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  1. 1. Boosting Skill sets : Increasing the employability of youth
  2. 2. Introduction “Around the world, there is growing recognition of the need to strengthen policies and investments involving young people. Youth can determine whether this era moves toward greater peril or more positive change. Let us support the young people of our world so they grow into adults who raise yet more generations of productive and powerful leaders.” The sheer magnitude of the youth employment challenge has gradually penetrated the public’s awareness over the last decade, raising the profile of the issue before governments and policymakers. Increasingly there is a realization that the levels of youth unemployment are not simply a mirror of the business cycle, but a persistent structural issue that has distinct causes and requires distinct solutions that cut across fiscal, labor, social security, and education policies
  3. 3. Skill development: Government initiatives • The National Skills Development Corporation (NSDC) • Initiatives of Ministry of Rural Development • Ministry of Urban Development and Poverty Alleviation • Industry Initiatives • Private Sector Initiatives • NSDC and CBI joint Initiative • Research and Development (R&D) • International Collaborations:- 1.The UK India Skills Forum (UKISF) 2.The UK India Business Council (UKBIC) 3.Foremen Training Institute (FTI) Region-wise distribution of Industrial Training Institutes(ITIs) and Industrial Training Centres (ITCs).
  4. 4. Government works for skill development • Technology and Innovation • Enrichment of Knowledge base • Incentivizing R&D in Public and Private Sector • Improving Governance in S&T Institutions • University, industry, and Scientific Establishment Collaboration • Promoting Collaborations through Clusters • Supportive Financial System • Platform for Best Practices and Innovations • Improving the Flow of Technology • Intellectual Property Rights
  5. 5. Why are its importance for increasing the youth employability • Young people are a major human resource for development. • 57% of Indian youth lack sufficient skill sets to be considered fully employable. • 80% of the Indian workforce does not possess identifiable, marketable skills. • 47% of Indian graduates are not employable in any sector of the knowledge economy. • 1.2 core people will join the job market every year, over the coming decade.
  6. 6. Academic, technical and vocational parallel training structure/system in India.
  7. 7. What are the results of these program? 1993-1994 1999-2000 2004-2005 2009-2010 Not Attending 75.37 72.82 70.53 60.25 Up to Primary 1.17 1.05 0.63 0.48 Middle level 3.02 4.03 3.34 2.45 Secondary and above 20.44 22.11 25.50 36.83 Current Status of Students attending educational institutions:- 1993-1994 1999-2000 2004-2005 2009-2010 LFPR-All age groups 42.68 40.52 42.85 39.80 LFPR-15 to 24 52.80 49.06 49.56 38.80 Labor Force Participation Rate (% to Population) :-
  8. 8. Why are these program didn’t get success • Government or corporate do not see the viability of funding this model. • Unemployed youth do not see the value of vocational education and prefer formal programs. • Volunteer enrollment minimal and key profession groups show no interest. • Difficulty in integrating with government infrastructure and institutions. • Placement of students will be a big challenge. • Skill education gap between school level education and graduate level education. • Curriculum design and fit to industry needs a massive effort.
  9. 9. Solution for boosting skill sets • All India education pattern should be analytical based and same structure based. • PDP, Carrier councilor & training programs skill lectures are available on the school level same as college level. • Introduced the latest technology ,in the school level. • Make a strong volunteers network which cover all state according to its requirement. • Education system should be skill based not marks based.
  10. 10. Networks of volunteers Professionals Retired / Defense services Graduate students Rationale for choosing the group Have specific skills needed in the job market Long and distinguished work experience Easy to tap into by contacting major colleges Can impart relevant training through work experience Opportunity to work in voluntary engagements Opportunity to build their resumes and additional training skills Free during weekends Ample spare time Number More than 50 million IT and other services professionals More than 20 million retired executives Around 1 million graduates Potential skills imparted English proficiency Industrial operations, fabrication, apparels English proficiency IT and computer training English proficiency Computer and IT skills training Manufacturing skills training Computer training Web and mobile programming Retail and hospitality training Paramedical skills Small entrepreneurial ventures Cooking, culinary skills
  11. 11. Challenges and Mitigation Factors • Funding from other sources or self funded model via training fees. • Tighter integration with formal education. • Advertising/ Awareness Campaign. • Tie-ups with other vendors for providing venues and offline registration/ interaction channels. • Bringing in industry leaders/ NGOs for curriculum and training inputs. • Lack co-ordination between the 17 different ministries
  12. 12. Appendix • Unsettled Settlers: Migrant Workers and Industrial Capitalism in Calcutta • Report of the Special group on targeting 10 million opportunities per year, Planning Commission India 2002 • Skill Development in India, Vocational Education and Training System , Human