TOWARDS CLEANER INDIA
Providing safe drinking water and proper sanitation
facilities to all
AMAN SINHA|KANNUPRIYA KALRA|PRABHAT KIRAN|SHRUTI RAWAT|VIBHATI AGGARWAL
HMR INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT
Swachh Bharat Yojana - The Quest for a
Cleaner and Healthier India
LACK OF CLEAN DRINKING WATER AND POOR SANITATION FACILITIES HAMPER
PRODICTIVITY, DEPRIVING INDIA OF 73 MILLION WORKING DAYS EACH YEAR
Health Impact of Inadequate
Sanitation in India
Globally, 2.5 billion people do not have access to a clean, safe
toilet which is 37 % of the global population
. A very low proportion of the rural Indian population in India has
access to improved sanitation which
implies that 70% of the rural Population does not have access to
“We shall not finally defeat AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria, or any
the other infectious diseases that plague the developing world
until we have also won the battle for safe drinking water,
sanitation and basic health care.”
Kofi Annan, United Nations Secretary-General
GENERAL LACK OF AWARENESS
WASTAGE OF WATER DURING
POOR MAINTAINANCE OF CLEAN WATER
SOCIO ECONOMIC FACTORS LIKE POVERTY ,
CASTE AND GENDER DISCRIMINATION
CURRENT SYSTEM OF FINANCING
SANITATION AND CLEAN DRINKING WATER
IS FRAGMENTED BETWEEN CENTRAL AND
“Lack of sanitation is detrimental not only to women's
health and their dignity but also to their education,
with one in four girls dropping out of schools as there
are no facilities that they can safely access”
• Inculcating the necessity of basic sanitation in primary and
secondary education curriculum
• Use of Social, electronic and print Media - free broadcasting of
informatory advertisements for a predefined time span to be made
mandatory for private channels as a part of their CSR initiative.
• To highlight the harmful effects of poor sanitation and drinking
water by organizing street plays in distant locations of the country
• Provision for subsidy on basic toiletries for BPL
• Provision of ‘green points’ for the industries managing
their industrial waste in a more efficient manner wherein
they will get monitory tax benefits .
• Sanitation loans for individuals and communities.
• Including provision for providing clean drinking
water to all under food security bill and hence
ratifying Article 47 of the constitution.
• Transferring the financial management
responsibilities for providing clean drinking water
and sanitation facilities from central government to
• Funding research to develop waterless , hygienic
toilets that do not require a sewer connection or
• Ground breaking improvements in toilet designs,
pit emptying , sludge treatment and new ways
to recycle waste
• Construction of well maintained public toilets
• Induction of dual water supply wherein filtered, purified water may
be used for drinking purposes while other sources of water may be
used for other purposes
• Establishing sewer connections and treatment plants that collect
waste , produce fertilizers and generate electricity
• Facility for rain water harvesting and subsequent recharge of
• Defecation in open to be banned in rural as well as urban areas.
• Regular check on TDS level of potable water
• Involvement of women in water-supply activities by identifying women’s
groups and movements at all levels and incorporating their views into
community-level water-harvesting, recycling, saving and purifying, and
• Provision of Small reverse osmosis devices, in communities, that regularly
produce 7 litres of water from any type of water
• Increased use of small scale n cost effective ways to filter water such as
solar disinfection method n mud-pot filtering system.
A contrast- proposed reforms
and existing policies
Under the R n D Dept. Of Rajiv Gandhi National Drinking Water Mission,
improvements in distribution network of water supply projects for reducing
water losses including unaccounted losses were to be made. However, our
proposed policy suggests introduction of waterless toilets, which will result in
no water loss.
At present, the BPL card holders are only benefited with subsidy on food
supplies. The new reform suggests to cover sanitary products such as toiletries
and sanitary napkins under the subsidy.
As of now,60% of sewage water gets untreated and hence , wasted . It can be
utilized for other purposes like gardening, car washing , coolant in industries
etc. By further advancements in technology , sewage water can be used to
generate electricity also.
ROLE OF MANAGEMENT TEAM
-TO ASSIGN RESPONISBILITES TO ALL DEPARTMENTS
-EVERY DPTT. SHALL REPORT TO THE MANAGEMENT ON MONTHLY BASIS REGARDING THE WORK PROGRESS
-TO MAINTAIN A CORDIAL AND EFFICIENT WORKING ATMOSPHERE.
GENERATE A REPORT FOR THE SAME.
-MANAGEMENT TEAM WILL HAVE REPRESENTATIVES FROM STATE GOVT. WHO WILL BE ACCOUNTABLE TO REPRESENTATIVES
TO CENTRAL GOVT.
• BUILD A LARGE
LOCALS OF THAT
• ASSIGNING ROLES
• INCULCATING IN
• MAKE IT
FOR PRINT AND
WAS TILL DATE A
• A MECHANISM
• TO REPORT THE
DPTT. SO AS
• ASSESS THE
•THIS TEAM WILL
•IT WILL ALSO
• REVIEW OF THE
OF THE ELECTRIC
ACTION PLAN FOR STAKEHOLDERS
• Water harvesting at home, schools
and community buildings.
• Removal of solids by sedimentation
• Inactivation of microorganisms by UV
radiation and thermal treatment
• Safe Drinking Water: The need, the
problem, solutions, and an action
• Water recycling at the microlevel,
including at homes, buildings and
• Saving water by ensuring taps and
pipes are not leaky and by using
optimum amounts of water for
washing and toilet flushing.
• Water to be purified by methods
suited to family conditions and needs.
• Maintaining proper levels of
sanitation at home.
Encouragement of political
commitment through effective policy
formulation, support for the
implementation of plans, and improved
• Support of local efforts and
community-based strategies for
addressing the issue. • Facilitation of
access to appropriate technologies.
• Development of legal and regulatory
frameworks for private industry and
• Devising of mechanisms that enable
governmental agencies to pursue
sanitation as a national priority,
including development of sanitation
policies and guidelines, and the
integration of hygiene education into all
water supply and sanitation projects.
PRIVATE INDUSTRY AND NGO’S
• Exchanging information among and
between industry and
nongovernmental organizations on
relevant and novel methods and
• Focusing on sociological factors that
may have an impact on the most
suitable technologies and programmes
for a given region/ community.
• Ensuring equity in both services and
• Involving communities in all aspects
of water harvesting, recycling, storage,
purification and supply.
• Coordinating efforts among
governmental and intergovernmental
sectors for the purposes of achieving
harmonious processes and results.
IMPROVED SERVICES WILL LEAD TO LESS
MORBDITY AND MORTALITY FROM WATER-
BANNING OF OPEN DEFECATION WILL LEAD
TO CLEANER AND HYGEINIC ENVIRONMENT.
CLEAN WATER AND IMPROVED SANITATION
ALLOWS THE MASSES ESPECIALLY WOMEN TO
LEAD A MORE DIGNIFIED LIFE.
EFFICIENT WASTE UTILIZATION WILL LEAD
TO PRODUCTION OF FERTILIZERS AND BIOGAS.
AWARENESS GENERATED IN PEOPLE TODAY
WILL SET A BASE FOR THE GENERATIONS
AHEAD TO ESSENTIALIZE PROPER SANITATION
AND CLEAN DRINKING WATER.
EFFICIENT UTILIZATION OF NON-POTABLE
WATER AS A RESULT OF SEWAGE WATER
PUBLIC TOILETS,ONCE SETUP,WILL
SUSTAIN LONG WITH REGULAR
MAINTAINACE CHECKS PROPOSED IN THE
CONSTRUCTION WORK WILL GENERATE
EMPLOYEMENT, HENCE WILL ENCOURAGE
MORE PARTICIPATION IN SUSTAINING THE
MAINTAINACE OF OUR TREATMENT PLANTS
AND OTHER CONSTRUCTIONS.
SURVEY OF ACCESSIBILITY OF THE
SCHEME AND MAPPING OF AREAS
OUTPUT MEASUREMENT OF
SCALABILITY OF THE
IMPACT OF PROPOSED
CHALLENGES AND MITIGATION..
• INADEQUATE EXPOSURE,EXISTING
MINDSET-BELIEFS AND MYTHS.
• COMMUNITY SENSITIZATION AND
• NEED FOR TRAINED AND SKILLED
• AFFORDABILITY OF SANITATION
• EXTENT OF “POLITICAL COVER”
• LOCAL CLIMATIC CONDITIONS
• TOPOGRAPHIC LIMITATIONS.FOR
INSTANCE,BUILDING OF SEWAGE
TREATMENT PLANTS ON HILLY
• WASTE DISPOSAL
EXPOSURE PROVIDED THROUGH
PRINT AND e-MEDIA
CONDUCTION OF TRAINING
WORKSHOPS TO ENCOURAGE
PARTICIPATION OF THE LOCALS
RAIN WATER HARVESTING IN
REGIONS WITH LOW ANNUAL
ADOPT ALTERNATIVE SEWAGE
DRAINAGE SYSTEMS IN HILLY AREAS
WITH CONSULTATION OF LOCALS.
VIGILANCE DPTT. UNDER THE
MANAGEMENT TEAM TO TAKE CARE OF
THE FINANCIAL CORRUPTION
REASONABLE INTEREST RATE ON
• Using Innovative, Low-cost Solutions to Provide Safe Drinking Water in India: India
• Indira Khurana and Romit Sen, WaterAid Drinking water quality in rural India: Issues
• Prof. Subir Paul, Emerging Challenges in ‘Water and Sanitation’ Problems and the
Need for Appropriate Human Resource Development Institute of Town Planners, India
Journal 8 - 1, 73 - 89, January - March 2011
• C.Ramachandraiah, Right to Drinking Water in India - Working Paper No. 56
• May, 2004 CENTRE FOR ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL STUDIES
• Adi Narayan, Extra Food Means Nothing to Stunted Kids With Bad Water: Health Jun
• NATIONAL WATER POLICY (2012) Government of India Ministry of Water Resources
• Pavan Srinath, Think sanitation, not food security May 24, 2013
• National Water Policy - Wikipedia
• Report: The need, the problem, solutions and an action plan – Safe Drinking Water,
The World Academic of Sciences
• Gita Balakrishnan, The Sanitation Challenge, Compilation (Ethos) presented at the
Second FINISH workshop in Ooty, 8-9 April, 2010