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Zephyr Zephyr Presentation Transcript

  • Team Name: D Prakash Chirag Verma Pooja Agrawal Swapnil Shukla Peeyush Ramrakhyani 1
  • 30 people leave rural areas for urban areas every minute. 49.7 crores to be added to the urban population by 2050.  With the increasing influx in cities and encroachment of low income poor class over government lands is the greatest blot over the development of any town.  The increasing population means more competition and higher price hikes  With increasing congestion the city will be more prone to Epidemics and Disasters.  City expansion often takes the forest and agricultural land in itself and turns it into residential, institutional and/ or industrial area. Thus significantly reducing the forest cover of nation.  If not well planned the city would become a chaos rather than Megapolis.  Slum people do not want government to help them because of lack of Faith and uncertainty of time period in Govt. works. Moreover quality of construction by Builders worries them.  Slum Dwellers also complain of raised spending in form of Electricity Bills House Taxes and Water Charges. 2
  • Its time to rise high and grow vertical. Plan Proposed:  The Slum Area should be converted into Business Hub on condition that they help in making the quarters for Slum People in 90%-10% venture with govt.  The plan for reorganizing slum area consists of four stages:  Stage :1: The slum dwellers should be taken in confidence, well communicated and brought in pact that they will leave their land if Better Zero Energy Concrete House with Drinking Water, Sanitation Facilities, Lift and Renewable Energy Sources are provided to them. They need not to leave their land immediately except for 20% of them. In no case the new planned houses’ area should be built up on less than 70% of average land held by slum dwellers.  Stage:2: The tenders should be made out for commercial projects to be established in 60% of slum area on condition that the residential quarters for slum dwellers are to be built up first in accordance to the plan set out for houses on 20% of land. The corporate need not to pay land cost to slum dwellers but they have to bear the 90% of cost of building and 10% is to be funded by state government.  Stage:3: The City Development Authority will check the quality and take comments from slum dwellers and if found satisfactory slum dwellers will be shifted to new building clearing the way for commercial project.  Stage:4: The rest 20% area will be used for recreational development after development of commercial building 3
  • Why Corporate Sector will be interested:  They will be getting land amidst of City.  The slum dwellers may be their future employee as salesman, receptionist, guard, etc.  They may start social welfare program for health and education of slum dwellers from the profit they earn and use it for their advertisement as by buying anything from here you are contributing Re.1 to a poor child’s education and health.  The taxes levied by government on the main building may be exempted for 3 years as if it would have been slum, a lot many epidemic hazard and revenue losses would have occurred to government. Why Government should fund 10%  Its governments’ prime responsibility to generate rehabilitation centre for slums.  It would help government to effectively intervene and monitor the construction of new residence Why slum people would be interested  They will be getting better zero energy residential building in nearly 70% of the average land owned by them. It means they need not to pay heavy electricity bills. Proper drinking water will be supplied to them. They will get toilets in their own houses.  Further they need not to get imparted from their land immediately, they will be secure and have to shift only after checking of new apartments’ quality. Although those who will leave their land earlier will get the quarters of their own choice.  Standard of living will improve and employment opportunities will also be higher. 4
  • Implementation Plan 5 Surveying and MIS Documentatio n • Proper surveys of slum areas with respect to hazards of slum living, total area of slum should be carried out. Average land ownership should also be taken care of. A MIS System should be developed based onaadhar card or simply on other formats to ensure that everyone gets reached and recorded. Approaching slums with full preparation • A final draft of zero energy building should be plotted keeping in mind residential as well as business requirements of dwellers. Mean while government should also start sanitation awareness campaign in slums. After final draft is ready Slum dwellers should be called out for a meeting and the complete plan and benefits should be acknowledged to them. Their curiosities as well as problems should be heard out and solved, if required the building plan should also be changed. Inviting tenders • The tenders should be made out that land is available for construction of commercial projects along with condition that the slum rehabilitation centre should be first developed in 90%:10% venture with government. Rehabilitation for 20% dwellers • Before starting construction, 20% land should be asked to clear out and they should be shifted to some other place where JnNURM scheme is going on. After completion of the project the displaced persons should be given preference with regard to allotment of house of their own choice
  • Director (1) 6 Surveying Committee Chief Surveyor (1) Subordinate surveyors (2) Social and Political Counselor (1) Documentation Committee IT Professional Head (1) Subordinates (2) Slum Planning and Quality Control Committee Engineering and Planning Professionals (4)* Sanitation and Slum Welfare Committee NGOs & Educated Slum Persons( 3) Government Representative ** Research and Recreation Promotion *It is better to have Slum Planning & Quality Control Committee at Central State Level and rest of committees at city level. ** ‘Government Representative’ and ‘Social and Political Counselor’ will be same person who have good understanding of regional politics, culture and language, may be an activist.
  • 7 SurveyingCommittee • Will survey out socio-economic conditions of slum • Provide inputs to documentation committee and engineering committee • Search out temporary rehabilitation places for 20% displaced population Sanitation&SlumWelfareCommittee • Comprising NGOs and elderly educated persons of slum, they would acknowledge and build confidence of slum people towards government policies • Work out innovative plans for upliftment of slum conditions DocumentationCommittee • Will keep all kinds of records with all bioinformatics so that anyone cannot misuse the plans • Will keep records of corporate tenders, etc • Help in preparing presentation for slum dwellers. SlumPlanningAndQualityControlCommittee • Its job is mostly technical in nature, i.e. planning out the design of houses, future infrastructure plans and other considerations • It will also act as quality control committee for builders
  • Surveyingcommittee • Chief Surveyor: Rs. 6 lpa. X1 • Subordinate Surveyor Rs. 4.5 lpa x2 • Social & Political Counselor Rs.6 lpa x1 Documentationcommittee • IT Professional Rs. 6 lpa x1 • Clerk Rs. 3 lpa x2 Planning&QualityControl Committee • Engineering and Planning Professionals Rs. 6 lpa x4 Slumwelfarecommittee • NGOs and Educated Slum Persons (Temporary) Rs. 1lpa x3 • Research and recreation promotion Committee 8 21 lpa 12 lpa 24 lpa 3 lpa
  • Periurban Horiculture Belts • Most slums come up in outskirts of city • Will restrict horizontal growth and force vertical growth • Perurban Ponds also help in ensuring water supply for city. Zoning rules should be liberalized • IS Codes revised for Zero Energy High rise building • New Cities should be Planned Cities • Water Harvesting and Permeable Concrete Roads should be promoted. Waste Disposal • Roads of Polyblend (Polythene mixed Roads) And Such innovations should be promoted to elevate status of Rag-pickers and thus waste collection and disposal can also privatised with an Environmental benefit 9
  • 10 Social Aspects Elevated Social Status and Mindset of slum People Better Living Standard and Awareness among People Economic Aspects Higher and Better Employment Opportunities Due to Corporate Vicinity Better Organised Approach of Government for Policy Implementation Health Aspects Reduced risk of Epidemic Hazards Proper Sanitation and Drinking Water Facilities
  • Risks and Challenges: Concept risk: 1. The one who have been allotted house may sell them and again come on footpath to again avail the same facilities. 2. State governments are often lacking funds. Implementation Risk: 1. The builders may use bad quality material with good quality finish. 2. Some political influence may arouse slum people not to surrender their land even after good quality construction. Mitigation: For Concept Risks 1. A centralised national MIS database along with Identity Card (Aadhar Card) should be prepared with all bioinformatics, family details, etc so that such leakages can be plucked. It will be beneficial in using implementing other schemes as well. 2. The slum dwellers may be asked to contribute 5% reducing governments burden. Moreover central government may also come forward. For Implementation Risks 1. The builder will be have responsibility of maintaining the building at least five years. 2. The people should be entered in a contract and should be regular contact. For any malfunction, there should a committee where slum dwellers can complaint anytime regarding quality aspect. 11
  • 12 Census of India.(2011). Rural Urban Distribution of Population. Retrieved from http://censusindia.gov.in/2011-prov- results/paper2/data_files/india/Rural_Urban_2011.pdf IBM.(2011). IBM Helps India’s Wave Inc Build Smarter Township.Retrieved from https://www-03.ibm.com/press/us/en/pressrelease/36054.wss McKinsey Global Institute. (2010). India’s Urban Awakening: Building Inclusive Cities, Sustaining Economic Growth. Retrieved from http://www.mckinsey.com/insights/urbanization/urban_awakening_in_india Dhar, A. (2012, April 6). India will see highest urban population rise in next 40 years. The Hindu. Retrieved from http://www.thehindu.com/news/india-will-see-highest-urban-population-rise-in-next- 40-years/article3286896.ece Indian Institute for Human Settlements.(2011). Urban Dynamics. Retrieved fromhttp://www.iihs.co.in/wp-content/themes/education/resources/Urban- Dynamics.pdf McKinsey Global Institute. (2010). India’s Urban Awakening: Building Inclusive Cities, Sustaining Economic Growth. Retrieved from http://www.mckinsey.com/insights/urbanization/urban_awakening_in_india Ghosh, J. (2011). Urban Challenge.Frontline.28(17). Retrieved from http://www.frontline.in/static/html/fl2817/stories/20110826281710400.htm Roads from plastic waste- icjonline.com/views/POV-S.S.Verma.pdf en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Urban_horticulture