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  • 1. Providing clean drinking water and proper sanitation facility to all Team Details: Ashish Ranjan Bipul Kumar Kalyan Bhaskar Poojan Chokshi Rajiv Ranjan
  • 2. Global Status 1.6 million people die every year from diarrhoeal & cholera including 90% of them being children below 5 years of age 160 million people are infected with schistosomiasis 500 million people are at risk of trachoma leading to blindness in many cases 133 million suffering from high intensity intestinal helminths infections and there are around 1.5 million cases of clinical hepatitis A every year As per World Health Organization,  1.1 billion people have no access to any type of improved drinking source of water, and about 2.6 billion people doesn’t have even a simple ‘improved’ latrine, due to which :
  • 3. The Indian Story – Drinking Water Coverage & Impact Rural drinking water coverage – 72% Urban drinking water coverage – 91% An estimated $ 600 million of economic burden to country 1.5 million children are estimated to die of diarrhoea Around 37.7 million Indians are affected by waterborne diseases annually 66 million Indians are at risk due to excess fluoride and 10 million due to excess arsenic in groundwater 73 million working days are lost due to waterborne disease each year
  • 4. The Indian Story – Sanitation Coverage & Impact Rural sanitation coverage – 75.28% families have access to a toilet Urban sanitation coverage – 83.2% Nearly 600 million Indians are not able to fulfil their basic excretion needs with dignity and privacy Nearly 375,000 tons of faeces per day are currently being discharged untreated into nature especially into rivers Approximately 768,000 deaths a year are caused by lack of sanitation including that of 395,000 children The health-related economic impacts of inadequate sanitation was $38.5 billion in 2006 Annual economic impact of inadequate sanitation in India amounted to a loss of $53.8 billion in 2006. This implies a per capita annual loss of Rs.2,180
  • 5. Dimensions of Drinking Water Problem Dimensions Availability Quality Accessibility Dispensing Technology
  • 6. Proposed Solution – Drinking Water Dimension Proposed solution Impact Challenges & Mitigating Factors Availability Mobile water ATM in line with concept by “Sarvajal” • Availability of drinking water to remotely located areas • Challenges: Financing • Proposed solution: Through self-help groups Rain Harvesting • Conservation of rain water for drinking purpose • Challenges: Infrastructure • Proposed solution: Through govt supported schemes Check Dams in Villages • Conservation of rain water drinking purpose • Challenges: Infrastructure • Proposed solution: Through govt supported schemes Behavioral Training for conservation • Understanding about the value of each drop of water • Challenges: Initial Restrain • Proposed solution: Training at school level to children and at block and panchyat level also
  • 7. Proposed Solution - Drinking Water Dimension Proposed solution Impact Challenges & Mitigating Factors Quality Use of innovative solution like “Lifestraw” • Filters up to 1,000 liters of water • Removes 99.99% of waterborne bacteria • Removes 99.9% of waterborne protozoan parasites • Reduces turbidity, filtering down to 0.2 microns • Challenges: Financing • Proposed solution: carbon-offset system to earn income, via carbon credits Behavioral training for safe use of available water • Availability of contamination free potable water • Challenges: Restrain • Proposed solution: Training at school level to children and at block and panchyat level also
  • 8. Proposed Solution - Drinking Water Dimension Proposed solution Impact Challenges & Mitigating Factors Accessibility / Dispensing Technology Use of innovative solution like “Water ATM” & “Mobile Water ATM” using solar power pioneered by Sarvajal • Safe drinking water can be fetched to remote places • At least one water ATM within 0.5 KM would make safe water accessible to everyone • Dispensing of safe drinking water through smart card • Challenges: Financing • Proposed solution: Franchise run business in local community and carbon-offset system to earn income, via carbon credits
  • 9. Proposed Solution - Sanitation Dimension Proposed solution Impact Challenges & Mitigating Factors Availability of Infrastructure / Behavioral Training Community toilet and Mobile toilet especially for smaller population • Availability and access of toilet to everyone within reach • Employment to local people in the form of self help group • Challenges: Sustaining the idea • Proposed solution: - Using waste generated for energy production such as bio-gas and earning income through carbon credit - Convertingthe waste into organic fertilizer for generatingincome Creationof hand washing facility in schools & other locations such as panchayat and appropriate sanitation training • Simple hand- washing with appropriate sanitation training can greatly alleviate the disease burden, reducing water- born deaths by 45%. • Challenges: Communicating the idea • Proposed solution: - Campaign - Training at schools and other places like panchayats - Involving young volunteers from colleges
  • 10. References • http://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/mdg1/en/ retrieved on 1st September’2013. • http://www.ddws.nic.in/OnlineMonitoring/indexframeset.htm retrieved on 1st September’2013. • Report of the Working group on Urban Development, 2006, Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India. • http://www.mdws.gov.in/sites/upload_files/ddws/files/pdf/2011- 12%20Final%20Annual%20Report%20%28English%29.pdf retrieved on 1st September’2013. • http://eartheasy.com/lifestraw retrieved on 2nd September’2013. • http://milaap.org/the-need-sanitation?gclid=COu67_eMsbkCFfF24godtk0ACw retrieved on 2nd September’2013. • http://www.wsp.org/sites/wsp.org/files/publications/WSP-esi-india.pdf retrieved on 2nd September’2013.