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SarkarRaj16
 

SarkarRaj16

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    SarkarRaj16 SarkarRaj16 Presentation Transcript

    • Election Reforms In India POWER IS ACTION; THE ELECTORAL PRINCIPLE IS DISCUSSION. NO POLITICAL ACTION IS POSSIBLE WHEN DISCUSSION IS PERMANENTLY ESTABLISHED. Team Details:- Alekh Bansal Anish Aggarwal Ayush Srivastava Nikhil Kaira Piyush Mishra BIT Mesra
    • Scope:- • Disconnection of the youth from the established political process. • Prevailing dissatisfaction regarding the work being done by our elected political representatives. • Lack of credibility of a majority of the candidates who stand in the elections. Causes:- • Inherent negative mindset about politics and non involvement of youth. Hypothesis: Minimal involvement of nation’s most talented people in the politics of the country. • No parameters to check the legislative and executive prowess of a candidate. Hypothesis: Increase in nominations of non serious and proxy candidates. • Criminalization of politics – abuse of money and power. Hypothesis: a feeling of fear among the educated class to take up politics as a profession. • Lack of transparency in electoral funding and expenditures and electoral fraud. Hypothesis : Large amounts of illegal money flow into the election procedure. • No provision for re-election in case of dissatisfaction among the voters related to candidates. Hypothesis: The choice of candidates is in the hands of the party and not the voters. Percentage of MP’s facing Criminal charges In the 15th Lok-sabha, India has more than 14% MP’s with Serious criminal Charges
    • Preparatory Stage •Schools and colleges to be extensively involved in Leadership Grooming, Youth Parliament and Panel Discussion with Politicians. Colleges to have modules on policy making. Appeal to Patriotism. •A preliminary test to be conducted by Central Government, every 6 months- a prerequisite for contesting the elections at any level. •Politicians to retire from active politics at an age of 75 years(advisory step). Pre-Election Stage •Need to get the signature of at least 0.05% voters of the constituency. •Online asset declaration every six months, RTI compulsory for all political parties. •After filing for candidature, criminal background of every candidate to be checked. If accused with any heinous crime, a special investigation unit from CBCID will investigate the crime. If within 15 days ,any evidence comes to light, candidature to be cancelled. •“Donation under 20k INR, source not to be revealed” rule to be abolished. The limit of donation from a particular person to be set at 10,000 INR. Election Process •Implementation of Direct Recording Electronic Voting Machine(DRE) in high risk areas, the cross-check evaluation to be combined with data from Aadhar card and NPR(National Population Register). •Right to Reject will be implemented. If 2/3rd of the Voter Turnout gives neutral votes, Re- election in the constituency with a new set of candidates. •Public Opinion Forum shall be established, to encourage expression of public sentiment . The forum will be neutral to all parties, but free to debate upon the issues and policies being formulated by our ministers. Solution to the proposed Problem
    • Preparatory Stage Pre-Election Stage Election Process • Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs will co-ordinate with NGOs in order to implement the Youth Parliament and panel discussion schemes in schools/colleges. • 50 colleges and 50 schools will be selected demographically. These will act as centers where YP, and other political awareness sessions will be organized. • Graduate courses across the country will have a optional paper / module on policy making. • Election commission of India to set up 100 test centers across the country according to the population distribution and commission an examination team of 5 experts from fields of administration, legislature and judiciary per test center. • Verifying the declared Asset property of a candidate or Member by the Income Tax Department on a bi- annual basis. • Candidature only to those who can get the sign of 0.05% population of the constituency. • Increasing the CBCID staff and making special units for investigating the cases of heinous crimes(crimes against humanity) by the candidates. Priority will be given to Candidates of General Elections, 2014. • Parties will have to provide the details of every donation made along with the name of the person, transaction id number and mode of donation. These details will be provided to the Income Tax Department and Election • Identification of High risk areas, implementing the Aadhar Card policy in those areas. • Purchasing DRE technology from countries like Brazil. • Amendment to rule 49-O, of conduct of election rule, 1961 in which the right to no vote will be modified to “Right to Reject”. • Election Commission of India will invite social activists, people from administrative, judicial services and renowned economists, environmentalists etc. This team of 20- 25 people will in turn form a Public Opinion Forum(POF), which will express the public sentiments on various issues regarding a bill , policy and all matters of national importance.
    • Election Commission of India, Government of India Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs, Schools/Colleges , NGO's Income Tax Department, CB- CID, State and Local Police State and Local Police, National Population Register(NPR), UID Authority of India(UIDAI) Preparatory Stage Pre-Election Stage Election Process Central Management System Salient Features:-  Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs and NGOs will conduct various leadership and youth involvement programs at schools/colleges.  Income Tax Department will audit the assets of the Candidates. CB-CID, State and local police will investigate the accused Candidates.  State and local police will ensure free and fair elections. Aadhar will be Implemented in DRE(Direct Recording Electronic ) Voting machine with the help of NPR and UIDAI.  The various agencies of Election process will be directly answerable to Central Management System. STAKEHOLDERS at each stage
    • Preparatory Stage Staff required in leadership programs=1000 Staff required for preliminary test= 8000 (3000 invigilators, 5000 stenographers) Pre-Election Stage CBCID Staff required =300/per state. Election Process Technical Staff required for DRE implementation=1000 Polymath’s required for public opinion forum(POF) = 20 to 25 We will Require a workforce of 19025 people at the State and National level.
    • Total funding required= 422.7 crore* INR. Estimate for leadership programs and aptitude test= 1.2 crore INR. Funding for POF and DRE Cost = 241.5 crore per annum. Estimate for eliminating Criminality in Indian Politics= 180 crore per annum. Funding required for Leaderships sessions= Rs.20 lakh/ 100 colleges. Estimate for Aptitude Cost= Rs. 1 crore. Accounting Rs.60 per voter(5 % in high population areas) , cost = Rs. 240 crore (4 crores *60 ) POF funding = RS. 1.5 crore Cost of Staffing CB-CID= 6 crore INR per state per annum. Total Cost= 180 crore. This Model will require an estimated financial Expenditure of 422.7 crore INR. *All the data are based on Assumptions and all the monetary units are in INR.
    • Central Government Donations/ Sponsorships from Local Bodies for Leadership Programs. Fee for Aptitude Test= 200 INR per candidate Donations for Public Opinion Forum State Government for CB-CID staffing. 10,000 INR per candidate for contesting Elections. Leveraging of Existing Infrastructure:-  Use of Government Organization and universities like Kendriya Vidyalaya, JNV, IIT’s for leadership programs and their use as centers for aptitude Test.  Income Tax department on national level and CB- CID on state level to act as instruments for eliminating criminalization in politics.  Use of New system of Aadhar Card and RTI to reduce the existing electoral malpractices. This Model Proposes following sources to meet the estimated Expenditure.
    • • POF aims to reach millions of people through broadcasting media. • The party neutral forum will provide a platform for expressing public sentiments. • The 0.05% signature campaign will ensure exit of non serious candidates. • Electoral fraud will be completely eradicated from the high risk regions (5% of total constituencies). • The indigenous DRE machines will be put to use in the next general elections on a wider scale. • Reduction of the 15% candidates accused of serious crimes. • If a candidature is cancelled due to criminal case, parties will be compelled to give candidature to people with clean record only. • The source of unknown funding, which accounts to 85% of total funds would be public. • The limit of individual donation at 10000 INR will force the politicians to reach out to a wider base. • Since 50% of India’s population is below 25yrs of age, leadership programs will be a huge boost for them. • At college level , 3 million graduates will participate in policy formation. Awareness of general public Election Malpractices Candidate Expenditure Criminality Youth Involvement Impact of the proposed solution
    • Challenges Mitigation • Political – Since the reforms require parliamentary approval, corrupt politicians have a strong incentive to prevent them. • Social – The rule which requires 0.05 % signatures for filing of candidature might cause bad blood among the voters and the candidates. The preliminary test as well as the electoral reform society may face protests from the parties in power. • Legal – The rule 49-O, Conduct of Election Rules, 1961, provides the citizens the Right to No Vote. It recognizes the right of a citizen to register his disapproval for all the candidates participating in the elections. The introduction of right to reject might cause an array of re-elections in highly unstable states. • Technical – The DRE technology is not available in India. Direct linkage of Aadhar card with DRE machines in at least ‘high risk’ areas has to be established. • Economics– The total amount of funds required for the reforms is approx. 422 crore. • We have to entrust our elected representatives to pass the valuable legislation upon themselves. ERS once functional, can be used to mount political pressure to pass such reforms. • The local police has to ensure the safety and security of all the citizens during election time. Acts of violence or pressure formation should be dealt with strictness during election procedures. • In constitution, another rule 49-1 has to be introduced to add the “right to reject”. In cases where majority of the population disapproves the candidates, fresh elections should be conducted. The re-election condition will only arise in case of extreme dissatisfaction among the voters which is evident by the proposed 2/3 majority right to reject rule. • The DRE technology machines have to be purchased from Venezuela. Issue of Aadhar cards for registered voters in high risk areas should be given priority. • Funds should be allotted from various sources like sponsorships, candidature fees, test fees, state government and central government allowances.
    • Annexures and References: • ANALYSIS OF CRIMINAL AND FINANCIAL DETAILS OF MPs OF 15th LOK SABHA (2009)-A Report by NATIONAL ELECTION WATC H & ASSOCIATION FOR DEMOCRATIC REFORMS. • BACKGROUND PAPER ON ELECTORAL REFORMS-LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT, MINISTRY OF LAW AND JUSTICE, GOVERNMENT OF INDIA ,CO-SPONSORE D BY THE ELECTION CO M MISSION OF INDIA, December, 2010. • THE CONDUCT FOR ELECTION RULE , 1961. • THE ELECTORAL REFORM SOCIETY, UK. - www.electoral-reform.org.uk/. • THE DIRECT RECORDING ELECTRO NIC VOTING MAC HINE(DRE)CONTROVERSY : FAQS AND MISPERCEPTIONS.