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  • 1. Institute: International Institute of Information Technology
  • 2. What is Research? Research and Development(R&D) • Creative work to increase the stock of knowledge to devise new applications. Basic Types of Research • Scientific Research: Provides scientific information and theories for the explanation of the nature and the properties of the world. • Research in the humanities: Involves different methods such as hermeneutics and semiotics. • Artistic research: Practice-based research can take form when creative works are considered both the research and the object of research itself. Other Points: Research is not limited to a scientist working in a laboratory. The word “jugaad” also is a part of research and innovation. Any creative work even at local level which can help improve the life of people is also an innovation or research. Problems associated with Promoting Research in India 1. Poor Research Infrastructure: The Universities in India, in spite of grants from the Government lack state-of-the-art tools and machineries. 2. Low industry-to-lab linkages result in unviable or unutilized research: Course content is obsolete. Content is updated after a long time. Students are not exposed to new development in technology. 3. Social: The perception of research in our country is not one of respect and honour in the society. The perception of research in society has to change in order to encourage research in society. 4. Problems with Education: • No encouragement to make children curious at root level. • Failure to keep pace with the development. • Failure to provide students with the right role models to inspire them in research.
  • 3. Proposed Solution  Advertisements - Highlighting outstanding research, researchers, competitions  Government announce more research awards to promote research in all areas. Social  Encourage foreign students to pursue education in existing Indian Institutes: Countries like the USA raise money for education by allowing foreign students to gain quality education in their existing Universities. We fail to leverage the standing of IITs which offer quality technical education at the Undergraduate levels.  FDI in universities. School Level  Invite role models as guest in schools  Government organize competitions that promote research by providing stipend, evaluated at regular intervals to ensure authenticity. Economic(Infrastructure)  Update course-curriculum.  Promote entrepreneurship skills. College level Admission Policy  Admission process of IIIT, Hyderabad for research streams includes interview.  Project work at school level should be considered.
  • 4. Implementation at Various Levels  The course curriculum and content at the undergraduate studies will be revised and made up-to-date.  Research at undergraduate level will be introduced.  One research course will be made compulsory in the penultimate and last year of the undergraduate studies.  Stake holders 1. All college students 2. Colleges 3. Business Market College level  Admission criteria for research students will be revised . It will take into account student’s 1. domain knowledge 2. practical knowledge 3. participation in research competitions and projects 4. cumulative analysis of previous performance.  More Interviews than exams.  Interviews would be domain specific in which the student has applied for admission.  Stakeholders : 1. Research pursuing students. 2. Research institutes Admission Policy Social Level 1. Advertisement on popular television channels:  Production cost : 2 lakhs  Advertisement cost in prime time on major channels : 5 lakhs 2. Advertisement on Social media sites :  Average Fan Cost : USD $5  Average Revenue : USD $10
  • 5. Implementation Economic Level  Attract foreign students to pursue higher education in India.  Add seats for foreign nationals in Educational Institutes in India like the IITs and IIMs & the fee for these seats must be higher than the ones for Indian Nationals. The money thus generated should be used to improve infrastructure.  The Stakeholders involved will be the Government Institutes like IITs that provide the education and the Foreign nationals that gain education.  Currently, the existing Institutions already have the infrastructure like hostels and messes that cater to the requirements of the student of the Institutes. The same can be utilised for the foreign nationals as well.  No extra financial and human resources are required for this process.
  • 6. Implementation Economic Level  Allow foreign universities to set up Campuses in India  Currently we see people going to countries like the USA and Australia to pursue higher education in different fields . By allowing quality Foreign universities to set up campuses in India, we can prevent this brain drain and encourage a healthy competition in higher education. The Government should however reserve the right to allow foreign universities to set up a campus in India and monitors their functioning in India.  The stakeholders involved are the government of India and the Foreign Universities that are willing to open foreign campuses in India.  In order to attract foreign Universities, the Government can, if possible, provide land at subsidised rates to open foreign campuses within the Country. The specifics could vary from university to university.  The human resources involved would require the setting up of a department that controls which countries are granted to open campuses in India. The Universities interested in opening campuses would submit their request to these departments. The department would then verify the applications based upon the following criteria:  Research Papers published by Faculties and Students.  Awards and recognition received.  Contribution to Industrial Research  Faculty to Student Ratio. The department will also monitor the quality of education within these institutions once they are set up and make sure they adhere to the outlines of the government.
  • 7. Implementation School Level •Government sponsored trips of distinguished lecturers to government schools . Private schools, in the face of competition from government schools, will soon follow their footsteps. •Presence of distinguished lecturers in government schools would boost the morale of the students. Also, a teacher from the school can be assigned the responsibility of managing the entire trip of the lecturer. A good feedback from the lecturer about the trip implies better chances of being re-elected for the same post. Teachers bearing the post are paid more than normal teachers. •Cost analysis: • Transportation Cost: 10,000 • Accommodation + Food: 5,000 •Government can solely sponsor the trip or increase the school fees a bit.
  • 8. Implementation School Level • Government announce and organize competitions at national level to inculcate research in young minds. • Competitions are well publicized in newspapers, television etc. • They address to all school going students. • The stipend to be provided to selected students is attractive. • Selected students undergo a rigorous periodic evaluation to ensure stipends are utilised to aid research and not any other goals. • Approximate expenditure per test centre: • Invigilators : Rs. 300 • Question papers: Rs. 300 OMR Evaluation: 20,000 Number of selected students = 2,500 Dispatch of results : 75,000
  • 9. Implementation School Level • Interview process expenditure (approx.) : • Panel Members (Accommodation + Food) : Rs. 10,000 Number of written test centres across country = 1,000 Invigilators per test centre = 20 Number of interview test centres across country = 30 Number of interviewers per test centre = 6 Number of awardees = 50 Stipend Amount = Rs. 24,000/year • Total expenditure = Rs. 89,66,000 • Sources of funding: One application form costs Rs. 500.
  • 10. Impact of our solutions SocialSchool Level  Allowing foreign students to study in Indian Institutions will help gather monetary support for research activities within the institutes.  Allowing foreign universities to open campuses in India would promote a healthy competition among educational institutes in the field of research. It would also mitigate brain drain to some extent.  The society will become aware about the contribution of research towards solving the problems they face.  More people would be encouraged to pursue research. Economic  Motivate students to pursue research.  This will also help in changing the image of research among students. College Level  Their education will be more relevant to the present time. They will be able to redirect the research efforts towards the current problems.  Entrepreneurship skills would be promoted to develop research into economic returns. Admission Policy  By changing the admission policy as proposed, we hope to provide opportunities to students who are motivated to pursue research in that particular field. This will help improve the quality of research.
  • 11. College Level & Admission Policy:  The educational institutes will be reluctant for revision in curriculum as well as admission policy.  Mitigation: • We need to deliberate with educational institutes & make them understand that the benefits of these policies will improve the quality of education in India. Social  Government doesn’t find it viable to promote research through advertisements on television channels.  Mitigation: • Alternative forms of ads that cost less like social media, etc. are still viable. Economic  In the short term, the move of allowing foreign universities to set up campuses, may not be well received by existing Indian Universities, however, in the long run, it hopes to improve the quality of education across all Indian Universities through healthy competition.  The image of India as a country unsafe for women might deter foreign nationals from coming to India. Challenges School Level  Government might not find it feasible to invest in research competitions. Challenges and Mitigation Factors
  • 12. References • http://blogs.nature.com/news/2013/03/india-fails-to-deliver-on-promises-to-boost-science- budget.html • http://www.deloitte.com/assets/DcomIndia/Local%20Assets/Documents/Whitepaper_on_R D_expenditure.pdf • http://battelle.org/docs/default-document-library/2012_global_forecast.pdf • http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/emerging-businesses/startups/budget-2013- hidden-rural-innovations-to-get-rs-200-crore-fund/articleshow/18784677.cms • http://jugaadtoinnovation.blogspot.in/2013/07/indias-research-output-quantity.html • http://www.dst.gov.in/whats_new/whats_new12/report.pdf