Published on

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide


  1. 1. Team Details: College: Indian Institute of Technology Madras Team leader: Anwesh Pokkuluri Contact details: 9789058150 Other members: Adithya V S(9444203659), Aditya Gaonkar P, Avisek Barla, Dheeraj M N BUILDING BRIDGES A PROJECT TO EMPOWER THE PEOPLE OF NORTH EAST Manthan Topic : Sunrise states: Realizing the growth potential of the North East States
  2. 2. Need to bridge the divide State wise Contribution to India’s GDP Lack of people with the required job skills • Even though the literacy rating in North East are mostly above national average, employability is low • Lack of people with job specific skills • Poor condition of higher education in North East Lack of availability of jobs in North East • It is estimated that in 2011-2021 there will be only 2.6 million jobs for 17 million people • Brain drain from the North East to the rest of the country is draining its human resources 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 1.2 1.4 Arunachal Pradesh Assam Manipur Mizoram Meghalaya Nagaland Sikkim Tripura • North East contributes only 2.3% to India’s GDP even though it has 8% landmass • Exports from the region forms only 0.004% of India’s national exports • Has highest per capita spending by government among all Indian states • Development has not penetrated to all the states equally
  3. 3. Education, Enterprise and Tourism • Though literacy ratings are high in north east states, the employability is a problem due to lack of job specific skills and bad quality of higher education • Empowerment of youth has to come through providing them the required skill sets to work in the industry and providing them jobs simultaneously Setting up skill training institutes for improvement in higher education Improving entrepreneurship opportunities in north eastern states • Setting up online based skill imparting education system for job specific training • Providing short and specific 6 months to 1 year courses to build skills • Drawing volunteers from all over the country to build and maintain the online curriculum • Improving entrepreneurship ventures in the North East by heavy microcredit financing • Setting up self help groups in the North East in the to make use of microcredit for businesses Improving the tourism sector by local participation • Tourism in North East is not mass tourism but a niche person specific one • Locals have an opportunity to sell their merchandize and improve access to tourist attractive sites because of local knowledge
  4. 4. Empowerment through education Arunachal Pradesh Assam Manipur Mizoram Meghalaya Nagaland Sikkim Tripura 0 50 100 • Though the literacy rates in the North East are above average due to lack of higher education options, the employability of youths is very low • Youths in North East, who can afford it, opt for higher education in mainstream India • Many of the youths who seek education in mainstream India do not go back to the North East to work there – this results in brain drain from the North East to the rest of India • People there lack job specific trainingLiteracy % in NE states E-education to promote job specific training • To educate or provide job specific training to a lot of youths to make them employable – E service education could be launched with the help of NGOs and E-education based organizations like Khan Academy • Could maintain good degree of educational standard • Infrastructural cost is very low • If indigenized. It could be employed to promote local skills such as making handicraft items, promoting local entrepreneurship opportunities etc. Encouraging students from NE to study further • Promoting higher education among youths through scholarships schemes to higher extent • Make sure that these students have an obligation to work in the North East for few years – this is to stem brain drain from NE
  5. 5. Logistics of Empowerment • HRD ministry of each state will manage the skill development programme under the supervision of the Central govt ministry • The programmes will be translated into the vernacular languages for greater penetration • On a local scale, the logistics and location can be done by the panchayats or district taluks etc • Courses will be done on IT, industry working, Developing local skills such as handicrafts, hotel management, etc. • The experts from North East itself in fields of handicraft, arts and music could be approached to conduct classes and promote art in order to use them as tourist attractions • The programme could be expanded to the primary education sector where there is a dearth of local teachers – education could be more widespread and inclusive • Local enterprise and business setting training could be imparted • Online publicity and mobile based publicity can be carried out • Real success stories should be put forward for people to get encouraged Expansion and Publicity Course logistics Beneficiaries
  6. 6. Empowerment through Entrepreneurship 0 5 10 15 Arunachal Assam Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Tripura Sikkim Rural:2009-10 Rural:2004-05 Unemployment in rural regions of NE states 0 20 40 Arunachal Assam Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Tripura Sikkim Urban:2009-10 Urban:2004-05 Unemployment has been on the rise in the North East during the past years – and the trend continues Proposed solution: • Encourage entrepreneurship and small scale industries through microcredit financing • Organize people into Self Help Groups(SHGs) and help them obtain loans from Cooperative Banks • Make them aware of government programs for funding of small scale businesses Targets set • Developing 50 lakh small scale enterprises through microcredit modelling the Grameen Brank in Bangladesh • Helping people organize into 10 lakh SHGs and obtain loans and access government funds without collateral and to set up businesses – along the lines of Kudumbasree in Kerala Advantages of this model Unemployment in urban areas of NE states • Government of India has multiple programs to help people set up their own businesses – increasing awareness and access to them will help people benefit from them • It will provide the youth a means of employment as they work in their own enterprise or in a home grown enterprise • As higher education in the previous model is combined with the development of industry – the development will be wholesome and inclusive
  7. 7. Microcredit and Entrepreneurship • Provide credit to members in groups of five without collateral, to set up businesses • Women will be encouraged to take up loans as it is a fact that a greater portion of their incomes will go to the upbringing of their families • Repayment of loans will be the duty of the group as such – if loans are not repaid by even a single person, the entire group is disqualified from availing further services from the bank • Bank offers various projects or businesses for which it directly provides infrastructural and logistical support – such as local handicraft industry, animal husbandry etc. • This microcredit system will be modelled around the Grameen Bank model implemented in Bangladesh • Providing loans to groups will ensure high rate of repayment due to peer pressure – this was observed as such when implemented by Grameen bank – rate of repayment is 98% • Women will be the main target of loans – this will ensure their and their families’ empowerment – 97% of the Grameen bank borrowers are women , and as a result the living standards of these families have improved to a great extent • Paperwork would be minimized to the maximum extent and the bank would be run on mutual trust – this was a major reason in the increase of penetration of this scheme among the illiterate and the rural population Proposed model Details of the model Logistics • An organisation made of locals to help organize self help groups and maintain interaction with locals and tribals gain access to banks and loans • They would also help people gain access to numerous Government Schemes that promote business in the North East • Members of this organization with the help of Entrepreneurship promoting NGOs in India would help people in setting up custom project and businesses that the bank has to offer • Volunteers from this organization will make sure that self help groups work, meet and pay their loans back regualrly
  8. 8. Exploring Paradise: Tourism Current Scenario • Share of these states in both Indian and Foreign tourist arrivals is not even 1% each • States like Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura tourism is growing due to lifting of permit raj but they still exist in the other states • Due to rather wild terrain tourism in the North East has more viability than large scale industries • This if carried out properly could also result in maintaining the environmental sanctity of the place • Talks have been on for converting the North East into the Switzerland of the East. Though viable, has not taken place Potential • States have tremendous potential for tourism due to mountainous terrain, rich and unique in the whole world • Heavy potential as many places are considered as “ World Heritage Sites” by UNESCO • Adventure tourism has a lot of possibilities as terrain is very suited for this kind of activity
  9. 9. Benefitting Locals Local centric tourism development • The business opportunities being worked upon through the microcredit route could be targeted at developing tourism infrastructure • Tourism can promote local infrastructure, handicraft industry and the local economy as a whole • Locals have to properly equipped with business knowledge and opportunity to set up business through financing to cash in on tourist inflow Emphasis on Niche tourism • The terrain and the fragile ecosystem of the North East is not suited for mass tourism – hence a very targeted, specific approach has to be chosen • The Sikkim model could be adopted in this scenario – in which targeted tourism promoting has resulted in the economy of the state booming to more than four times its earlier size in a decade Availing government infrastructure There exists a North East Industrial and Investment Promotion Policy with the following fiscal incentives: 1) Hotels, adventure sports and leisure sports 2) 2) Training in hotel management , catering etc. This can be extended to handicrafts training, developing forms of local art lke dances, music etc. to exhibit the local culture
  10. 10. SWOT analysis Strength Opportunities • Custom made for N-E • Sustainable model • Can end problems like Insurgency, brain drain by providing employment locally • Self reliance coming from entrepreneurship • Women empowerment • Economic and social well being of families • Inclusive growth Weakness • Reliance on bureaucracy • Local resistance • Lack of big industries giving short term growth Threats • Lack of motivation • Connectivity and infrastructure can be a problem and may cause delays
  11. 11. Appendix • References • Census of India report 2011 – Government of India • Glimpses from the North East – National Knowledge Commission Report Book on North East India • North East India blog • Website of the Ministry for the Development of the North East Region • Invest in Manipur ( Website ) • North East India – NER Data Bank -