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  • 1. Manthan Topic- Building Skillsets Team Detail- Coordinator- Ashish Dubey Member 1-Kuldeep Tiwari Member 2-Mayank Babele Member 3-Abhishek Mishra Member4-Ankit Jain
  • 2. Youth unemployment and underemployment is prevalent around the world because young people lack skills, work experience, job search abilities and the financial resources to find employment (United Nations, 2003; ILO, 2006; Matsumoto., 2012). In developing countries, this situation is exacerbated by poverty and the competitive pressures that result from a rapidly growing labour force. According to ILO’s GlobalTrends Report 2012 onYouth, nearly 75 million young people are unemployed across the world, which represents an increase of more than 4 million since 2007 (ILO, 2012). These challenges are evident in India, which has the largest youth population in the world with around 66 per cent of the total population under the age of 35. According to 2010 population figures, one in five young people in the world is an Indian 57% of Indian youth lack sufficient skill sets to be considered fully employable.  80% of the Indian workforce does not possess identifiable, marketable skills.  47% of Indian graduates are not employable in any sector of the knowledge economy. 1.2 crore people will join the job market every year, over the coming decade.
  • 3. More than half of India’s population is under the age of 25 and around 10 lakh people are expected to join the workforce every month. Around 75% of technical graduates and 85% of general graduates are unemployable.The lack of marketable skills hinder youth from securing gainful employment, thus preventing them from realizing their aspirations and becoming productive members of society.This also creates a chasm between the manpower requirements of the industry and the pool of skilled workforce that is available in the market, leading to reduced corporate profits, lower tax revenues for the government and lower overall economic output. In recognition of the importance of the youth employment challenge in India, the Prime Minister, Manmohan Singh, stated at the 44th Indian Labour Conference in February 2012, ‘Youth employment is a high-priority agenda item for our government.This can happen only if we equip our young people with skills that are required to meet the demands of our rapidly growing economy
  • 4. Economic Recession Welfare Payment Changing Technology Economic values Job Dissatisfaction Employee Values Population Increase Poor education As we know that the young people are a major resource for development, key agents for change and driving force for economic development and technology innovation.And in today's world the youth challenges is considered to be most critical challenge of the 21st century and mostly being an engineer, I saw that 75% of technical student are not fit for job, this is a very large percentage and this also not what Gandhiji wants' from Indian youth he wants' the army of doctors and engineers but for developing the country not become a burden on the country economy. just for this reason I have taken to develop this cause .
  • 5. Providing an overall developing kit at institutions will build the skills in youth and remove their problem of unemployment ODK Programme element There should be an Institutional Development Environment In institutional Development Environment Quality Motivation Institutional Building Mechanism Language skills Contd. This things should be improved
  • 6.  In QualityWhat to Improve? Quality of Education Quality Teachers Quality Students How can these three can be improved Student Engage: Project-Based Learning Connect: Integrated Studies Share: Cooperative Learning Expand: ComprehensiveAssessment Teachers Coach: Intellectual and Emotional Guide Learn:Teaching asApprenticeship Education Adopt:Technology Reorganize: Resources
  • 7. How Student can be motivated? Praise Students inWays Big and Small Recognize work in class, display good work in the classroom and send positive notes home to parents, hold weekly awards in classroom, organize academic pep rallies to honor the honor roll, and even sponsor aTeacher Shout out section in the student newspaper to acknowledge student’s hard work. Expect Excellence Set high, yet realistic expectations. Make sure to voice those expectations. Set short terms goals and celebrate when they are achieved Spread Excitement Like aVirus Show your enthusiasm in the subject and use appropriate, concrete and understandable examples to help students grasp it. For example, I love alliteration. Before I explain the concept to students, we “improve” subjects they’re interested in.After learning about alliteration, they brainstorm alliterative titles for their chosen subjects. Track Improvement In those difficult classes, it can feel like a never-ending uphill battle, so try to remind students that they’ve come a long way. Set achievable, short-term goals, emphasis improvement, keep self-evaluation forms to fill out and compare throughout the year, or revisit mastered concepts that they once struggled with to refresh their confidence. Contd..
  • 8. How Institutional Building Mechanism can be improved? Introduce vocational courses Language skills Soft skills Listing skills Interviewing skills Chivalry [Respect of women] Atticates At every institution there should be an Humanities Department where its major concern should be to develop language skills along with social skills .
  • 9. The impact of ODK Program will be as follows: It will be helpful in developing 57% of Indian youth lack sufficient skill sets to be considered fully employable.  80% of the Indian workforce does not possess identifiable,marketable skills. 47% of Indian graduates are not employable in any sector of the knowledge economy. 1.2 crore people will join the job market every year,over the coming decade. Around 75% of technical graduates and 85% of general graduates who are unemployable Quality of education will be improved drastically all over India. The problem of losing hope,lack of confidence,by Indian youth will be removed. Language skills will be developed in a tremendous manner
  • 10. Challenges and Risks Unemployed youth do not see the value of vocational education and prefer formal programs. Difficulty in integrating with government infrastructure and Institutions. Low literacy levels severely hamper efforts to promote employability among the youth.An estimated 27 crore people in India aged 15 years and over are illiterate. Poor levels of English and communication skills are major problems faced by a large section of youth in India.This also reduces the marketability of job-seekers in the services domain, which accounts for over 56.5% of India’s GDP. Lack co-ordination between the 17 different ministries that offer various skill development programs has undermined delivery of programs Academic standards are low in vast majority of the educational institutes. Sub-par academic standards lead to low quality graduates who have trouble securing employment. Placement of students will be a big challenge Mitigation Factors Advertising/ Awareness Campaign at a large scale. Tie-ups with placement agencies Tie-ups with industries for internships/ article ships Bringing in industry leaders/ NGOs for curriculum and training inputs Funding from other sources or self funded model via training fees. -Entrepreneurship-cell should be developed at every institution. Proper Fund utilization. Instead of short term profit the concern should be on long term gain. Capacity building
  • 11. TheYouth EntrepreneurToolkit Youth Employment and Unemployment in India report by- S. Mahendra Dev and M.Venkatanarayana Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research (IGIDR). ILO Asia-PacificWorking Paper Series-Youth employment and unemployment: an Indian perspective by Arup Mitra and SherVerick Reference: