2. 0 10 20
GROWTH GDP & MAJOR SECTORS (in %)
*2012-2017 XII Plan (TARGET-1)
Agriculture and allied sectors contribute
nearly 22 per cent of Gross Domestic Product
(GDP of India) while about 65-70 per cent of
the population is dependent on agriculture for
About 50% of India's geographical area is
used for agricultural activity
Agriculture in India can be broadly classified
into crops, livestock, and agro-forestry.
and the major
3. d. POOR STORAGE OF PRODUCE
a. IMPROPER UTILIZATION OF
Over-utilization of resources like water and
land leads to pressure on the existing
resources . With time it leads to decline in
Increasing market needs push farmers to
maximize their output per area. Very less is
given to the replenishment.
A farmer with a large landholding receives
more benefits and subsidies from the
government than a small land-holding or a
landless farm labourer.
Due to undue influences, muscle and money
power, the not-so-needful largely receive the
benefits that were intended for the poor
people. It leads to exploitation of resources
on many levels.
Profit gained by the retailer does not
percolate to the producer in fair
Lack of incentives and benefits when the
profits are not shared equally leads to
disinterest among farmers in growing that
particular crop and moving on to cultivate
cash crops that might fetch them better
A large portion of the surplus produce becomes
unfit for consumption and goes waste due to
improper transport and storage.
There is production but no quenching of
demand. The wholesaler (or govt.) buys from
producer doesn’t receive benefits since the
produce does not reach the consumer. Sums
up to debts and feeble investment.
4. USING GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEM (GIS) and other INFORMATION AND
COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT)TOOLS to use geo-spatial and socio-economic
data, data from remote sensing and surveys to have a more area-specific
sustainable and eco-friendly approach to solve the problems regarding agricultural
productivity at hand.
A computer tool for managing geographic feature location
data and data related to those features.
Designed for the collection, storage and analysis of
objects and phenomena where geographic location is an
important characteristic or critical to the analysis.
It facilitates storage of data in an easily accessible digital
format enables complex analysis and modeling not
Spatial data clubbed with attribute data enables GIS to
be an effective problem solving tool.
6. • The e-Governance and other already
existing kiosks in states like Gujarat can
be remodeled and used for this
• Government broadband and
telecommunication services can be
used for all data collection,
transfer,processing, analysis and
• Bank loans can be taken
• Government and NGO aid
can be sought to meet the
7. Financialresourcesrequired Software
Cloud computing--- can’t be
judged without knowing
Buying the software
maintenance, salary to
Hardware (Workstations, Data digitizers, GPS data logger, web servers, et
Software (Application packages and add-ons)
Data, (Attribute and spatial data) and
People (those skilled at using GIS software)
8. 1. IMPACT OF THE PROPOSED SOLUTIONS can be felt by conducting surveys after implementation
in the areas and the comparing it to the state that existed prior to the implementation.
Net profit and yield are the direct parameters that reflect the effects.
Indirect factors like physical and mental well being of farmer indicate the effects.
• Can be applied on a Panchayat level.
• Can be scaled to the block level.
• Can not be scaled to be applied to larger areas due to financial and implementation-related
3. SUSTAINABILITY: This requires only a major one time investment and can incorporate the use of
several already existing resources. This makes this proposed model sustainable. The upgrades that
are constantly made are on the existing framework. So, new features can easily be implemented.
4. APPROPRIATE MONITORING MECHANISMS:
• Kiosk owners can monitor the kiosks effectively as they have direct incentives attached.
• A Project coordinator can be appointed in a region
• People appointed by the investing agency
• They can keep in check the functioning, staff, up gradation and other standards of the kiosk.
9. • Identification of crops and estimation of
area and production of short duration
crops grown in fragmented land holdings.
• Forecasting of droughts/floods.
• Detection of crop stress due to nutrients,
pests and diseases and quantification of
their effects on crop yield.
• Automation of land evaluation procedures
for a variety of applications using GIS
• Information on sub-surface soil horizons.
• Developing decision support systems for
management of biotic and abiotic stresses.
• More accurate yield models
• Estimation of depth of water in reservoirs
and quality assessment of ground water.
• Watershed development plan at the micro
• Use of remote sensing and precision
farming technologies in intercropping,
multiple cropping etc
• Extending the reach of GIT to the rural
poor and finding people skilled enough to
work with GIT.
• Integrate the fragmented land
holdings into one . The resources
can be bought for the whole unit
rather than individually, to
minimize cost and other analysis
• Decentralizing the rural
government makes the
implementation of the proposed
• Develop better forecasting
• Detailed and extensive study of
soil compositions, physical
factors, and stress factors on the
• Proper assessment of water
• Making people aware of the
benefits of GIS and ICT tools and
encouraging their use
• Indian Economic Development, Textbook for class IX, NCERT
• Anderson Scott et.al., GIS Assists Public Health Campaign in Thailand,
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6, pp. 44-45
• Roy S. R. et.al. (2009), Geographical Information System: Providing New Dimensions To
Solution Methodologies in Modern Era, Proc., RAIT 2009 conference, ISMU, Dhanbad, pp
• Sinha J. et.al., (2002), Geotechnical study of an engineering project: A Geeomatic approach,
Proc., Map India conf. New Delhi, pp 49-55
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proc. The Asian GS conference, New Delhi, pp 145-147