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  1. 1. Manthan Topic: Rohit Shelar Ketan Patil Nikhil Agate Sneha Peshattiwar Kumar Satyam
  2. 2. Problems for Poor Quality of Primary EducationLongterm Problems • Child Labor Is Prevalent • Population Lives In Poverty • Awareness: Value Of School Education ShortTerm Problems • Physical Distance: Unavailability of School • Teachers Lack Training And Motivation • Lack Facilities and Teaching Aids Qualification Of Current Primary Teachers 1. Year of joining-1985-1995 SSC; 1995-2005 D. Ed.; 2005-2013 B. Ed. 2. Poor or No Knowledge of Computers Facilities Available 1. Basic infrastructure 2. Poor sanitation 3. Obsolete syllabus Facilities Not-Available 1. Regular and Updated training 2. Dynamic teaching methods 3. Audio Visual teaching Aids Utilization of Audio Visual aids will Motivate students to pursue primary education and create awareness among them for importance of Education Causes of the Poor Quality of Primary Education
  3. 3. Proposed Idea • Stories, Lessons, Civic Sense and etiquettes can be easily taught through cartoons • Easy and inexpensive to make and update Comics • Poems with appropriate Rhymes and rhythm will facilitate easy and quick learningAudio • Dramas, Plays, Stories, Science, Basic Mathematics and History-Geography will be easily visualized by using Animations, Movies and Documentaries Visual To convert textual syllabus into Audio-Visual Aids for easy Understanding and quick grasping
  4. 4. Merits of the Proposed Solution Existing System • Facilities available, Teachers with their experience, knowledge • Subjects to be taught • Language: alphabet, word and sentence formation, their pronunciation and grammar is limited to the class and the teacher • Learning poetry and visualizing stories is difficult without teachers help and assistance • Maths: Basic arithmetic, tables are difficult to remember • Sciences: Lack of facilities available in classroom is a major constraint in learning • Current system promotes rote learning Proposed System • It helps in clear visualisation of stories, lessons, geographies, sciences etc • It is difficult for students to experience all the things taught to them through textbooks in person. It provides Vicarious Experience to students • Audio-Visual aids provide variety in learning • The use of audio-visual aids provides immense opportunities to the students for self learning • They are the best motivators. Students work with more interest and zeal • They are more attentive
  5. 5. Implementation of Comics  Identifying Content • Identify publishers who already create comics for primary school students. • Select appropriate content which is relevant and essential for educating primary school students. • Obtain copyrights for using any particular cartoon (popular among children) for these educational comics. • For example the cartoon of Shaktimaan explaining primary educational terms in pictorial story format.  Printing the material • The material can be printed by giving out contracts to various private printers available in the country.  Distribution • The existing distribution channel used for distributing textbooks will be used.
  6. 6. Implementation of Comics  Cost • Currently 23 crore students study in various schools in India • Roughly 40% of these students are below fourth standard • Considering 5 books per student 46 crore books will be required. Considering a cost of Rs 50 per book the project will cost 2300 crore rupees • The project is to be implemented over 4 years with an investment of Rs. 575 crore each year  Funding • The project aims at creating aids for student learning and as such books should be maintained in school for reference of students. The funds are to be obtained from the central government by utilising the education cess collected by the govt Source:
  7. 7. Implementations of Audio-visuals Identifying Content :  All the state and government board syllabus should be converted into animated and pictorial formats  History should be taught by depicting stories through videos  Geography can be visualised through animations for better perception Cost :  Basic cost for an audio-visual screening system is up to 32000/school Sources of funds :  Basic cost can be contributed by the government  CSR , NGO`s can help boost the network and upgrade the IT infrastructure
  8. 8. Impact of the Solution Measuring the impact: • Knowledge- Self learning approach (audio-visual) will help to make education reach root level. • Absenteeism of students as well as teachers in rural areas will decrease – (currently 64% attendance in rural and 74% in urban areas) • Will impact on overall literacy rate of country • Increase in number of enrolments of students in secondary schools from primary schools. • Increase in grades of students
  9. 9. Sustainability 2 years plan  Implementing plans for comics thoroughly all over India  Include basic computer knowledge subject in the syllabus of D.Ed and B.Ed  Compulsory internship program for D.Ed and B.Ed students in rural areas  Training rural women with basic computer knowledge at least to play audio and videos - This will help for rural women empowerment also 5 years plan  Increase in number and facilities of public schools for primary education( facilities like audio-visual aids, good classrooms)  Monitoring-  Additional responsibility to education inspector for ensuring the supply of comics (books) and audio-visual aids.
  10. 10. Challenges and mitigation factors Challenges faced Ways to mitigate Political- Bribe taken by political members or government officials in the process of staff appointment in rural areas Not more teachers will be required in rural areas if audio-visual aids solution is applied Social- •Ignorance of people towards education •Girls not allowed to go schools and learn in some villages Awareness campaign by B.Ed and D.Ed students during their internship program. This campaign will include importance of education, gender equality and government programs for improving education Economical – Less funds available with government Encourage CSR activities in Education sector by local companies in respective rural areas Technological- Availability of electricity, computers, projectors and other accessories etc. Supplying second hand (used) computers from urban areas to rural areas in less price