Co-ordinator: : Shubham Mishra
Enhancing The Quality Of Primary
India churns out enormous money on primary
education every year however proficiency of
this major concern
India spent over 4k crores on
primary education but still--
Hurdles in providing compulsory
primary education to all children:-
Total no. of primary
facilities in=25% of
Pupil teacher ratio in
53% of 5th std. are
unable to read
of 2nd std.
A. Lack of social awareness :-
Major part of society in rural areas is unaware of value of
education in their life.
Result- Parents don’t allow their children to go to school.
B. Inadequate number of teachers :-
1. Problem of teacher deployment i.e. 12 lacs posts are vacant
in India and student to teacher ratio=46(20 in south Korea)
2. 25% of teachers bunk schools yearly
Result- poor attention and prolong absenteeism of students.
C. Poor infrastructure facilities:-
Government primary schools lacks in infrastructure, as,-
1. 45% schools don’t have separate toilets for girls
2. 39% schools don’t have even playgrounds.
3. 2000 primary schools are running under trees and tents.
Results:-22 lacs students (10%) shifted to private schools.
D. Ineffective Teaching methodology:-
1.Poor degree of curriculum making boring teaching
2. . In CTET 2011,99% candidates fail . An NCERT report
says B.Ed. Program is out dated and focus on rot
memorization but not on learning.
Result- quality of education falls and absenteeism of
Ensuring primary education through grass
root changes in system and society-
presence in school
1. Recruit graduate AGANBARI women and they also teach rural household ladies
in the same manner of ASHA scheme of NRHM.
2. Organise Monthly Awareness camps to inform parents about government
new schemes and motivate them to send their children to nearby school.
1.Recruit quality professional teachers by national level written exam with an
2. Implement biometric attendance system in schools that is directly connected to
state education dept.
3. Craft a new post of EDUCATION INSPECTOR for every 10 villages to ensure proper
functioning of every primary school.
1.Make proper drinking and toilet facilities in every school.
2. Ensuring cemented seating arrangements that will require no maintenance.
3.Make interactive classrooms for nursery standard to attract children to
schools so parents wouldn’t feel inferior to send their student to primary
Snapshot of solution proposed
1. Follow LEARNING BY PLAYING technique for teaching up to class-2 in which
elementary concepts like addition ,subtraction by creative activities.
2 An NCERT report says on it. this show s present B.Ed programme is outdated.
so design a new innovative programme to train teachers.
• Education inspectors are appointed per 10 villages to vigilance primary schools
operation in his field. His role is ::--
• To check attendance of teachers.students weekly in biometric system and able to
take disciplinary action on the spot.
• Ensure strict implementation of government policies like midday meal , compulsory
• Check every aganbari centre once in a month and give status report to district
• Penalize principal of primary school if there is not appropriate drinking and
A Guard for primary
• According to forbes,46.3% of 5th standard children could not read a 2nd Std .
textbook(that subsequently increases to 51.8%in 2011 and 53%in 2012.
• New methodology will focus kindergarten and primary(1-5) separately--
• In kindergarten:- Teach elementary concepts like addition ,subtraction, basic
language by verbal activities only and play game like playing doctors for teaching
body parts, food and nutrition and use songs to learn poems.
• For primary std.- appoint teachers in a professional way i.e. written test followed by
interview judging their teaching and motivation skills..
• Make mandatory play school for nursery class in which student will free to play only.
this is to increase attraction for small age student to school.
Glimpses of new teaching
• Educational qualification is graduation so that they have the capability to teach and
motivate house hold ladies and tell them about government policies.
• Extra 2000/month will be provided to them for it.
• Each Anganwari will teach students from 9am to 1 pm and 2 pm to 4 pm to house
• Approximately 7 lacs anganwari centres are in rural areas .This scheme will literate
above 21 lacs women in India.consequently they send their children to schools.
New role of
Description Of Key Elements:
Road map for Implementation Of
1. We need 64 thousands
education inspectors for
approximately 7 lacs of
2. Educational qualification:-
3. graduates having good
4. Recruitment process:-
yearly organized national
level written test
conducted. And further
candidates are interviewed
for their assessment and
5. Salary:- 20000 per month.
Total expenditure will be
Rs 200 crore per annum
1. 45% of the primary
schools do not have
toilets. Estimated cost
will be Rs 620 crore (Rs
toilet designs, NEP}.
2. Every year before
starting new session
renovation of buildings
done, to have a quality
comparison with private
1. Every school has
biometric machine to
register attendance of
teachers and students.
2. education inspector will
inspect weekly the
3. Attendance will directly
send to district head
office. In case of guilty,
salary of respective
teacher will deducted.
4. In weekly inspection, if EI
finds a student regularly,
then direct teacher to
contact his home.
New elements of system has coordination at
1.- All the primary schools
operation like student
development , teacher
presence are supervised by
their respective inspector
2. Education inspector will
give its monthly feedback
about every primary school
and anganwari centre to
methodology for kindergarten
and primary standards
Elements Regulatory Authorities
Funding for New proposed scheme:
Salaries of New
Free of cost issues
toilets and yearly
renovation of school
The total expenditure of our proposed new
scheme: ₹820 crores
The proposed model of primary education faces
key concept and implementation risks
Challenges and Risks Mitigation factors
Government should apply this proposal
in small states like Chhattisgarh and
Goa. After success apply it to other
More frequent awareness programs
should be started.
District authorities should have strong
vigilance on education inspectors for
preventing them for corruption
1. Government has to end the post
OF Anganwari supervisor for
2. Traditional thinking for not
sending girls to school will be
3. To motivate teachers for
effective teaching can’t done by
1.Implentation of biometric systems
lot of efforts and funds.
2. Education inspector should not
involved in corruption.
# Concept Risks
# Implementation challenges
1. Census report of 2011,government of india.
2. Ministry of human resource development, government of india (2012), year
2012,assessment, education for all: india, new delhi,
3. National institute of educational planning and administration (2012), education for all
2012: assessment core EFC indicators
4. National council of educational research and training , all india education survey, new
5. Rajlakshmi murlidharan and venita kaul, early childhood care and education: status
6. Saxena, R.R., Satvir singh, and J.K. Gupta, eds (1995), school effectiveness and
7. Pre-primary education in india consortium for research on educational access,
transitions and equity (CREATE).