The money and muscle power play a dominant role in Indian elections. A common man with
capability and honest intentions and little resources has rare chances to contest elections. The political
parties only consider the “winnability” (money power & muscle power) of the person as criteria to give
him party ticket. The political parties in India should be held totally responsible for this scenario and
thus killing the spirit of electoral democracy.
It was a time when the votes were driven by the charisma of the candidate. But, we do not have
charismatic leaders now. People are becoming increasingly pragmatic.
Money power plays a big role in our country’s power set-up. Money has a big say about how things
work in a democracy.
Functions of Election Commission:
Article 324 vests the superintendence, direction and control of the preparation of electoral rolls and
conduct of elections in due and fair manner. Under articles 243K and 243ZA elections to local bodies –
Panchayats and Municipalities – are the responsibility of State Election Commissions.
The power hungry Indian politicians target the simple minded and poor citizens living below
poverty line, who are vulnerable to the temptations of easy money and vague promises due to
their desperate economic and social The results of the Indian elections cannot be considered as
genuine mandate of the people considering the prevalence of the twin evils of money power and
Even at elections to the student unions in colleges and universities these evil practices exist.
The use of money power and muscle power in elections are the direct consequence of corruption in
government machinery. So, without eradicating corruption, it would not be possible to reduce money
power and muscle power in elections.
I t is known to all of us that all parties have dozens of members with criminal record in Parliament and in
A member is not considered a criminal unless, after a trial, the court declares him and sends him
to jail. Certain members are said to have committed murder, rape, extortion, kidnapping, assault
etc. but continues to be in parliament as charges are pending in courts.
Criminals in our country attract ordinary folks with their hyponotic power. Criminals get into politics to
gain prestige and power. They get a chance to carry on their criminal activities if they are in positions of
Rampant corruption:- e.g. (1). 2G Spectrum allocation (estimated loss Rs.1.76 lakh crore) (2).
Coalgate Scam (coal block allocation) (3). Chara gotala (4). Mining scams. (5). Common wealth
game fraud (several thousand crores)
• It should be ensured that all eligible citizens participate in voting
as only 40-50%approx. polling takes place.
• Circulation of black money in the country which plays a big role in
the elections can be largely curtailed by de monetising one thousand
rupee currency notes and five hundred rupee currency notes
• The Right to Information Act (RTI) should be further fine tuned and
stringent punishment should be given to those government officials
who delay and manipulate the information sought by the citizens
under RTI Act. The citizens should be encouraged them to seek
information under RTI Act from the government whenever needed
by them without any sense of fear.
the RTI ACT
• Election process should give a choice to reject all contesting
candidates and if that option gets majority vote, then no
candidate will win. In such a situation, repeat election should be
held immediately and all rejected candidates should be barred
from contesting the repeat election.
• A special permanent fasttrackcourt must be constituted to
look into all disputes relating to elections at the state and
central level , and this court to have the authority to ban
criminals and dishonest people from contesting in the
Need for fast
track court for
• No MLA or M P should be permitted to contest elections
more than two times.T he American law that no one can
become President more than two times is a commendable step
and similar regulations should be followed in India also.
• Political parties should be made more accountable . They should
conduct internal audits of their finances to demonstrate
transparency. The Election Commission does not have any visible or
effective supervision in this regard at present.
Insist on internal
• The MP and MLA constituency fund should be scrapped immediately,
as there is lot of evidence of this being used for corrupt practices and
generation of black money which is used during elections in India
• Election Commission should introduce finger print based electronic
voting machines, which would count a vote to be legal only when
the finger print of the person matches with the one in the database.
This would completely eliminate bogus voting. This would not be as
difficult as it is thought now, considering the growth of information
technology.-This can sustain
• Election Commission should also consider ideas like online elections
for allowing voters to vote online. This would not only ensure greater
participation but would also ensure fearless voting , especially in
terrorist dominated and violence prone areas.-This can sustain
• Since the aspiring candidates are to make policies for country and
state, they should be atleast graduates so as to understand the basic
fundamentals of the policy proposed.-This can sustain
• The cost of election campaign should be brought down by
encouraging campaign through print and visual media in the form of
advertisements, for which concessional charge should be fixed by
the government and part of the expenses should be subsidized by the
government. Maximum number of public meetings that can be
conducted in each constituency by each party should be fixed and
posters should be banned.Anybody violating these regulations
should be barred immediately from contesting elections.
Bring down cost
Political parties do not want a ban with regard to the choice of criminals to contest elections.
They argue that until charges are posted in court, a person should not be considered guilty.
It has become clear in the past that it is impossible to prevent money and muscle power from
making an impact in the poll scenario. Time and again, the proposal in this regard has been
rejected by all political parties. Few years back a bag full of currency notes was brought into
parliament to establish a corruption among political parties.
In UP, it was found money was being carried in police vans. The police too are helping
politicians. The Election Commission cannot do much to stop lavish expenditure by candidates.
When there are hundreds of members in Parliament and state assemblies with a criminal record,
it would be unrealistic to expect political parties to stop giving tickets to murderers, rapists,
A general election to Lok Sabha is a gigantic exercise. It has been said that holding general
elections in India is equal to holding them for Europe, United States, Canada and Australia all
put together. Statistically, the number of voters in India is in excess of 600 million (60
crores). The number of polling booths all over the country adds up to about 900,000 (9
lakhs). To manage these polling booths about five million election personnel and an additional
two million security personnel have to be mobilized. Taking State and local elections into
account, the figures become more staggering. Today, India is unique in having upwards of
about 3.2 million (32 lakhs) directly elected representatives of the people spread over various
tiers of governance.
All the political parties have joined hands together for saying no to application of RTI Act to
It is unfortunate that the governments do not seem to have the will and segacity to accept this
extremely important suggestions. The political parties will not allow this thing to happen.
The constituency found power given to MP’s and MLA’s is very difficult to withdraw.
The election commission is totally dependent on the government machinery during the time of
conducting polls and the government is run by political parties.
Government to set up special courts for speedy disposal of criminal cases against politician so
that they do not find a way into parliament, But again it is the politician in parliament political
party in power to bring a bill on this.
Misuse of RTI also needs to be checked and stringent measures taken against defaulters.
The voters can be asked to file a proof of voting like IT return to ensure compulsory voting
Election Commissioners should maintain a data bank/record of the voters they have educated and
send to the CEC. They should be given incentives for this kind of work.
Free and compulsory education upto high school is a step forward to educate voters
Establishment of fast track courts for election disputes can be easily done by the government.
Finger print electronic voting machine can be easily procured to ensure genuine polling.
Articles of - ‘Times of India’.