Agriculture in India has a
But in the recent past it has
taken a back seat when it
comes to a contribution to
Here are the few major
PROBLEMS FACED BY
REASONS AND FACTORS
•Overcrowding in agriculture resulting in low cultivated land
•Discouraging rural atmosphere being tradition bound
•Shortage of market finance and storage facilities.
•The small size of holdings in India is an impediment in the
way of progressive agriculture.. In case of very small firms, it
is difficult to introduce new technology.
•Though the zamindari system has been abolished, absentee
landlordism still prevails; heavy rents are still extracted and
there is no security of tenancy.
•The technique of production adopted by Indian farmers is old,
outdated and inefficient
•The seeds they use are of poor quality and the age- old,
traditional wooden plough still exists in Indian agriculture.
•Inadequate Irrigational Facilities
• The Central government has spent nearly Rs 200,000
crore from the First Five-Year Plan to create
an irrigation potential of around 109 million hectare.
• However still 21.01 million hectares is yet to be
• Micro-irrigation can be one of the viable options for
expanding area under cultivation
• The GOVT. will bear the cost of setting up the drop irrigation
which the farmer has to pay back in terms of crops accounting
to 10 % of the production till the debt is satiated.
BEARING COST OF DROP
• GOVT. will provide for 60 % cost of the fertilizers provided that
the farmer will have to sell the 20 % of the production at
Fertilizers for subsidized crops
• India has an irrigation potential of 21.1 million hectares which
will require a funding of 41,145 crore Rs. for complete india to
be irrigated which will in next 2 two years will provide a
revenue of 2,00,000 crore Rs.
HARNESSING THE POTENTIAL OF IRRIGATION
• Contract can be
given to private
charges 0.03 $ /m
• Fertilizer cost can be
recovered from the
• Indian GOVT. issues
22,000 crores for
• If 4000 crores is
invested in irrigation
india will be fully
irrigated by 2023.
• There is no economic hurdle as the
solution proposed itself will generate its
revenue. And are completely in the
• As the process is completely neutral
favoring no cast, resulting in no
displacement of people hence the
solutions should be accepted socially.
• There might be political barriers pertain to
distribution of water between states.POLITICAL
1) With 4000 crores being invested in irrigation every year
the agricultural production may increase by more than 10 %
under normal circumstances.
2) More contribution to GDP
3) More revenue by increased exports.
4) increased reliability and equity of water distribution,
reduction in disputes, better and timely maintenance of the
system, increased crop yields and income from agriculture,
increased recovery of water charges and increase in local
employment in agriculture.
An intro to agricultural social sciences
by shubhash chandra.