Published on

Published in: Technology, Business
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide


  1. 1. RESEARCH POSTER PRESENTATION DESIGN © 2012 SAVE WATER – Don’t waste the world’s blood. TEAM DETAILS: Chayan Kishore Das Aakarsh Rastogi Rakesh Raman Sandeep Kumar Palo A . Ravi Naik Manthan Topic:Towards Cleaner India: Providing clean drinking water and proper sanitation facility to all
  2. 2. RESEARCH POSTER PRESENTATION DESIGN © 2012 • Out of 3% fresh water available over 2.5% is frozen, locked up in Antarctica, the Arctic and glaciers, and not available to man. • Thus humanity must rely on this 0.5% for all of man’s and ecosystem’s fresh water needs.  Every year, around 92% of the precipitated water is lost due to surface runoff, evaporation, etc.. GLOBAL SITUATION INDIAN SITUATION • India, which is home to 16% of the world’s population, has only 2.5% of the worlds land area and 4% of its water resources. KEY FACTS Out of the 1,869 TL of water reserves in the country, only an estimated 1,122 TL can be utilized due to topographic constraints and distribution issues. India’s current water consumption is approximately 581 TL, with irrigation needs accounting for a staggering 89%, followed by domestic use at 5% and industrial consumption at 6%. It is estimated that around 37.7 million Indians are affected by waterborne diseases annually, 1.5 million children are estimated to die of diarrhea alone and 73 million working days are lost due to waterborne disease each year. The resulting economic burden is estimated at $600 million a year.  Water scarcity will have spread further; India and China will continue to be the largest countries facing water stress Water, water everywhere but not a drop to drink…….
  3. 3. RESEARCH POSTER PRESENTATION DESIGN © 2012 • The water demand for the industrial sector is on a rise and will account for 8.5 and 10.1 %of the total freshwater abstraction in 2025 and there is 4 % rise from the current level of 6% of the total freshwater abstraction by the industries in 2010. • Surface water is the major source of water for the industries (41%) followed by groundwater (35%) and municipal water (24%). The use of municipal water is limited to industries located in urban/ peri- urban areas. Industrial Sector • India is projected to move into the category of water stressed nation by 2020. WATER USAGE  Domestic sector accounts for around 5% of the total water consumption.  Municipalities are facing problems in meeting the increasing demands of sprawling cities. Domestic sector  Lack of safe confinement and disposal of human excreta poses health risks .  1 in every 10 deaths in India in villages, due to poor sanitation and hygiene and Girls are often forced to miss school or even drop out of education. SANITATION Agriculture sector • Agriculture sector provides 26 percent of GDP and accounts for 1/6th of the total value of countries export. • Domestic food grain demand increases with population. • Demand for water intensive crops like wheat, rice are increases substantially. • Increase in wastewater discharge: Agri-based industries such as textiles, sugar and fertilizer are among the top producers of wastewater. Water, water everywhere but not a drop to drink…….
  4. 4. RESEARCH POSTER PRESENTATION DESIGN © 2012 There are several acts and programmes passed by Govt. Some of the key acts:  Inter State Water Disputes Act, 1956  Drought Prone Area Programme (1973)  The water (Prevention and Control of Pollution Act) 1974 Centrally Sponsored Rural Sanitation Programme 1986  Environmental Protection Act 1986  Setting up of National River Conservation Directorate 1995 National Water Policy 2002 E-Toilets ,called Desire provided by Kerala Govt. for sanitation. Recent proposal Indian Rivers Inter-link WATER ACT IMPLEMENTATION FAILURE  Government failed to solve many interstate water disputes.  Government Schemes have not reached to remote districts.  Irrigation through canal and availability of water reached to very few states.  Drought and floods are still prevalent in the country.  Industries are still not following the norms and acts set by laws.  Sanitation facility still not available in most of the villages.  The rivers described as bountiful, but now it become garbage dumps and around 600 km of Yamuna river is declared polluted to an extent that is irreparable .The DO(Dissolved oxygen) at nizzamuddin bridge is zero.  Illegally untreated waste is being dumped into rivers and canals defying the WATER act. But unlike Ganga or Yamuna, rivers likes Thames ,Danube , Murray-darling are cleanest . Life depends on water, the reservoir depends on you…..
  5. 5. RESEARCH POSTER PRESENTATION DESIGN © 2012 • The primary objective is to “RECYCLE OF WASTE WATER” Which can be used in other applications and to meet the discharge limits sets By Pollution Control Boards. • Nearly 80% of the industries surveyed have reported to have undertaken wastewater treatment and reuse in their companies • Using the treated wastewater for horticulture and gardening is the most preferred choice for the industries. A large percentage of industries (24%) use treated wastewater for industrial process like ash handling, washing of ore. e. INDUSTRIAL WASTE WATER MANAGEMENT AGRICULTURAL WATER MANAGEMENT • The primary objective is to preserve storage capacity through lakes, ponds reservoir etc. during the time of monsoon season. • Capitalization of educated human resources. • Different types of irrigation techniques should be implemented according to the geographical location • According to the depth of groundwater, we can cultivate different crops which absorbs water according to their need. • There should be drip and sprinkler techniques for better utilization of water. • There should be measurement of soil moisture to avoid wastage of drinking water. Save Water…..It’s not just a drop in the bucket
  6. 6. RESEARCH POSTER PRESENTATION DESIGN © 2012  India has a tropical climate, rain water harvesting is also a growing option for fresh water collection.  The water requirements of coastal cities with inadequate alternative sources of water by the adoption of new technologies such as low temperature desalination technologies that enable the use of ocean water.  If local participation is extensive, capital costs can be substantially reduced  The main objective is to Monitor integrated water resource management, and also enable more equitable distribution of water resources across and within states. DRINKING WATER MANAGMENT SANITATION MANAGEMENT  Around 2.6 billion people – 72% of whom live in Asia do not use improved sanitation facilities.  The focus here is on household sanitation, including the safe disposal of human excreta, as measured by household ownership of a sanitary latrine and household access to drainage facilities.  These are best methods to achieve the best outcome for a particular community.  Awareness and education  Health education and subsidized sanitation  Incentive-based sanitation  Integrated/holistic approaches  Social marketing  Community Led Total Sanitation  Water and Sanitation Users Groups It’s only good until the last drop, then What?
  7. 7. RESEARCH POSTER PRESENTATION DESIGN © 2012 DUAL WATER SUPPLY  From these figure , domestic sector treated water is used for drinking and household purpose  From Industrial sector, waste treated water is used for sanitation purpose. PROPOSED MODEL FOR USAGE OF DRINKING WATER HEIRARCHY FOR QUALITY OF WATER NEED From these scenario , we find that quality is decreasing while quantity is increasing day by day. Think outside the sink!!!!!
  8. 8. SANITATION PLANING Partnership with local NGOs •To bank on the network already established, we have tied up with local NGOs IEC Sessions •Half day sessions with villagers to educate them on sanitation using professional speakers as well as advanced audio visual material Personal visits and phone call follow ups •Leaders in the villages are reached to get the Parishudh initiative started in their villages. Door to door campaigns •To the households on the need of sanitation. Built prototypes •This is done by construction of a few toilets for early starters and have these stand as models of what the families will get in future. Collaboration with Government •Government needs to tighten implementation of laws on hygiene and sanitation.
  9. 9. DRINKING WATER PLANNING SMALL SCALE IMPLICATION Residential buildings to have sewage treatment and recycling 20 % water reduction mandatory for all industries SEZ –Green development mandatory Urban water and wastewater management Fiscal incentives provided for promoting water efficient technology. Water labeling concept should be implemented LARGE SCALE IMPLICATION Ground Water recharge Attention to over- exploited areas Watershed development Water tariffs to be revised. INTEGRATED WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT Water Foot printing : water auditing for all types of consumers. Incentivize recycling of water including wastewater
  10. 10. RESEARCH POSTER PRESENTATION DESIGN © 2012  Water pollution can be mitigated upto a certain extent.  Public health can be improved.  Woman exploitation can be avoided.  Literacy rate will increase.  Infant mortality rate and maternity rate can be improved.  Agricultural product will improve.  Economic and social status of persons will improve. IMPACT We classified water segment in five major verticals :  Water collection, harvesting, desalination and treatment  Water supply and distribution  Sewage and sanitation services  Other services includes using the treated wastewater for horticulture and gardening is the most preferred choice for the  Our major objectives is use treated wastewater for major sanitation program. IMPLEMENTATION CHALLENGES  National river linking itself is a challenge and after linking also. Diversification will create economic demand for more reliable, on- demand irrigation service for which farmers will be willing to pay substantially more than they pay for canal irrigation today.  The World's Most Polluted Places (Times survey) Sukinda, India. Number of people potentially affected: 2,600,000. Groundwater in Sukinda is believed to be contaminated with chromium. Sukinda, which contains one of the largest open cast chromite ore mines in the world, 60% of the drinking water contains hexavalent chromium.  Deep digging of water table causes Fluoride toxicity which is dangerous For human health.  In industrial area much of the ground water contains arsenic which is harmful for health. Don’t be a fool, cover your pool……
  11. 11. RESEARCH POSTER PRESENTATION DESIGN © 2012  Try to do one thing each day that will result in saving water. Don't worry if the savings are minimal every drop counts! You can make a difference.  Remember to use only the amount you actually need.  Form a group of water-conscious people and encourage your friends and neighbors to be part of this group. Promote water conservation in community newsletters and on bulletin boards.  Encourage your friends, neighbors and co-workers to also contribute.  Encourage your family to keep looking for new ways to conserve water in and around your home.  Make sure that your home is leak-free. Many homes have leaking pipes that go unnoticed.  Do not leave the tap running while you are brushing your teeth or soaping your face.  Avoid flushing the toilet unnecessarily.  When washing the car, use water from a bucket and not a hosepipe. SOCIAL AWARENESS We can store water in a variety of ways. A simple method is to place a drum on a raised platform directly under the rainwater collection source. You can also collect water in a bucket during the rainy season. Water awareness groups among social media networking sites like Twitter, Facebook are creating new trend among the social awareness groups. Donate fund for ongoing projects. Its not a solution to be found, it should be a RESOLUTION everyone should take Progress is Must But Environment is First
  12. 12. REFERENCES [1] Standing Sub-committee of Ministry of Water Resources, Development [2] Planning Commission, Government of India [3] Government of India, Ministry of Water Resources [4] [5] Drinking Water and Sanitation Status in India, WaterAid India, 2005 [6] ADB (Asian Development Bank). 2006. Model Terms of Reference: Planning Urban Sanitation and Wastewater Management /Water/tools/pdf/Planning-Urban-Sanitation-TOR.pdf [7] Mara, D. D. 1997. Design Manual for Waste Stabilization Ponds in India. National River Conservation Directorate, Ministry of Environment and Forest, Government of India,and Department for International Development, UK. [8] Planning Commission and Tata Strategic Analysis Infrastructure Today Issue Feb 2009. [9] [10]