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Sanitation pdf
 

Sanitation pdf

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Manthan Theme - Sanitation !

Manthan Theme - Sanitation !

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    Sanitation pdf Sanitation pdf Presentation Transcript

    • Presented by A.Soundarya M.Mounika S.Deeksha P.Neha M.Rajitha
    • Drinking Water Water has always been an important and life-sustaining drink to humans and is essential to the survival of all known organisms. It is a crucial component of metabolic processes and serves as a solvent for many bodily solutes. Water covers 71% of the Earth's surface, and is vital for all known forms of life. Sanitation is hygienic means of promoting health through prevention of human contact with hazards of wastes. Formulation and application of measures designed to protect public health. Sanitation is not a new concept in India. Since ancient times, importance was attached to cleanliness and resultantly, there evolved systems of sanitation and drainage. Sanitation
    • What if we drink unclean water and improper sanitation? Drinking water can become contaminated at the original water source, during treatment, or during distribution to the home. There are people who are dying horrific deaths due to limited or zero access to clean drinking water. Water supply and sanitation is a state responsibility under the Indian constitution.
    • Water Supply Water quality is affected by both point and non-point sources of pollution.
    • Problems Drinking water supply and sanitation in India continue to be inadequate, despite longstanding efforts by the various levels of government and communities at improving coverage. Poor sanitation, water and hygiene have many other serious repercussions. Unprotected water sources can easily become contaminated and unfit for drinking. Some of the women affected by the limited access to toilet facilities confess, the only solution available is to ensure that their need to use a toilet is reduced as far as possible. The lack of sanitation facilities compounds the trauma of displacement and loss. For instance, in India a fact finding team found that there were only 22 toilets for 10,000 persons.
    • Present situation in India.. # Recent evidence indicates that India is heading towards a major sanitation crisis in the coming years. # India cannot achieve real to safe water and sanitation. # A direct link exists between water development if majority of its people live in unhealthy and unclean surroundings due to lack of access, sanitation and, health and nutrition and human wellbeing.
    • The Government of India initiated in the year 1999 the Total Sanitation Campaign, a community-led comprehensive program to ensure sanitation facilities in rural areas with broader goal to eradicate the practice of open defecation. Clearly the budget has been steadily rising over the years, barring 2003-2004 and 2009-2010. Such regular funding without targets being met can be one reason there is a blame game of sorts going on. The dream was to achieve 100% sanitation coverage in 2012, but the target is revised to 2017. Total Sanitation Campaign
    • Improving sanitation.. Safe excreta disposal must be a top priority for India. Because open defecation has negative externalities, it is everybody’s problem, and requires government action.
    • The lack of adequate sanitation and safe water has significant negative health impacts including : Vomiting or diarrhea A sick stomach Skin rashes Cancer (Some kinds of cancer, like leukemia, can happen after drinking bad water for a long period of time) Reproductive problems (Some kinds of reproductive problems, like infertility, can happen after drinking polluted water for a long period of time) Developmental problems (Some kinds of learning disabilities can happen after drinking dirty water for a long period of time) It even causes infections in the bladder.
    • Steps to follow Prior to planning water supply and sanitation projects Adopt Appropriate Technologies and Delivery Systems Inform and Educate Poor Communities Empower the Poor to Act within and beyond Their Own Communities Strengthen Capacity, Autonomy, and Accountability of Service Providers and Provide Incentives to Serve the Poor Protect Water Resources Open defecation should be strictly prohibited. Construction permissions should be given only to the people who have proper sanitation facility in their houses. Strict laws should be made on digging limited bore wells . Provide for protection of groundwater sources. Provide for public notification when drinking water standards are violated.
    • Conclusion Improvements in the planning and delivery of services are essential to promote more efficient use of water resources, but must be complemented by an effective framework for overall water resources management. Supporting small –scale enterpreneurs. In any sanitation program, technologies may be identified as appropriate but if application does not involve information, training of community members and mobilization, the project will be a failure. It is possible only when they understand the consequences of the unsanitary conditions they have that they will be willing to change their habits It is estimated that by 2020 India will become a water stressed nation, so government should take proper measures in providing clean drinking water .
    • Bibliography www.google.com www.encyclopedia.org www.healthissues.com
    • Thank you