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  1. 1. Aakash gupta,durgesh tripathi,rishabh sharma,shubham malpani,vikalp mishra
  2. 2. INDIAN AGRICULTURE Population pressure Fragmented Land holdings Infrastructure deficit Large workforce in less productive work In efficient Storage facilities Depleted soils Inadequate Irrigation Facilities. Agriculture in India has a significant history. But in the recent past it has taken a back seat when it comes to a contribution to GDP. Here are the few major problems . PROBLEMS FACED BY
  3. 3. REASONS AND FACTORS •Overcrowding in agriculture resulting in low cultivated land per cultivator •Discouraging rural atmosphere being tradition bound superstitious, illiterate. •Shortage of market finance and storage facilities. •Natural Calamities: GENERAL FACTORS •The small size of holdings in India is an impediment in the way of progressive agriculture.. In case of very small firms, it is difficult to introduce new technology. •Though the zamindari system has been abolished, absentee landlordism still prevails; heavy rents are still extracted and there is no security of tenancy. INSTITUTIONAL FACTORS •The technique of production adopted by Indian farmers is old, outdated and inefficient •The seeds they use are of poor quality and the age- old, traditional wooden plough still exists in Indian agriculture. •Inadequate Irrigational Facilities TECHNOLOGICAL FACTORS
  4. 4. SPECIFIC CAUSE IRRIGATION • The Central government has spent nearly Rs 200,000 crore from the First Five-Year Plan to create an irrigation potential of around 109 million hectare. • However still 21.01 million hectares is yet to be covered. • Micro-irrigation can be one of the viable options for expanding area under cultivation
  5. 5. Solution • The GOVT. will bear the cost of setting up the drop irrigation which the farmer has to pay back in terms of crops accounting to 10 % of the production till the debt is satiated. BEARING COST OF DROP IRRIGATION • GOVT. will provide for 60 % cost of the fertilizers provided that the farmer will have to sell the 20 % of the production at subsidized rate. Fertilizers for subsidized crops • India has an irrigation potential of 21.1 million hectares which will require a funding of 41,145 crore Rs. for complete india to be irrigated which will in next 2 two years will provide a revenue of 2,00,000 crore Rs. HARNESSING THE POTENTIAL OF IRRIGATION
  6. 6. IMPLEMENTATION INFRASTRUCTURE FOR IRRIGATION • Contract can be given to private companies with charges 0.03 $ /m AND CAPACITY OF 10,00,000 metre /DAY. FERTILIZER COST • Fertilizer cost can be recovered from the subsidized crops obtained from farmers. FUNDS • Indian GOVT. issues 22,000 crores for agriculture • If 4000 crores is invested in irrigation india will be fully irrigated by 2023. • Revenue generated will increase by 2,00,000 crores.
  7. 7. • There is no economic hurdle as the solution proposed itself will generate its revenue. And are completely in the budget. ECONOMIC • As the process is completely neutral favoring no cast, resulting in no displacement of people hence the solutions should be accepted socially. SOCIAL • There might be political barriers pertain to distribution of water between states.POLITICAL BARRIERS
  8. 8. IMPACT 1) With 4000 crores being invested in irrigation every year the agricultural production may increase by more than 10 % under normal circumstances. 2) More contribution to GDP 3) More revenue by increased exports. 4) increased reliability and equity of water distribution, reduction in disputes, better and timely maintenance of the system, increased crop yields and income from agriculture, increased recovery of water charges and increase in local employment in agriculture.
  9. 9. BIBLIOGRAPHY An intro to agricultural social sciences by shubhash chandra.