Sunrise States: Realizing the
growth potential of North-East
Team – PleaSure (MDI Gurgaon)
About North East India
• The 12th five year plan’s basic goal was to achieve inclusive growth. Currently the
Indian economy is growing at a rate of around 5% p.a.
• The north east Indian states have not been exploited in terms of their potential
Slower pace of industrialization and socio-economic growth
Blessed with abundant natural resources
Strategically located with access to the traditional domestic markets of eastern
Close proximity to Bangladesh and Myanmar
Resource-rich north east with its expanses of fertile
farmland and a huge talent pool could turn into one
of India’s most prosperous regions
• The conventional market-based solutions may not work here
• Challenges going forward
Poor infrastructure and connectivity
Low economic development
Low literacy level
Law and order problems
• China’s reported plan to divert the Brahmaputra from its upper reaches is being seen as a direct
affront to India and a violation of International norms of sharing river waters.
• Once the construction of dam is complete, the control on the water of Brahmaputra will be in the
hands of China.
• Brahmaputra flows for about 1,625- km inside the Tibet Autonomous Region of China and for a
further 918-km inside India.
• Fifty percent of the catchment areas of the Brahmaputra River lie within Indian Territory.
Deforestation in Brahmaputra Watershed Area has already resulted in increased siltation levels,
flash floods and soil erosion.
• Chinese policy in damming middle reaches of Brahmaputra to harness hydro-power and divert
water to mainland China may cause drought in the north-eastern part of India and Bangladesh.
• if China discharges more waters during monsoon season it could create massive floods in the area.
What needs to be done:
• India’s water sharing agreement with Bangladesh on Teesta River is still hanging
• India should respond to it immediately to work together with Bangladesh to raise concern on
Chinese dam making project.
• Water sharing agreement between India-China-Bangladesh and Bhutan is also required for
comprehensive solutions to the problems of flood, erosion and water management in the north-
GSDP at Current Prices 3488 3755 4108 4810 5687 7474 9011 10859 11943
% Growth over prev. year - 7.65 9.40 17.09 18.23 31.42 20.56 20.51 9.98
GSDP at Current Prices 53398 59385 64692 71076 81074 95975 112466 126544 143567
% Growth over prev. year - 11.21 8.94 9.87 14.07 18.38 17.18 12.52 13.45
GSDP at Current Prices 5133 5718 6137 6783 7399 8254 9108 10410 11713
% Growth over prev. year - 11.40 7.33 10.53 9.08 11.56 10.35 14.30 12.52
GSDP at Current Prices 6559 7265 8625 9735 11617 12709 14528 16173 18363
% Growth over prev. year - 10.76 18.72 12.87 19.33 9.40 14.31 11.32 13.54
GSDP at Current Prices 2682 2971 3290 3816 4577 5260 6058 6991 NA
% Growth over prev. year - 10.78 10.74 15.99 19.94 14.92 15.17 15.40 NA
GSDP at Current Prices 5839 6588 7257 8075 9436 10527 11315 12272 13322
% Growth over prev. year - 12.83 10.15 11.27 16.85 11.56 7.49 8.46 8.56
GSDP at Current Prices 1739 1993 2161 2506 3229 6133 7412 8616 9957
% Growth over prev. year - 14.61 8.43 15.96 28.85 89.93 20.85 16.24 15.56
GSDP at Current Prices 8904 9826 10914 11797 13573 15403 17545 19910 22139
% Growth over prev. year - 10.35 11.07 8.09 15.05 13.48 13.91 13.48 11.20
• The region is endowed with perennial rivers and water bodies, therefore, it has a huge
• This potential, if tapped well, can be used to export power to other regions of the
• The spill-over benefits will be the development of infrastructure such as roads
• Electricity supply to remote hilly areas
States such as Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim and
Meghalaya have huge potential in hydropower
Infrastructure and Connectivity
• Inland water transport can be a
• Alternative in the plain areas of NER given the high cost of expanding other mode of
• It will also create
• employment opportunities
• promote tourism
• open up inter-country routes for trade and commerce. However, the following needs to
• There is a need to improve facilities for night navigation and mechanical handling
• Cargo vessels and terminals should be increased to meet the rising demands
• Emphasis should be on PPPs for the development of fairways and infrastructure in
States Major Tourist Places
Tawang, Dirang, Bomdila, Tipi, Itanagar, Malinithan, Likabali, Pasighat, Along,
Tezu, Miao, Roing, Daporijo, Namdapha, Bhismaknagar, Parashuram Kund and
Kamakhya Temple, Umananda, Navagraha, Basisth Ashram, Dolgobinda, Gandhi
Mandap, State Zoo, State Museum, Sukreswar Temple, etc. in Guwahati,
Kaziranga National Park, Manas, Orang, Sibasagar, Tezpur, Bhalukpung, Hajo,
Manipur Imphal, Bishnupur, Loktak Lake, Sirori Hills, Keibul Lamjao National Park, etc.
Meghalaya Shillong, Jowai, Cherrapunji, etc.
Mizoram Aizawl, Champhai, Tamdil, Thenzawl etc.
The following is the potential tourism in the north eastern states:
In the next 10 years, the region will have only 2.6 million jobs
As opposed to the low demand, there will also be a supply of 17 million people in
2011-2022, an excess of 14 million job seekers
North Eastern Council (NEC) and the Ministry of Development of North Eastern
Region (DoNER) have prepared the ‘Vision 2020’
Things to do:
Preparing a plan of action for building capacities and competencies in critical sectors
Identifying institutes and organisations for imparting training and building capacities in
Setting up of training institutes in the region in important fields through line Ministries,
NEC or states
Augmenting the capacity of the existing training institutes in the north eastern states
Using IT as a tool to upgrade skills
India’s north east region (NER) is endowed with huge untapped natural
resources and is acknowledged as the eastern gateway for the country’s ‘Look
East Policy’. The region stands way below in comparison with the rest of India
in socio-economic indicators. Recently, the government has taken several steps
to overcome these infrastructural bottlenecks to induce sustainable development
in the region. The strong focus on roads, airports and hydropower developments
are some of the key steps in this direction.