Boosting Skill sets : Increasing the
employability of youth
“Around the world, there is growing recognition of the need to strengthen
policies and investments involving young people. Youth can determine whether
this era moves toward greater peril or more positive change. Let us support the
young people of our world so they grow into adults who raise yet more
generations of productive and powerful leaders.”
The sheer magnitude of the youth employment challenge has gradually
penetrated the public’s awareness over the last decade, raising the profile of the
issue before governments and policymakers. Increasingly there is a realization
that the levels of youth unemployment are not simply a mirror of the business
cycle, but a persistent structural issue that has distinct causes and requires
distinct solutions that cut across fiscal, labor, social security, and education
Skill development: Government
• The National Skills Development Corporation
• Initiatives of Ministry of Rural Development
• Ministry of Urban Development and Poverty
• Industry Initiatives
• Private Sector Initiatives
• NSDC and CBI joint Initiative
• Research and Development (R&D)
• International Collaborations:-
1.The UK India Skills Forum (UKISF)
2.The UK India Business Council (UKBIC)
3.Foremen Training Institute (FTI)
Region-wise distribution of Industrial Training
Institutes(ITIs) and Industrial Training Centres
Government works for skill
• Technology and Innovation
• Enrichment of Knowledge base
• Incentivizing R&D in Public and Private Sector
• Improving Governance in S&T Institutions
• University, industry, and Scientific Establishment Collaboration
• Promoting Collaborations through Clusters
• Supportive Financial System
• Platform for Best Practices and Innovations
• Improving the Flow of Technology
• Intellectual Property Rights
Why are its importance for increasing
the youth employability
• Young people are a major human resource for development.
• 57% of Indian youth lack sufficient skill sets to be considered
• 80% of the Indian workforce does not possess identifiable,
• 47% of Indian graduates are not employable in any sector of
the knowledge economy.
• 1.2 core people will join the job market every year, over the
Academic, technical and vocational parallel
training structure/system in India.
What are the results of these
1993-1994 1999-2000 2004-2005 2009-2010
Not Attending 75.37 72.82 70.53 60.25
Up to Primary 1.17 1.05 0.63 0.48
Middle level 3.02 4.03 3.34 2.45
20.44 22.11 25.50 36.83
Current Status of Students attending educational institutions:-
1993-1994 1999-2000 2004-2005 2009-2010
42.68 40.52 42.85 39.80
LFPR-15 to 24 52.80 49.06 49.56 38.80
Labor Force Participation Rate (% to Population) :-
Why are these program didn’t get
• Government or corporate do not see the viability of
funding this model.
• Unemployed youth do not see the value of vocational
education and prefer formal programs.
• Volunteer enrollment minimal and key profession groups
show no interest.
• Difficulty in integrating with government infrastructure and
• Placement of students will be a big challenge.
• Skill education gap between school level education and
graduate level education.
• Curriculum design and fit to industry needs a massive
Solution for boosting skill sets
• All India education pattern should be analytical
based and same structure based.
• PDP, Carrier councilor & training programs skill
lectures are available on the school level same as
• Introduced the latest technology ,in the school level.
• Make a strong volunteers network which cover all
state according to its requirement.
• Education system should be skill based not marks
Networks of volunteers
Professionals Retired / Defense services Graduate students
Have specific skills needed in the
Long and distinguished work
Easy to tap into by
contacting major colleges
Can impart relevant training
through work experience
Opportunity to work in
Opportunity to build their
resumes and additional
Free during weekends Ample spare time
Number More than 50 million IT and other
More than 20 million retired
Around 1 million
English proficiency Industrial operations,
IT and computer training English proficiency Computer and IT skills
Manufacturing skills training Computer training Web and mobile
Retail and hospitality training
Small entrepreneurial ventures
Cooking, culinary skills
Challenges and Mitigation Factors
• Funding from other sources or self funded model
via training fees.
• Tighter integration with formal education.
• Advertising/ Awareness Campaign.
• Tie-ups with other vendors for providing venues
and offline registration/ interaction channels.
• Bringing in industry leaders/ NGOs for curriculum
and training inputs.
• Lack co-ordination between the 17 different
• Unsettled Settlers: Migrant Workers and
Industrial Capitalism in Calcutta
• Report of the Special group on targeting 10
million opportunities per year, Planning
Commission India 2002
• Skill Development in India, Vocational
Education and Training System , Human