Realizing the Growth Potential of North East
“ There are challenges… but also immense opportunity. ”
-Sir James Bevan, on North-East India
• Nitin Kumar • Rahul Anand • Prateek Jajodia • Pushpesh Kumar• Nilesh Chaubey
Team PURUSHARTH :
THE PERFECT BLEND OF SUNRISE STATES
High Literacy Rate: The states of North East enjoy high literacy rates
compared to India as a nation, showing that the people are inclined to
modern means of education.
Rich in Minerals and Water Resources:
Facilitates power generation in huge amounts
High scope for industrialization.
Tourism: North East provides huge scope for tourism and attracts the largest
number of Nature Tours in the country. The recently held International Tourism
Mart (1st) in Guwahati, clearly shows how much potential North East has, especially
Agriculture: Hilly terrain and heavy rainfall perfectly suits the cultivation of cash
crops like Tea, enabling Assam to be the highest exporter of tea in the world.
International Trade: It shares International borders with countries like Myanmar,
Bangladesh etc. which gives an opportunity for large scale international trade and
development of foreign currency.
% import from India
% import from
• More than 50 active armed groups. Eg- ULFA.
• Demand of separate Nation Land.
• Bangladeshi infiltration.
• Chinese invasion over the local matters.
• HIV, Drugs, narcotics & human trafficking
• Large number of trained professionals left
• Poor connectivity with rest of the country.
• Less contribution towards national GDP.
MAJOR PROBLEMS FACED BY THE POPULATION
• Nominal number of seats allotted in governing houses
in spite of covering 8% of nation’s territorial area
• Huge amount of flash floods due to hilly terrain
• In major seismic prone zone, always a danger of
• Large number of natural resources lie unused &
• Power generation capabilities not utilized to its
Lok Sabha Seats
• Mental isolation of population
• Delayed and difficult physical linkage with the country
• Rise in drugs trafficking and local consumption, Manipur is the worst hit.
• Ethnic separatists widely dominant in area.
• Scene identical to Latin America ; Situations going from bad to worst.
• 99% of total boundary remains international; government focusing on national security
instead of infrastructure.
States Road density per
Road density per 1000
Arunachal Pradesh 196.96 9.77
Assam 1236.5 7.38
Manipur 739.11 6.98
Meghalaya 438.67 3.89
Mizoram 292.11 6.35
Nagaland 1045.32 10.27
Sikkim 263.95 3.17
Tripura 3026.23 9.09
India 1965.73 12.77
M/O ROAD TRANSPORT AND
CHALLENGES DUE TO EXISTING PROBLEMS
Economic Development in terms of GDP , Per Capita Income.
Implementation of “LOOK EAST” policy.
Exclusive security oriented laws to be acquired by the Government.
Slow and Sustained use of Natural Resources.
“JOINING OF RIVERS” plan can tackle the flood situations.
Development of tourism and social sector for d locals.
Provisions to let enjoy the region mutually beneficial trade and investment.
GDP growth over recent years
Basic needs of the region which need to be reviewed by the Govt.
• Industrial Trade
• Cash crops
• Ban on illegal trade
• Insurgency control
• Border disputes
• Control on armed groups
• Network of roadways
• Building educational institutions.
• Hospitals & basic needs
• Opportunities for self employments
IMPACT OF THE PROPOSED SOLUTIONS
Dominating Youth Power
• Development of infrastructure.
• Development of employment opportunities for trained youth
• Providing self employment for the untrained youth population
Less Wastage of Resources
• Sustainable use of available resources.
• River joining plans can tackle the effect of floods.
Less threats over security concerns
•Decrease in the infiltrations matters of Bangladesh and China.
•Increase in concerns over local insurgents to join the main stream.
Better Governance Improved Livings
DEVELOPMENT OF THE REGION AS A ECO
• Tourism in India remains Nature oriented.
• Availability of Eco tourism destinations in abundance.
• Several tourist spots can be converted into world class tourist hubs:
Vast Manas National Park
Tea Gardens of Assam
• Generation of more employment opportunities on a large scale
• Industrialization will take a major boost resulting in overall sustenance in the
region, hence economic growth, which ensures overall diversification of North East.
CHALLENGES TO THE PROPOSED SOLUTIONS:
• Promised funding need to reach for the development of the north east from the
In 2011 Money Allotted for development of north east was ₹ 1867 cr.
Money spent for the development of north east was ₹ 524 cr.
• Reach of the Local insurgents/ separatists forces to the grass root level.
• Geographical barriers causing greats obstructions to infrastructural development.
• Lack of educations and ununiformity among the ethnic tribes present in large
diversity in the region.
• Proper transparency over the transaction of funds between the Union Govt., State
Govt. and Local Panchayats.
• Deploying forces to unarm and remove the Local insurgents as well as empowering
the local people with emergency booths and help lines, ensuring immediate action
for the needy.
• Employing Indian civil engineers to develop infrastructurally, hence removing
geographical barriers as well as providing considerable employment to all sectors.
• Educating ethnic tribes at grass root level, by selecting volunteers among the same
tribe so language, creed and ethnicity will not be a barrier, ensuring education to all.
Agriculture and Rural Development in N.E. India, ASCI Journal of Management 37(2)
3rd N.E. and East Power Summit ,2010
North Eastern Region- Vision 2020, Ministry of Development
Annual Report, 2009, Central Electricity Authority
North East Summit, 2013- Indian Chamber of Commerce
Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy 2007, Economic Intelligence Service 2005
Reserve Bank of India, 2005, Handbook of Statistics on Indian Economy.