1 issues and priorities rli final

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1 issues and priorities rli final

  1. 1. Improving Bus Services in Jakarta: Issues and Priorities Richard Iles
  2. 2. 2 Focus of TransJakarta Improvement Program Sub-Activity B • Assistance to Dishub in improving bus services in Jakarta, excluding BRT services operated by TransJakarta – this is the focus of Sub-Activity A • Sub-Activity B complements Sub-Activity A and focuses mainly on: – large buses (but not BRT) – medium-sized buses – angkots or mikrolets • But there are some areas of commonality including – ticketing – information – integration and complementarity with BRT and other modes (MRT, taxis, bajajs, ojeks) • This workshop is concerned mainly with non-BRT buses, but some topics will cover the broader public transport spectrum
  3. 3. 3 The Scale of the Problem •In 2002 there were 37 million person trips per day in Greater Jakarta :  40% of all trips were on foot or by non-motorised means  and of the 60% of motorised trips:  50% were by bus, minibus, etc  25% were by car, taxi, etc  25% were by motor-cycle By 2011/12 it was evident that:  Total number of trips had increased substantially  Number of car & m/cycle trips had increased dramatically – especially motor-cycles  Number of bus trips had remained constant
  4. 4. 4 Growth in Registered Vehicles in Jakarta 1975-2008
  5. 5. 5 Mode Change – 2002-2010 • Significant growth in motor-cycle use • Corresponding decline in % bus usage • The figures for GREATER Jakarta are:
  6. 6. 6 Growth in Passenger Movement (Greater Jakarta - 2002-2012)
  7. 7. 7 Key statistics
  8. 8. 8 Total Person Trips within DKI Jakarta Within DKI Cross Border Total Public Transport 4,823,000 26% 1,724,000 24% 6,547,000 25% Motor Cycle 9,613,000 51% 3,490,000 49% 13,103,000 51% Car 4,338,000 23% 1,861,000 26% 6,199,000 24% Total 18,775,000 7,075,000 25,850,000 • in 2012, there were almost 26 million person trips per day with DKI Jakarta area (including cross-border) • Approximately half were by motorcycle, with a further 25% each by PT and car
  9. 9. 9
  10. 10. 10 Public Transport – Passenger Numbers • There were around 4.8 million daily public transport trips in DKI Jakarta in 2012 • Of these, the BRT system carried 350,000 passengers – or around 7% of the total • The remaining 4.4 million trips used the other PT services – including large buses, medium buses, angkots, mikrolets, taxis, bajas & ojeks
  11. 11. 11 Deficiencies of the Existing non-BRT Bus System • Poor travelling conditions • Inconvenient services • Poor safety standards • Contribution to congestion and pollution – real or perceived • Lack of information • Difficult to regulate • Unsustainable without substantial changes
  12. 12. 12 Public Transport as an Alternative to Private Transport • A stated Government objective • PT must be attractive to car users and motorcyclists – simply providing a service will not ensure that it will be used • Must be easy to understand • Must be convenient – easily accessible – seamless transfers • Must be reliable • Must be quick – total journey times comparable with car/motorcycle • Comfort standard must be acceptable • Restriction of private transport use – most car users will be reluctant to use PT, however good the service
  13. 13. 13 Key Issues and Priorities • Need for a coherent policy for public transport • Reform of bus industry • Rationalisation of bus fleet • Rationalisation of route network • Coordination/integration of services and modes • Infrastructure development • Fares – levels – structure • Ticketing • Information • Enforcement
  14. 14. 14 Dishub’s Role • Planning an adequate public transport system • Securing delivery of all planned services • Ensuring compliance with standards • IndII can help

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