Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
YANSIMA6
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×

Saving this for later?

Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime - even offline.

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,834
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. FAIRNESS AT PLAY- Introducing electoral reforms to reduce the influence of money and muscle power in politics THE SPIRIT OF DEMOCRACY IS NOT A MECHANICAL THING TO BE ADJUSTED BY THE ABOLITION OF FORMS . DEMOCRACY IS SOMETHING THAT GIVES THE WEAK SAME CHANCE AS THE STRONG. “ ”MAHATMA GANDHI 1. TEAM NAME- YANSIMA6 PRESENTATION NAME- Conscience and power go hand in hand. Submitted by- Mansi Jaswal Prashastika Sharma Suswapna Kakoty Sweety Kumari Winnie Thakur Indraprastha College for Women, University of Delhi
  • 2. PROBLEMS IN OUR ELECTORAL SYSTEM* *Problems that we are attempting to tackle Pre elec p tions  use of black money for canvassing. illiterate/unqualified people contesting for elections  Lack of awareness among the youth. PRE-ELECTION PROBLEMS PROBLEMS DURING ELECTION POST-ELECTION PROBLEMS  Rigging & booth capturing.  people entering politics with the sole object of filling their coffers. 2.
  • 3. SOLUTION f 3. PRE ELECTION DURING ELECTION POST ELECTION  Transparency in party funding  minimum criteria: aptitude test  Awareness among youth  Finger print system  EC should compare the wealth of sitting MP/MLA and his family with the estimated wealth provided by him/her before he/she got elected.
  • 4. 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 earlier limit of exp. present limit of exp. proposed limit of exp. By various MPs (inlakhsRs.) HOW? POLITICAL PARTIES MUST PUBLICLY ACCOUNT FOR THE SOURCES OF THEIR FUNDS . COMPANIES AND BUSINESSES MUST BE PERMITTED TO MAKE DONATIONS TO RECOGNIZED POLITICAL PARTIES OUT OF AFTER TAX PROFITS. BY INCREASING THE LIMIT OF EXPENDITURE The basic idea is that it is better to uncover things than to ignore their presence. By and large almost all parties use black money during elections. This exercise can be curbed by allowing companies to legally fund these parties. 4. PRE- ELECTION REFORMS THE PROBLEM OF BLACK MONEY DURING CAMPAIGNING CAN BE DEALT BY BRINGING TRANSPARENCY IN PARTY FUNDING.
  • 5. Aptitude test MINIMUM ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA INTERMEDIATE PARTY NOMINATES 3 MEMBERS FROM EACH CONSTITUENCY SKILLS AND KNOWLEDGE INERVIEW APTITUDE TEST Graduate 12 pass 10th pass post grad Education level of MP’s in 2009 Lok Information from ADR • The 3 candidates shall sit for aptitude test •Candidates who pass the test will be eligible to contest the election, •However if more than 1 person gets through , then is up to the party to decide whom to ultimately nominate as their candidate PROCEDURE :
  • 6. Why youth voters? Youth voters are those voters in the age group of 18 to 25 years. Most of the voters in this age group are first time voters There is no formal or informal mechanism to prepare voters on how to exercise their democratic duties. Why this campaign?  To instil a sense of belonging among the youth.  To make them aware of their rights and duties  To enable them to indulge in quality discussions about the politics of country. Awareness campaign to reach out to youth voters using social media: Holding worksho ps in colleges NGOs can help to some extent in spreading awareness among the youth. Quiz apps on elections (regional and national) could be of some help. Competitions on this theme in education institutions and also at district level to make the voters esp. the youth aware. Political parties can hold workshops in colleges and other institutes about their agenda , etc. during the canvassing period. 6
  • 7. 1. Finger print system: This system can tackle the problem of booth capturing wherein multiple votes are casted by a single voter. FINGER PRINT SYSTEM Whichshall Compriseof Finger print reading machine Adhaar card reader WORKING: 1. Voter needs to put her Aadhar card in the Aadhar card reader machine. 2. Then imprint her fingers on the ‘fingerprint reading machine’. Voter must be allowed to caste vote when her fingerprint matches with that of the aadhar card. DURING ELECTION REFORMS 7
  • 8. SOLUTIONS TO POST-ELECTION PROBLEMS An intense survey should be conducted by EC to disclose the wealth of post holding candidate and his family before conducting next general election. This value should be compared with the earlier estimate of wealth that was taken before he/she was elected. This will not only help in keeping black money at bay but shall also prevent corrupt people to enter once again in politics. 8 An example
  • 9. CHALLENGES DIFFICUTY MIGHT BE FACED IN IMPLEMENTATION DUE TO EXISTING GOVERNMENTAL STRUCTURE. DUE TO CURRENT ECONOMIC CRISIS, SOME FINANCIAL CHALLENGES MIGHT BE FACED. RISK TECHNOLOGICAL ERRORS CAN LEAD TO INEFFECTIVENESS. ‘The problem is not the lack of law but the lack of strict implementation .’ 9.
  • 10. RESULT PROPOSED SOLUTION ITS ESTIMATED EFFECTS 1. NO TRANSPARENCY IN CAMPAIGNING FINANCES  HIGH LEVEL USE OF BLACK MONEY  RICH CANDIDATES GAINING GROUNDS POLITICAL PARTIES MUST BE MADE TO PUBLICLY ACCOUNT FOR THE SOURCES OF THEIR FUNDS.  BLACK MONEY IN PARTY FUNDING SHALL BE CURBED TO SOME EXTENT  TRANSPARENCY TO SOME LEVEL SHALL ALSO COME INT O PICTURE 2. ILLITERATE PEOPLE CONTESTING ELECTIONS PEOPLE WITH NO TECHNICAL KNOW- HOW ENTERING POLITICS MIN. CRITERIA FOR CONTESTING ELECTIONS SHOULD BE 12th AND THEN A COMPULSARY APTITUDE TEST MUST BE HELD. EDUCATED LEADERSHIP SHALL BE AN ASSET IN ITSELF FOR THE COUNTRY AS BETTER POLICIES SHALL BE FORMULATED. 3. MANUAL CHECKING OF VOTER ELECTION ID CARDS DURING ELECTIONS. CASES OF BOOTH CAPTURING IN FEW AREAS. FINGER PRINT SYSTEM CASES OF RIGGING AND BOOTH CAPTURING MAY DROP. THE TRIVIAL EXERCISE OF MAKING AND MAINTAINING VOTER IDs MAY NOT BE REQUIRED. 4.MANY PEOPLE ENTERING POLITICS WITH THE SOLE OBJECT OF FILLING THEIR COFFERS. HIGH LEVELS OF CORRUPTION EC SHOULD COMPARE THE WEALTH OF SITTING MP/MLA AND HIS FAMILY WITH THE ESIMATED WEALTH PROVIDED BY HIM BEFORE HE/SHE GOT ELECTED DROP IN CORRUPTION. PRESENT SCENARIO
  • 11. 11 Money power and politics have become synonymous. Lack of transparency in funding in our electoral democracy is making politicians corrupt and refused to be self accountable. Its time to end the lacunae and it’s the time for the republic of India to stand up.
  • 12. 12 BIBLIOGRAPHY a)- Association for Democratic Reforms. (2009). Lok Sabha Election Watch 2009 b) Election Commission of India. FAQ’s Contesting for Elections. Retrieved from http://eci.nic.in/eci_main1/Contesting.aspx c) Centre for studies of developing societies ,CSDS (library) and Pr. Sanjay Kumar d) Chhibber, M. (2013, March 26). Govt. blocks EC move to make party funding transparent. The Indian Express.