for each corridor in the network
    • MODAL COMPETITION
      AND
      COMPLEMENTARITIES
      To help alleviate highway congestion, the possibilities for revival of railway freight services in the Trans Java Corridor should be reviewed.
      Modernization of railway passenger services creates economies of scope which
      (1) improve the potential competitiveness of railway freight services, and
      (2) also generate potential complementarities, including high quality inter-modal container services for key links.
    • ROAD PRICING & FINANCE ISSUES
      by
      Professor SuyonoDikun
    • IN SUMMARY
      Immediately initiate plan to raise legal limits on vehicle loads– the model developed by the Sumatera Region Roads Project can be implemented:
      Publicity campaign to inform all road users
      Seek support of all road users to avoid unsafe load extremes
      In parallel, create new organizational structures to force unsafe loads off the roads with funcitional positions for key staff
      Provision of functional salaries with significant incentives for superior performance aligned with the public interest
      Independent monitoring with WIM weighing apparatus to verify accuracy of reported data
    • FURTHER POLICY STUDIES
      Optimum vehicle weights & dimensions jointly with optimum pavement strength
      Evaluation of investment priorities for roads sector: congestion relief vs stronger pavements
      Optimum road pricing, including congestion pricing
      Creation of Road Fund with identified sources of funding.
      Potentials for inter-modal competition and multi-modal complementarities.
    • PRESCRIPTION (5) LONG-RUN
      Similarly, in parallel, analyze investment priorities and potentials for each of the other modes for the major corridors:
      Rail
      Water
      Air
      Analyze likely market structures and inter-modal competition
      Develop government policies to harness competitive forces to find the best role for each mode.
    • TERIMA KASIH