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YouthChisels YouthChisels Presentation Transcript

  • TOWARDS CLEANER INDIA Providing safe drinking water and proper sanitation facilities to all TEAM DETAILS AMAN SINHA|KANNUPRIYA KALRA|PRABHAT KIRAN|SHRUTI RAWAT|VIBHATI AGGARWAL HMR INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT Swachh Bharat Yojana - The Quest for a Cleaner and Healthier India
  • LACK OF CLEAN DRINKING WATER AND POOR SANITATION FACILITIES HAMPER PRODICTIVITY, DEPRIVING INDIA OF 73 MILLION WORKING DAYS EACH YEAR 66% 0.20% 1% 1% 4% 12% 16% Health Impact of Inadequate Sanitation in India Diarrhea Malaria Globally, 2.5 billion people do not have access to a clean, safe toilet which is 37 % of the global population . A very low proportion of the rural Indian population in India has access to improved sanitation which implies that 70% of the rural Population does not have access to toilets “We shall not finally defeat AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria, or any of the other infectious diseases that plague the developing world until we have also won the battle for safe drinking water, sanitation and basic health care.” Kofi Annan, United Nations Secretary-General
  •  GENERAL LACK OF AWARENESS  INDUSTRIAL WASTE  WASTAGE OF WATER DURING TRANSPORTATION  POOR MAINTAINANCE OF CLEAN WATER RESOURCES  SOCIO ECONOMIC FACTORS LIKE POVERTY , CASTE AND GENDER DISCRIMINATION  CURRENT SYSTEM OF FINANCING SANITATION AND CLEAN DRINKING WATER IS FRAGMENTED BETWEEN CENTRAL AND STATE GOVERMENT  OVERPOPULATION “Lack of sanitation is detrimental not only to women's health and their dignity but also to their education, with one in four girls dropping out of schools as there are no facilities that they can safely access” CURRENT SCENARIO...
  • • Inculcating the necessity of basic sanitation in primary and secondary education curriculum • Use of Social, electronic and print Media - free broadcasting of informatory advertisements for a predefined time span to be made mandatory for private channels as a part of their CSR initiative. • To highlight the harmful effects of poor sanitation and drinking water by organizing street plays in distant locations of the country Dynamic awareness programs • Provision for subsidy on basic toiletries for BPL population. • Provision of ‘green points’ for the industries managing their industrial waste in a more efficient manner wherein they will get monitory tax benefits . • Sanitation loans for individuals and communities. Economic reforms • Including provision for providing clean drinking water to all under food security bill and hence ratifying Article 47 of the constitution. • Transferring the financial management responsibilities for providing clean drinking water and sanitation facilities from central government to state government. Legislative reforms
  • • Funding research to develop waterless , hygienic toilets that do not require a sewer connection or electricity • Ground breaking improvements in toilet designs, pit emptying , sludge treatment and new ways to recycle waste Transformative technologies • Construction of well maintained public toilets • Induction of dual water supply wherein filtered, purified water may be used for drinking purposes while other sources of water may be used for other purposes • Establishing sewer connections and treatment plants that collect waste , produce fertilizers and generate electricity • Facility for rain water harvesting and subsequent recharge of groundwater Construction • Defecation in open to be banned in rural as well as urban areas. • Regular check on TDS level of potable water • Involvement of women in water-supply activities by identifying women’s groups and movements at all levels and incorporating their views into community-level water-harvesting, recycling, saving and purifying, and supply initiatives. • Provision of Small reverse osmosis devices, in communities, that regularly produce 7 litres of water from any type of water • Increased use of small scale n cost effective ways to filter water such as solar disinfection method n mud-pot filtering system. Miscellaneous
  • A contrast- proposed reforms and existing policies Under the R n D Dept. Of Rajiv Gandhi National Drinking Water Mission, improvements in distribution network of water supply projects for reducing water losses including unaccounted losses were to be made. However, our proposed policy suggests introduction of waterless toilets, which will result in no water loss. At present, the BPL card holders are only benefited with subsidy on food supplies. The new reform suggests to cover sanitary products such as toiletries and sanitary napkins under the subsidy. As of now,60% of sewage water gets untreated and hence , wasted . It can be utilized for other purposes like gardening, car washing , coolant in industries etc. By further advancements in technology , sewage water can be used to generate electricity also.
  • MANAGEMENT TEAM OUTREACH /MEDIA FEEDBACK AND VIGILANCE TRAINING AND MAINTAINANCE FINANCE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CONSTRUCTION ROLE OF MANAGEMENT TEAM -TO ASSIGN RESPONISBILITES TO ALL DEPARTMENTS -EVERY DPTT. SHALL REPORT TO THE MANAGEMENT ON MONTHLY BASIS REGARDING THE WORK PROGRESS -TO MAINTAIN A CORDIAL AND EFFICIENT WORKING ATMOSPHERE. GENERATE A REPORT FOR THE SAME. -MANAGEMENT TEAM WILL HAVE REPRESENTATIVES FROM STATE GOVT. WHO WILL BE ACCOUNTABLE TO REPRESENTATIVES TO CENTRAL GOVT.
  • • BUILD A LARGE NETWORK OF SKILLED VOLUNTEERS DRAWN AMONG STUDENTS,PROFES SIONALS AND LOCALS OF THAT AREA. • ASSIGNING ROLES TO VILLAGE HEADS ,CIVIC BODIES AND TRAINED PEOPLE FOR MANTAINANCE PURPOSES • INCULCATING IN CURRICULUM,TH E IMPORTANCE OF CLEAN DRINKING WATER AND SANITAION FACILITIES. • MAKE IT MANADATORY FOR PRINT AND ELECTRONIC MEDIA TO BROADCAST AWARENESS CLIPPINGS ON THIS ISSUE,WHICH WAS TILL DATE A RESPONSIBILIY OF PUBLIC MEDIA. • A MECHANISM FOR FEEDBACK AND SURVEY FROM THE STAKEHOLDERS AND THE VOLUNTEERS THAT SHALL ENCOURAGE BETTERMENT OF REFORMS AND MAINTAINANCE OF EXISTING POLICIES. • TO REPORT THE LEGITIMATE FEEDBACKS TO THE MANAGEMENT DPTT. SO AS SUITABLE ACTIONS COULD BE TAKEN • NATIONAL GOVERNMENTS CAN ALLOCATE FUNDS TO SANITATION AND HYGIENE EDUCATION AND ENSURE THEIR INCLUSION POVERTY ALLEVIATION STRATEGIES AND BUDGETARY ALLOCATIONS • ASSESS THE EFFECTIVENESS OF DIFFERENT PUBLIC SPENDING PROGRAMMES ON INCREASING ACCESS •ENTREPRENEURS CAN WORK TOGETHER AS PARTNERS TO DEVELOP APPROPRIATE SANITATION AND HYGIENE TECHNOLOGIES AND SERVICES. •THIS TEAM WILL ALSO •IT WILL ALSO WORK TO IMPROVE EXISTING PRODUCTS ACCORDING TO THE STAKEHOLDERS DEMANDS. •K • ESTABLISHMENT OF ADEQUATE AND NECESSARY INFRASTRUCTURE TO FACILITATE PROPER SANITATION AND WATER AND SEWAGE TREATMENT. • REVIEW OF THE REGISTRATION OF A LICENSED BUILDER. • MANAGEMENT OF THE ELECTRIC EQUIPMENT INSPECTION. TRAINING AND MAINTAINAN CE OUTREACH DPTT. FEEDBACK AND VIGILANCE DPTT. FINANCE DPTT. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPEM ENT DPTT. CONSTRUCTI ON DPTT.
  • ACTION PLAN FOR STAKEHOLDERS INDIVIDUALS AND COMMUNITIES • Water harvesting at home, schools and community buildings. • Removal of solids by sedimentation • Inactivation of microorganisms by UV radiation and thermal treatment • Safe Drinking Water: The need, the problem, solutions, and an action plan • Water recycling at the microlevel, including at homes, buildings and communities. • Saving water by ensuring taps and pipes are not leaky and by using optimum amounts of water for washing and toilet flushing. • Water to be purified by methods suited to family conditions and needs. • Maintaining proper levels of sanitation at home. GOVERNMENT Encouragement of political commitment through effective policy formulation, support for the implementation of plans, and improved budgetary allocations. • Support of local efforts and community-based strategies for addressing the issue. • Facilitation of access to appropriate technologies. • Development of legal and regulatory frameworks for private industry and NGO participation. • Devising of mechanisms that enable governmental agencies to pursue sanitation as a national priority, including development of sanitation policies and guidelines, and the integration of hygiene education into all water supply and sanitation projects. PRIVATE INDUSTRY AND NGO’S • Exchanging information among and between industry and nongovernmental organizations on relevant and novel methods and strategies. • Focusing on sociological factors that may have an impact on the most suitable technologies and programmes for a given region/ community. • Ensuring equity in both services and benefits. • Involving communities in all aspects of water harvesting, recycling, storage, purification and supply. • Coordinating efforts among governmental and intergovernmental sectors for the purposes of achieving harmonious processes and results.
  • IMPROVED SERVICES WILL LEAD TO LESS MORBDITY AND MORTALITY FROM WATER- RELATED DISEASES BANNING OF OPEN DEFECATION WILL LEAD TO CLEANER AND HYGEINIC ENVIRONMENT. CLEAN WATER AND IMPROVED SANITATION ALLOWS THE MASSES ESPECIALLY WOMEN TO LEAD A MORE DIGNIFIED LIFE. EFFICIENT WASTE UTILIZATION WILL LEAD TO PRODUCTION OF FERTILIZERS AND BIOGAS. AWARENESS GENERATED IN PEOPLE TODAY WILL SET A BASE FOR THE GENERATIONS AHEAD TO ESSENTIALIZE PROPER SANITATION AND CLEAN DRINKING WATER. EFFICIENT UTILIZATION OF NON-POTABLE WATER AS A RESULT OF SEWAGE WATER TREATMENT. PUBLIC TOILETS,ONCE SETUP,WILL SUSTAIN LONG WITH REGULAR MAINTAINACE CHECKS PROPOSED IN THE SOLUTION. CONSTRUCTION WORK WILL GENERATE EMPLOYEMENT, HENCE WILL ENCOURAGE MORE PARTICIPATION IN SUSTAINING THE MAINTAINACE OF OUR TREATMENT PLANTS AND OTHER CONSTRUCTIONS. ANNUAL/QUARTERLY HEALTH REPORTS SURVEY OF ACCESSIBILITY OF THE SCHEME AND MAPPING OF AREAS AFFECTED. OUTPUT MEASUREMENT OF TREATMENT PLANTS. SCALABILITY OF THE SOLUTIONS IMPACT OF PROPOSED SOLUTIONS SUSTAINABILITY OF PROPOSED SOLUTION
  • CHALLENGES AND MITIGATION.. • INADEQUATE EXPOSURE,EXISTING MINDSET-BELIEFS AND MYTHS. • COMMUNITY SENSITIZATION AND PARTICIPATION • NEED FOR TRAINED AND SKILLED ANIMATORS. AWARENESS AND SOCIAL CHALLENGES • AFFORDABILITY OF SANITATION LOAN • EXTENT OF “POLITICAL COVER” FINANCIAL AND POLICY CHALLENGES • LOCAL CLIMATIC CONDITIONS • TOPOGRAPHIC LIMITATIONS.FOR INSTANCE,BUILDING OF SEWAGE TREATMENT PLANTS ON HILLY TERRAINS. • WASTE DISPOSAL ENVIRONMENTAL AND DESIGN CHALLENGES EXPOSURE PROVIDED THROUGH PRINT AND e-MEDIA CONDUCTION OF TRAINING WORKSHOPS TO ENCOURAGE PARTICIPATION OF THE LOCALS RAIN WATER HARVESTING IN REGIONS WITH LOW ANNUAL RAINFALL. ADOPT ALTERNATIVE SEWAGE DRAINAGE SYSTEMS IN HILLY AREAS WITH CONSULTATION OF LOCALS. VIGILANCE DPTT. UNDER THE MANAGEMENT TEAM TO TAKE CARE OF THE FINANCIAL CORRUPTION REASONABLE INTEREST RATE ON LOANS MITIGATION FACTORS
  • References • Using Innovative, Low-cost Solutions to Provide Safe Drinking Water in India: India Knowledge@Wharton • Indira Khurana and Romit Sen, WaterAid Drinking water quality in rural India: Issues and approaches • Prof. Subir Paul, Emerging Challenges in ‘Water and Sanitation’ Problems and the Need for Appropriate Human Resource Development Institute of Town Planners, India Journal 8 - 1, 73 - 89, January - March 2011 • C.Ramachandraiah, Right to Drinking Water in India - Working Paper No. 56 • May, 2004 CENTRE FOR ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL STUDIES • Adi Narayan, Extra Food Means Nothing to Stunted Kids With Bad Water: Health Jun 13, 2013 • NATIONAL WATER POLICY (2012) Government of India Ministry of Water Resources • Pavan Srinath, Think sanitation, not food security May 24, 2013 • National Water Policy - Wikipedia • Report: The need, the problem, solutions and an action plan – Safe Drinking Water, The World Academic of Sciences • Gita Balakrishnan, The Sanitation Challenge, Compilation (Ethos) presented at the Second FINISH workshop in Ooty, 8-9 April, 2010