young15

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young15

  1. 1. Topic Boosting agricultural productivity Team Details Mohan Thakur Pradeep Karil Shubham Vijaywargiya Rahul Kumar Ankit Joshi 1
  2. 2.  Agriculture Sector is changing the socio-economic environments of the population due to liberalization and globalization.  About 75% people are living in rural areas and are still dependent on Agriculture. About 43% of India’s geographical area is used for agricultural activity.  Agriculture continues to play a major role in Indian Economy. INTRODUCTION 2
  3. 3. AGRICULTURE IN INDIA Total Geographical Area - 328 million hectares. Net Area sown - 142 million hectares. Gross Cropped Area – 190.8 million hectares. Net Irrigated Area – 56.9 million hectares.  Provides food to more than 1 billion people.  Produces 51 major crops.  Contributes to 1/6th of the Export Earnings. 3
  4. 4. INDIA IN WORLD OF AGRICULTURE Largest Producer of Milk, Cashew. nuts, Coconuts, Tea, Ginger, Turmeric & Black Pepper. Largest Cattle population-281 million. Second largest producer of Wheat, Rice, Sugar and Groundnut and Pulses. Third largest producer of Tobacco. Third largest in implementation of Mechanization. 4
  5. 5. 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 Rice Wheat Cereals Pulses Food Grains Oil Seeds 94.1 74.8 36.1 Production in Million Tonnes 219.3 27.2 340.3 5
  6. 6. MILESTONE -THE GREEN REVOLUTION  Acquiring more land area for cultivation purpose.  Expanding irrigation facilities.  Use of improved and advanced variety of seeds.  Water management.  Protection activities.  Implementation of better tools and techniques as a result of research.  Production increased 50% from 1967 to 1971 in jus four years. 6
  7. 7. STRENGTHS Rich Bio Diversity- 46,000 plant species and 86,000 species of animals recorded. Arable Land- 428 million acres cultivable land. Climate- Favorable all year around (Unlike USA, Europe and China where farming is possible only 5 to 6 months a year). 7
  8. 8. WEAKNESS Fragmentation of lands- Division of lands through generations lowers profit margins for farmers. Illiteracy- Impotent seeds, approach to moneylenders than to banks for loans. Lack of Technological Inputs- Bullock farming still prevailing. Poor Infrastructure-Unavailability of modern facilities to some farmers. 8
  9. 9. POPULATION SHARED Agriculture Manufacturing Services 60%19% 21%  Despite the decline in its share in population it still plays a major role in the socio-economic development of country. 81% 7% 12% IN THE YEAR 1978 IN THE YEAR 2012 9
  10. 10. OPPORTUNITIES Exports- Developing of Free trade agreements between India and other countries. Agro Based Industries- Machineries for Agriculture, Pesticides and Insecticides manufacturing Industries. Horticulture- Research and development for hybrid plants with more productivity and nutritional elements. 10
  11. 11. SUMMARY THE LITERACY LEVEL IN FARMERS HAS TO BE INCREASED. WE HAVE THE INFRASTRUCTURE ONLY LINKS ARE MISSING. SUSTAINABLE USE OF RESOURCES. GOVERNMENTS ROLE AS A FACILITATOR HAS TO BE INCREASED FOR BETTER PRODUCTION. 11
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