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Focus group discussion on national railways master plan, jakarta, 6 may 2010
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Focus group discussion on national railways master plan, jakarta, 6 may 2010

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    Focus group discussion on national railways master plan, jakarta, 6 may 2010 Focus group discussion on national railways master plan, jakarta, 6 may 2010 Presentation Transcript

    • National Railway Master Plan Focus Group
      Developing Rail Freight Services on Java:
      What is Recommended for the Railway Master Plan?
      6 May 2010
    • Objectives of the National Railways Master Plan
      • Rapidly expand railway capacity to meet
      Indonesia’s growing passenger and freight transport
      needs.
      • Implement railway structural reforms, including
      increasing role of sub-national railway operations
      increasing separation of infrastructure and above rail operations.
      • To
      encourage public and private sector investment
      increase competition in the railway sector and increase transport efficiency.
    • Key Demand Drivers on Java
      Economic growth is driving rapid growth of transport demands for both passengers and freight
      High density of population strongly favors railway passenger services.
      But, the economic geography of Java
      short distances between markets and
      near proximity of lower-cost water transport for minerals & other bulky goods
      limits the normal role of railway freight services.
    • Key Driving Forces
      The economic geography– short distances between markets and near proximity of lower-cost water transport for minerals & other bulky goods– limits the normal role of railway freight services.
      => but expansion of transport capacity, especially in the highways sector, is constrained by difficulties in acquisition of rights of way.
      => Capacity constraints and congestion will increasingly impinge on economic growth, unless railway capacity and service quality can be enhanced.
    • Key Driving Forces
      The economic geography limits the normal role of railway freight services=> but expansion of capacity in the highways sector is constrained by acquisition of rights of way.
      High density of population strongly favors railway passenger services.
      => Technological modernization of railways to meet large increases in demand for passenger services also creates important economies of scopefor expanding capacity and improving railway freight services at very low cost
    • Regulatory Environment Is an Important Element of the Plan
      • Law 23/2007 requires that private freight operations have equal and fair access to the national railway infrastructure
      • This will require separation of infrastructure from direct control of PT KA and development of an access regime that provides fair access and access pricing for all operators
      • It also requires regulation governing licensing of private rail operators and chartering of new railway lines
    • Freight Traffic
      Freight Ton-kilometers
      20,000
      6,000
      Java
      Java
      Sumatra
      Sumatra
      17,500
      5,000
      15,000
      4,000
      12,500
      billions
      Million Tons
      10,000
      3,000
      7,500
      2,000
      5,000
      1,000
      2,500
      0
      0
      2000
      2001
      2002
      2003
      2004
      2005
      2006
      2007
      2008
      2009
      2000
      2001
      2002
      2003
      2004
      2005
      2006
      2007
      2008
      2009
      Development of Rail Freight Services Capabilities is an Important Part of the Railway Master Plan
      • Rail freight market shares have been declining for decades
      • Passenger services dominate railway traffic
      • Limited available capacity
      • Difficult relationships with PTKA
      • The existing infrastructure is unfriendly to freight transport
      • Low axle loads
      • Antique rolling stock
      • Inadequate services
      • The Railway Master Plan addresses each of these issues
    • Separation of Infrastructure Is a Significant Change
      • When fully implemented, one entity will be responsible for building, maintaining and operating existing national railways
      • Allows for private operators and regulated infrastructure pricing
      • Allows private ownership of railways
    • Regulatory Changes are Insufficient to Grow Freight Traffic – New Investment is Needed
      • Replacement cost for the existing freight wagon fleet is more than US$330 million
      • Replacement cost for the existing locomotive fleet is about US$850 million
      • Total rail equipment replacement costs are more than US$5 billion
      • Much of the existing fleet is obsolete and needs replacement in the next decade
    • The Current Infrastructure is Inadequate for Freight Services
      Axle loadings are limited to a maximum of 18 tons – providing a maximum of 50 tons of lading per wagon
      Many lines have lower axle loadings – 13 tons or less – providing a maximum net load of 30 tons or less per freight wagon
      These limitations also extend to the locomotive fleet – limiting the power of locomotives and the maximum sizes of trains
      The current infrastructure constrains the development of the Java rail freight market – trains don’t carry much more than trucks, sometimes less
    • Infrastructure Enhancement is a Major Recommendation for the Rail Master Plan
      Moving axle loads to 25 tons on the main lines – wagon carrying capacity to 77 tons
      Increasing physical clearances to 6.1 meters eventually
      Recommended Infrastructure Standards Include:
      R60 continuously welded rail
      Concrete sleepers at 1,660/kilometer
      300 mm hard rock ballast
      Electronic signaling
      Bridges sufficient for 25 tons/axle loading at track speed
    • Proposed Infrastructure Enhancements Will Transform Rail Operations
      • High-Speed passenger trains proposed on the north island coast line
      150-kph max speed services
      Hourly departures, half-hourly in peak periods
      • Higher-speed passenger services on the Bandung – Yogyakarta line – perhaps using tilt-trains
      Increased frequency
      Bi-level equipment for greater capacity
      • Capacity enhancements will allow more, larger, heavier, and faster freight services
    • Freight Success May Depend on Specialized Terminals
      Specialized terminals for warehousing and logistics services include
      Containers
      Oil and bulk liquids
      Steel, other industrial materials
      Coal terminals
      Manufacturing, automobiles
    • Specialized Terminals and Freight Rolling Stock Increasingly Private Sector Responsibility
      • High capital needs for infrastructure and passenger services
      • Means a larger role for private investment in railway facilities
      • New law allows and encourages private investment in rail sector
      Freight wagons
      Specialized terminals and terminal operations
      Rail operators using PT KA locos, drivers
      Warehousing and logistics services
      Rail operations role possible in the future
    • PT KA Will Also be Transformed
      • PT KA must implement accounting separation of railway services and infrastructure accounts
      • More rigorous accounting standards to identify infrastructure, passenger, and freight operating costs
      • PT KA likely to separate into at least two divisions
      Infrastructure Services Unit: Maintain and operate railway infrastructure, including day-to-day maintenance, dispatching, under contract with DGR
      Rail Operations Unit: To assemble and operate trains, operate stations and terminals, provide locomotives, drivers, and operations management infrastructure
      Rail Operations Unit may further separate into freight and passenger divisions
      • PT KA will no longer have monopoly on operations but will be able to provide operations services to private railways
    • Possible Rail Sector Structure in Indonesia
      Transport Policy
      Economic regulation Accident
      Investigation
      Technical Regulation
      & Standards, PSO,
      Access Charges
      Access terms (network
      statement, capacity
      allocation)