<ul><li>IndII and Urban Transport Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>SESSION II: The roles of physical infrastructure to ach...
<ul><li>Even a well planned BRT system will not be successful if the required infrastructure is not provided </li></ul>Ope...
Infrastructure Impacts   Passenger Concern Poor Infrastructure Good Infrastructure 1. Access Time Hard / long time to get ...
<ul><li>Good quality and direct footpaths and paving between home and bus stop </li></ul><ul><li>Good quality and direct p...
1. Infrastructure to Reduce Passenger Access Time
<ul><li>How will passengers walk to the bus route? </li></ul><ul><li>Identify ideal pedestrian routes and required infrast...
<ul><li>Where should their bus stops be? </li></ul><ul><li>Identify best bus stop locations </li></ul>1. Infrastructure to...
<ul><li>Are the  bus stops the right distance apart? </li></ul><ul><li>Identify any ‘missing’ bus stops </li></ul>1. Infra...
<ul><li>Can passengers safely and directly cross the roads? </li></ul><ul><li>Identify required crossing arrangements and ...
<ul><li>Develop a comprehensive list of all required Passenger Access Time infrastructure: </li></ul><ul><li>Item </li></u...
<ul><li>Passenger waiting time is mainly a function of service frequency:- the higher the frequency the shorter the waitin...
<ul><li>More buses (to improve frequencies) </li></ul><ul><li>Good quality ‘ambience’, with seats, weather protection, cle...
<ul><li>More buses (to improve frequencies). </li></ul><ul><li>Passengers generally dislike waiting for a bus more than th...
<ul><li>http://www.planningni.gov.uk/index/policy/supplementary_guidance/guides/busstop-designguide.pdf </li></ul>2. Infra...
<ul><li>http://www.planningni.gov.uk/index/policy/supplementary_guidance/guides/busstop-designguide.pdf </li></ul>2. Infra...
<ul><li>http://www.planningni.gov.uk/index/policy/supplementary_guidance/guides/busstop-designguide.pdf </li></ul>2. Infra...
2. Infrastructure to Reduce Perceived Passenger Waiting Time
2. Infrastructure to Reduce Perceived Passenger Waiting Time
<ul><li>Good quality bus stops, room for buses to pull in and pull out without interference from other traffic </li></ul><...
3. Infrastructure to Reduce In-vehicle Travel Time Bus accelerating area
3. Infrastructure to Reduce In-vehicle Travel Time Bus stop extended out from kerb so buses do not have to pull in to stop
3. Infrastructure to Reduce In-vehicle Travel Time Bus stop extended out from kerb so buses do not have to pull in to stop
3. Infrastructure to Reduce In-vehicle Travel Time <ul><li>But:  </li></ul><ul><li>Relatively expensive, </li></ul><ul><li...
3. Infrastructure to Reduce In-vehicle Travel Time
3. Infrastructure to Reduce In-vehicle Travel Time <ul><li>Enforcement: </li></ul><ul><li>If any bus priority measure can ...
3. Infrastructure to Reduce In-vehicle Travel Time <ul><li>Ticketing: </li></ul><ul><li>Bus travel times are much improved...
3. Infrastructure to Reduce In-vehicle Travel Time <ul><li>On board passenger information: </li></ul><ul><li>Next stop </l...
<ul><li>As for item 1. Infrastructure to Reduce Passenger Egress Time </li></ul><ul><li>Same issues to address </li></ul>4...
<ul><li>As bus speeds increase the costs of operating a given service decrease: </li></ul><ul><li>Fewer buses required to ...
Closing Comments <ul><li>We must develop bus service infrastructure plans that will reduce passenger: </li></ul><ul><ul><l...
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Session ii the roles of physical infrastructure to achieve successful brt david overington

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Session ii the roles of physical infrastructure to achieve successful brt david overington

  1. 1. <ul><li>IndII and Urban Transport Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>SESSION II: The roles of physical infrastructure to achieve successful BRT </li></ul><ul><li>David Overington </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>Even a well planned BRT system will not be successful if the required infrastructure is not provided </li></ul>Opening Statement
  3. 3. Infrastructure Impacts Passenger Concern Poor Infrastructure Good Infrastructure 1. Access Time Hard / long time to get to bus stop Easy and quick 2. Waiting Time Unpleasant surroundings, high perceived waiting time Pleasant surroundings, low perceived waiting time 3. In-Vehicle Travel Time Slow journey and long travel time Fast journey and short travel time 4. Egress Time Hard / long time to get from bus stop Easy and quick Time Long travel times  services are unattractive Short times  services are attractive
  4. 4. <ul><li>Good quality and direct footpaths and paving between home and bus stop </li></ul><ul><li>Good quality and direct pedestrian crossings especially across main / busy roads / water ways and at intersections </li></ul><ul><li>Frequent bus stops so passengers don’t have to walk too far </li></ul><ul><li>Carefully placed bus stops close to main passenger generators and attractors </li></ul><ul><li>Good lighting and weather protection </li></ul>1. Infrastructure to Reduce Passenger Access Time
  5. 5. 1. Infrastructure to Reduce Passenger Access Time
  6. 6. <ul><li>How will passengers walk to the bus route? </li></ul><ul><li>Identify ideal pedestrian routes and required infrastructure </li></ul>1. Infrastructure to Reduce Passenger Access Time
  7. 7. <ul><li>Where should their bus stops be? </li></ul><ul><li>Identify best bus stop locations </li></ul>1. Infrastructure to Reduce Passenger Access Time
  8. 8. <ul><li>Are the bus stops the right distance apart? </li></ul><ul><li>Identify any ‘missing’ bus stops </li></ul>1. Infrastructure to Reduce Passenger Access Time
  9. 9. <ul><li>Can passengers safely and directly cross the roads? </li></ul><ul><li>Identify required crossing arrangements and infrastructure </li></ul>1. Infrastructure to Reduce Passenger Access Time
  10. 10. <ul><li>Develop a comprehensive list of all required Passenger Access Time infrastructure: </li></ul><ul><li>Item </li></ul><ul><li>Location </li></ul><ul><li>Benefit </li></ul><ul><li>Cost </li></ul><ul><li>Cost Effectiveness </li></ul><ul><li>Review and iterate to develop optimal ‘access time’ infrastructure plan </li></ul>1. Infrastructure to Reduce Passenger Access Time
  11. 11. <ul><li>Passenger waiting time is mainly a function of service frequency:- the higher the frequency the shorter the waiting time. </li></ul><ul><li>The higher the frequency the more buses are required. </li></ul><ul><li>But infrastructure can help reduce ‘perceived’ waiting times </li></ul>2.Infrastructure to Reduce Passenger Waiting Time
  12. 12. <ul><li>More buses (to improve frequencies) </li></ul><ul><li>Good quality ‘ambience’, with seats, weather protection, clean, lit </li></ul><ul><li>Good quality passenger information, large coloured route maps, large and well lit timetable displays, simple and accurate real time passenger information </li></ul><ul><li>Good visibility to see approaching buses </li></ul>2. Infrastructure to Reduce Perceived Passenger Waiting Time
  13. 13. <ul><li>More buses (to improve frequencies). </li></ul><ul><li>Passengers generally dislike waiting for a bus more than they dislike time actually spent on the bus </li></ul><ul><li>This makes frequency one of the main drivers of patronage and ultimately of service success </li></ul><ul><li>To offer rapid travel, a BRT system must operate frequently (at least every 10 minutes). This requires investment in vehicle infrastructure </li></ul>2. Infrastructure to Reduce Actual Passenger Waiting Time
  14. 14. <ul><li>http://www.planningni.gov.uk/index/policy/supplementary_guidance/guides/busstop-designguide.pdf </li></ul>2. Infrastructure to Reduce Perceived Passenger Waiting Time Weather protection Lighting Visibility Seating Route and Timetable Information Bus Stop ID and Route Information
  15. 15. <ul><li>http://www.planningni.gov.uk/index/policy/supplementary_guidance/guides/busstop-designguide.pdf </li></ul>2. Infrastructure to Reduce Perceived Passenger Waiting Time
  16. 16. <ul><li>http://www.planningni.gov.uk/index/policy/supplementary_guidance/guides/busstop-designguide.pdf </li></ul>2. Infrastructure to Reduce Perceived Passenger Waiting Time
  17. 17. 2. Infrastructure to Reduce Perceived Passenger Waiting Time
  18. 18. 2. Infrastructure to Reduce Perceived Passenger Waiting Time
  19. 19. <ul><li>Good quality bus stops, room for buses to pull in and pull out without interference from other traffic </li></ul><ul><li>Bus priority measures – dedicated bus only lanes, high occupancy vehicle lanes, signal pre-emption, queue jumping, enforcement </li></ul><ul><li>Fast ticketing </li></ul>3. Infrastructure to Reduce In-vehicle Travel Time
  20. 20. 3. Infrastructure to Reduce In-vehicle Travel Time Bus accelerating area
  21. 21. 3. Infrastructure to Reduce In-vehicle Travel Time Bus stop extended out from kerb so buses do not have to pull in to stop
  22. 22. 3. Infrastructure to Reduce In-vehicle Travel Time Bus stop extended out from kerb so buses do not have to pull in to stop
  23. 23. 3. Infrastructure to Reduce In-vehicle Travel Time <ul><li>But: </li></ul><ul><li>Relatively expensive, </li></ul><ul><li>Can be politically difficult to introduce, </li></ul><ul><li>Not fast to introduce </li></ul>
  24. 24. 3. Infrastructure to Reduce In-vehicle Travel Time
  25. 25. 3. Infrastructure to Reduce In-vehicle Travel Time <ul><li>Enforcement: </li></ul><ul><li>If any bus priority measure can be used by other vehicles then adequate enforcement will be important </li></ul>
  26. 26. 3. Infrastructure to Reduce In-vehicle Travel Time <ul><li>Ticketing: </li></ul><ul><li>Bus travel times are much improved when drivers do not have to handle cash </li></ul><ul><li>Passengers purchase tickets off-bus, validate on bus (or at the bus stop for ‘closed’ bus stops) </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-door boarding can further reduce delays </li></ul>
  27. 27. 3. Infrastructure to Reduce In-vehicle Travel Time <ul><li>On board passenger information: </li></ul><ul><li>Next stop </li></ul><ul><li>Entertainment </li></ul>
  28. 28. <ul><li>As for item 1. Infrastructure to Reduce Passenger Egress Time </li></ul><ul><li>Same issues to address </li></ul>4. Infrastructure to Reduce Passenger Access Time
  29. 29. <ul><li>As bus speeds increase the costs of operating a given service decrease: </li></ul><ul><li>Fewer buses required to operate the timetable, </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced driver hours to be paid, </li></ul><ul><li>More efficient engine speeds reduces ful costs. </li></ul><ul><li>AND </li></ul><ul><li>Patronage and revenue increase </li></ul><ul><li>SO </li></ul><ul><li>Financial performance improves and funding costs reduce </li></ul>Impact of Speed on Operating Costs
  30. 30. Closing Comments <ul><li>We must develop bus service infrastructure plans that will reduce passenger: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Access times </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wait times </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In-vehicle travel times, and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Egress times </li></ul></ul><ul><li>And that can be implemented quickly and cost effectively </li></ul>

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