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  2. 2. • One of the biggest challenges of 21st century will be to understand phenomenon of urban agglomeration. Most of the 20th century’s concept and visions about cities are being questioned. New approaches need to be invented; other actions/methods needs to be incorporated in the existing work methods. It is essential to search for new techniques to deal with large urban agglomeration and application of GIS and Remote sensing technique at the various stages of planning, implementation and monitoring of the urban projects. Future Cities India 2020 is initiated by NRDMS Division of Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India with the objective of harnessing the young mind’s creative skills to address the local issues by way of design, interaction, communication and FUTURE CITIES INDIA creative skills to address the local issues by way of design, interaction, communication and spreading the awareness, developed the Future Cities program in India. National competition – To start with a pilot in Delhi High School and Technical College Student project - team based Focused on real world challenges, using real world data Using globally recognized professional software Teachers serving as Program Counsellors Practicing professionals serving as team mentors Outcomes are realistic/innovative proposals/answers Students learning a marketable skill Capacity building in geospatial technologies Future Cities India 2020 – what is it!
  3. 3. The participants are from two categories, i.e. selected high schools and technical colleges. Eight high schools and eight technical colleges of Delhi were selected for the pilot programme. Participants: Collaborating Agencies As a pilot project, DST and Bentley Systems India Private Limited are implementing the Future Cities 2020 in India in collaboration. RDC, which has expertise and resources, is working in tandem with DST inRDC, which has expertise and resources, is working in tandem with DST in realizing the goals set in the project.RDC is working on and behalf of DST by deploying its resources and will facilitate in organizing the events, achieving tasks and objectives. Our Mandate: Our mandate is to organize the event on and behalf of DST, besides deploying the manpower, resources for success of the event and facilitating the following: Technology installation at school (computer, printer, scanner, etc.) Scholarship/Awards to winners
  4. 4. CITIES India's large metropolises are struggling to cope with rapid growth and the rising demand for urban facilities, but smaller cities -- that have vast treasures of natural resources -- now have the opportunity to unlock their value and rival the country's mega cities. The Global Initiative for Restructuring Environment & Management (GIREM), in its bid to give shape to this grand concept of building future cities, has identified 36 prominent Tier-II cities in India which in recent times have been nudging for recognition with their inherent strengths but still display muted promise of becoming great modern cities. GIREM 36 focuses on a new strategy to develop smaller cities as magnets for allied investments in development of key areas of infrastructure, education, and research and industry. Population (2011) - 957,730 Education/colleges - 64 Size of the city - 214.86 square km Why future city: Capital of Kerala Centre for excellence for education, culture and research Climate is pleasant and conducive for harmonious vibrant lifestyle Ideal for business in - education, research, tourism, IT, medical and bio-technology The city contributes 80 per cent of software exports from the state It is also a major destination for chartered flights to India for medical tourism TRIVENDRUM
  5. 5. Population (2011) - 601,574 Education/colleges - 20 Size of the city - 94.88 square km Why future city: Commercial and trading capital of Kerala Emerging as a new cosmopolitan city of India It distinguishes in major business interest of plantation exports, a key marine transhipment centre and an attractive tourist hub Ideal for business in - trading, education, and IT. Major business sectors include construction, manufacturing, shipbuilding, transportation/shipping, seafood and spices exports, chemical industries, information technology (IT), tourism, health services, and banking. Construction and manufacturing combined contributes 37%, and trade, tourism and hospitality together provides another 20%. 2.KOCHI provides another 20%. 3:KOZHIKODE(CALICUT) Population (2011) - 432,097 Education/colleges - 84 Size of the city - 128.00 square km Why future city: A marine port city Emerging as an important complement to other Kerala cities for education, trading, training and as an important IT hub Ideal for business in - port, education, training, trading Kozhikode is expected to come under the radar of the IT industry with the development of Cyber park by the Kerala government
  6. 6. Institutional innovations of Urban Governance: Abstract As cities in developing world are under demographic transition and the forces of economic liberalization taking grip over them, they are engulfed by a number of problems. The pressures of globalization, however, demand these cities to be more competitive and their governance responsive to promote economic growth. Unfortunately, most cities are not well equipped to tackle some of these problems, which led to the failure of government institutions in the provision of public goods and services in an efficient and effective manner.institutions in the provision of public goods and services in an efficient and effective manner. BACKGROUND India, like many other developing countries, has been experiencing urbanization over last few decades at somewhat slow pace and at stable levels, which is evident from the records of successive census documents; it attained only about 28% of total population against the projected levels of 30 to 35% (Rakeshmohan 2006). However, the drivers of urbanization are changing – with a shift away from rapid rural population influx in the post-independence era to a rapid growth of existing urban areas (Kundu 2006). Most developed countries experienced rapid urbanization in the early phases of industrial development, which swept them to become predominantly urban societies, and urban areas became important economic centers; this process is now taking place in developing countries but in a period much shorter than that experienced by developed countries and with much larger absolute size (Gurgler 1996).
  7. 7. Importance of Governance in Democratic Societies Societies in general and urban societies in particular have been facing a variety of problems in several countries, but the solutions have to be based on democratic setups in the democratic countries. Here, it is important to understand the role played by political institutions that dominate the delivery of public goods and services in many respects. Political institutions based on democratic principles are supposed to ensure service delivery and overall development, as there are unwritten ‘political contracts’ between people and elected representatives to act in the interest of general public (Hype 2000). This representative democratic means of allocation of goods and services by the political constituents has been considered as better, given the common pitfalls associated with the extreme systems of anarchy or dictatorship 33 .
  8. 8. Urban Development Urbanization Trends and Their Implications The degree of urbanization at 31 per cent of the population is one of the lowest in the world though it is accelerating. The share of persons living in urban areas rose by 3.35 per cent in the decade 2001 to 2011 while it had risen by only 2.10 per cent in the decade 1991 to 2001. About 60 per cent of the growth in the urban population is due to natural increase. Rural–urban migration has contributed to only about 20 per cent of increase in urban population. In this regard, the Is her Ahluwalia HPEC has observed that notwithstanding three decades of rapid economic growth, rural urban migration has remained relatively low as industrialization has been capital intensive and the services boom fuelled by the knowledge economy has also been skill intensive. This has prevented Indian cities from realizing theirthe knowledge economy has also been skill intensive. This has prevented Indian cities from realizing their full potential of generating employment opportunities and consequently making the development process more inclusive. As per census 2011, there are 53 million plus cities accounting for about 43 per cent of India’s urban population. Class-I cities with population over 3 lakh accounted for about 56 per cent of the urban population and with a population ranging from 1 lakh to 3 lakh accounted for another 14 per cent. This pattern of population concentration in large cities reflects spatial polarization of the employment opportunities. While it is expected that gains from an agglomeration economy would lead to some polarization of economic activities, there is a need for developing an optimal portfolio of cities by drawing regional development plans and promoting growth centers that are employment intensive and consistent with the economic potential including the natural endowment of cities and regions. The availability of water to provide for the needs of a large urban population must be a critical factor in plans for urban development.
  9. 9. Though the proportion of urban population concentrated in larger cities continue to remain high, there is some evidence that other urban growth nodes are emerging underscoring the need for adequate policy attention to smaller cities and peri-urban areas as against the narrow focus of concentrating on large ‘Mission Cities’ as was followed in the Eleventh Plan period. Census 2011 notes that the number of towns in India increased from 5,161 in 2001 to as many as 7935 in 2011. It points out that almost all of this increase was in the growth of ‘census’ towns (which increased by 2,532) rather than ‘statutory’ towns (which increased by only 242).
  10. 10. Monitoring and review arrangements Progress of the strategic plan will be monitored through a number of methods both qualitative and quantitative. Each year the service level benchmarks will be measured in the towns and the data obtained would provide information on the state of basic services in the town. This would provide a template for measuring improvement in the basic services arising out of implementation of projects being undertaken for augmentation or improvement of basic urban infrastructure. These will also highlight areas where attention is needed. Anof basic urban infrastructure. These will also highlight areas where attention is needed. An MIS will be created at the National Level for measuring and monitoring the state of services. The Ministry will also obtain feed back through concurrent evaluations conducted through Independent Review and Monitoring Agencies and other evaluation organizations. The reports from the above activities will be considered by the Monitoring and review committees that have been set up under various programs for necessary action. The achievements against the targets set in the Results framework document will be periodically reviewed to evaluate progress.