<ul><li>IndII and Urban Transport Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>SESSION I: Achieving rapid passenger travel speed </li>...
<ul><li>Bus passengers are just like you and me… </li></ul><ul><li>With the same transport likes and dislikes </li></ul><u...
Role of Urban Public Transport  <ul><li>Public transport allows us to meet OTHER needs. </li></ul><ul><li>We  don’t  make ...
Role of Urban Public Transport  <ul><li>That means we want to get the public transport travel task over and done with as s...
Concept of Passenger Value of Time  <ul><li>Because we want to get the public transport travel task over and done with as ...
Passenger Value of Time – Example 1 <ul><li>Imagine two bus services </li></ul><ul><li>Passengers want to travel between ‘...
Passenger Value of Time – Example 2 <ul><li>Imagine the same two bus services </li></ul><ul><li>Passengers want to travel ...
Passenger Value of Time – Example 3 <ul><li>Imagine the same two bus services </li></ul><ul><li>Passengers want to travel ...
Passenger Value of Time Conclusions <ul><li>So… </li></ul><ul><li>We all place a  value  on time </li></ul><ul><li>The  le...
Implications for Service Planning and Infrastructure <ul><li>As service planners we  must  focus on designing services to ...
Four Key Elements of Passenger Travel Time <ul><li>There are four key elements of passenger travel time </li></ul><ul><li>...
Four Key Elements of Passenger Travel Time <ul><li>Access Time </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The time it takes to get to the board...
1. Access Time Considerations <ul><li>Service Planning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bus route density </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>...
2. Wait Time Considerations <ul><li>Service Planning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>High bus frequency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>L...
3. In-Vehicle Time Considerations <ul><li>Service Planning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct bus routes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
4. Egress Time Considerations <ul><li>Service Planning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bus route density </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>...
Achieving Rapid Passenger Travel <ul><li>Services designed to result in: </li></ul><ul><li>Short passenger access times </...
Closing Thoughts <ul><li>‘ We’ must consider ourselves as the passenger when designing services </li></ul><ul><li>We must ...
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Session i achieving rapid passenger travel speed david overington

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Transcript of "Session i achieving rapid passenger travel speed david overington"

  1. 1. <ul><li>IndII and Urban Transport Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>SESSION I: Achieving rapid passenger travel speed </li></ul><ul><li>David Overington </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>Bus passengers are just like you and me… </li></ul><ul><li>With the same transport likes and dislikes </li></ul><ul><li>If you and I wouldn’t like to use it, nor will the passengers like using it </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(though they may have little choice) </li></ul></ul>Opening Statement
  3. 3. Role of Urban Public Transport <ul><li>Public transport allows us to meet OTHER needs. </li></ul><ul><li>We don’t make public transport trips for the fun and enjoyment of actually making the public transport trip itself </li></ul><ul><li>We do make public transport trips so that we can do other things we have to do (get to work, study, etc) or want to do (get to movies, etc) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Role of Urban Public Transport <ul><li>That means we want to get the public transport travel task over and done with as soon as possible </li></ul><ul><li>So we can get on with other parts of our daily lives </li></ul>
  5. 5. Concept of Passenger Value of Time <ul><li>Because we want to get the public transport travel task over and done with as soon as possible… </li></ul><ul><li>We place a (negative) value on time spent using public transport </li></ul><ul><li>The less time it takes the higher we value it </li></ul><ul><li>Let’s look at some simple examples… </li></ul>
  6. 6. Passenger Value of Time – Example 1 <ul><li>Imagine two bus services </li></ul><ul><li>Passengers want to travel between ‘A’ and ‘B’ </li></ul><ul><li>Same bus stops at ‘A’ and ‘B’ </li></ul><ul><li>Same bus types </li></ul><ul><li>Same fare levels </li></ul><ul><li>Same service frequencies </li></ul><ul><li>Different routes </li></ul><ul><li>Service 1 takes one hour </li></ul><ul><li>Service 2 takes two hours </li></ul><ul><li>Which is more attractive? </li></ul><ul><li>Which will get the most passengers? </li></ul>A B 1 2 1 1 2 1 A 2 1 B A 2 1
  7. 7. Passenger Value of Time – Example 2 <ul><li>Imagine the same two bus services </li></ul><ul><li>Passengers want to travel between ‘A’ and ‘B’ </li></ul><ul><li>Same bus stops at ‘A’ and ‘B’ </li></ul><ul><li>Same bus types </li></ul><ul><li>But not necessarily the same fare levels </li></ul><ul><li>Same service frequencies </li></ul><ul><li>Different routes </li></ul><ul><li>Service 1 takes one hour </li></ul><ul><li>Service 2 takes two hours </li></ul><ul><li>Which is more attractive? </li></ul><ul><li>Which will be able to charge the higher fare? </li></ul>B A 2 1
  8. 8. Passenger Value of Time – Example 3 <ul><li>Imagine the same two bus services </li></ul><ul><li>Passengers want to travel between ‘A’ and ‘B’ </li></ul><ul><li>Same bus stops at ‘A’ and ‘B’ </li></ul><ul><li>Same bus types </li></ul><ul><li>Same fare levels </li></ul><ul><li>Same routes </li></ul><ul><li>But different frequencies </li></ul><ul><li>Service 1 operates every 15 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Service 2 operates every 30 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Which is more attractive? </li></ul><ul><li>Which will get the most passengers and / or be able to charge the higher fare? </li></ul>B A 2 1
  9. 9. Passenger Value of Time Conclusions <ul><li>So… </li></ul><ul><li>We all place a value on time </li></ul><ul><li>The less time passengers spend making their urban travel the less ‘time cost’ they will incur and the more they will value it </li></ul><ul><li>And that will mean more passengers and or higher passenger revenues </li></ul><ul><li>And that will help lead to successful public transport operations </li></ul>
  10. 10. Implications for Service Planning and Infrastructure <ul><li>As service planners we must focus on designing services to minimise passenger travel times </li></ul><ul><ul><li>And perceived travel times </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Because infrastructure will be needed to support good service design, service design will therefore influence the infrastructure required </li></ul><ul><li>So… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Design services first, then… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Design infrastructure to support service design </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Four Key Elements of Passenger Travel Time <ul><li>There are four key elements of passenger travel time </li></ul><ul><li>In good service design all four must be addressed: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Access Time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wait Time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In-Vehicle Time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Egress Time </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Four Key Elements of Passenger Travel Time <ul><li>Access Time </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The time it takes to get to the boarding bus stop </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wait Time </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The time spent at the stop waiting for the bus to arrive </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In-Vehicle Time </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The time spent in the bus </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Egress Time </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The time it takes to get from the alighting bus stop </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. 1. Access Time Considerations <ul><li>Service Planning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bus route density </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pedestrian planning </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Frequent bus stops and short spacing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Good pedestrian walkways and footpaths </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suitable over bridges, crossings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Park n Ride, Kiss n Ride, taxi, etc </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. 2. Wait Time Considerations <ul><li>Service Planning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>High bus frequency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Little need to transfer </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Large enough for the number of buses and passengers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Good passenger ambience and facilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Good passenger information – timetables, real time information, etc </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Good lighting, good weather protection and high passenger safety </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. 3. In-Vehicle Time Considerations <ul><li>Service Planning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct bus routes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduced bus stop dwell time with express operations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adequate bus priority – segregated lanes, signal pre-emption, enforcement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fast ticketing, fast boarding and alighting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Good passenger ambience (attractive and clean vehicles) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Good passenger information – real time information, etc </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. 4. Egress Time Considerations <ul><li>Service Planning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bus route density </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pedestrian planning </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Frequent bus stops and short spacing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Good pedestrian walkways and footpaths </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suitable over bridges, crossings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Park n Ride, Kiss n Ride, taxi, etc </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Achieving Rapid Passenger Travel <ul><li>Services designed to result in: </li></ul><ul><li>Short passenger access times </li></ul><ul><ul><li>With supporting infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Short passenger wait times </li></ul><ul><ul><li>With supporting infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Short passenger in-vehicle travel times </li></ul><ul><ul><li>With supporting infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Short passenger egress times </li></ul><ul><ul><li>With supporting infrastructure </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Closing Thoughts <ul><li>‘ We’ must consider ourselves as the passenger when designing services </li></ul><ul><li>We must minimise overall passenger travel time and passengers’ perceived travel times (not just bus travel time) </li></ul><ul><li>Sound service design must precede infrastructure design </li></ul><ul><li>Good infrastructure design will support good service design – but can not a substitute. </li></ul>

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