Peanuts

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Peanuts

  1. 1. Sowing Prosperity: Boosting Agricultural Productivity Team Details: Prabal Sabarwal Gaurav Gupta Anay Badavane M Prasanna Ankit Nama
  2. 2. Indian Agriculture Scenario STRENGTHS • Rich Bio-diversity • Arable land • Climate • Strong and well dispersed research and extension system OPPORTUNITIES • Bridgeable yield crops • Exports • Agro-based Industry • Horticulture • Untapped potential in the N.E. WEAKNESS • Fragmentation of land • Low Technology Inputs • Unsustainable Water Management • Poor Infrastructure • Low value addition THREATS • Unsustainable Resource Use • Unsustainable Regional Development • Imports
  3. 3. Agricultural and Food Waste Generation Overview!  Around 180 million MT of fruits, vegetables and perishables (food stuffs),are produced per year in India  However, storage capacity exists only for 23.6 million MT in 5,386 cold storages across the country, of which, 80 per cent is used only for potatoes.  Around 25 to 30 % of fruits and vegetables and 5 to 7 per cent of food grains in India get wasted  Estimated production of fruits and vegetables in India is 150 million tones and the total waste generated is 50 million tones (30%) per annum  Drying in general is a fairly common practice in many areas, but it is typically done by spreading out the crop on the ground. This method has many problems such as spoilage due to rain, wind, dust, insects, etc.
  4. 4. Proposed Solution  Installation of Solar Dryers and metal silos in villages to cut down post harvest losses.  Solar dryers are devices that use solar energy to dry substances, especially food. These can be coupled with metal silos which can be used to store the dried grains.  In addition solar dryers help process meat, fruit, and vegetables that would otherwise rot quickly. Solar dryers dry food in a clean, hygienic environment that reduces space and labour.  Dryers will reduce the need for complex storage by making food last longer.
  5. 5. Advantages  They increase food safety by removing the water content so that bacteria and bugs cannot contaminate it as readily  They will also enable farmers or other people to create value- added goods (such as fruit bars or jerky) that are easier to transport and are export quality, thereby increasing their incomes.  The major objective of storing food is to ensure local food security.  Grain storage on small farms is a form of saving that can later increase farmers’ incomes. It helps stabilize the crop’s market price.  If farmers can store their goods, they can sell them over a longer period of time, reducing the cycles of surplus and scarcity connected to the seasons.  solar dryers were particularly attractive because they can be used with all types of food (grain, fruit, vegetables, meat, and even cash crops) and they do not require extra energy from an engine or battery.
  6. 6. Implementation  Solar dryers dry food in a clean, hygienic environment that reduces space and labor. They require very little labor (about one hour a day or less) and yet can greatly increase the amount of high-quality food available. The women can put in a load to dry and then go about their other tasks, so it is ideal for rural workers who have many tasks.  Metal silos can be constructed locally, similar to water tanks. Sheet metal and other materials needed for construction should be provided and subsidized by government agencies or the local private sector. Solar dryers require very little infrastructure beyond the cost of the dryer, and can be beneficial to farms of any size.India is a promising place for these, as it could be used at least 250 days of the year
  7. 7. Implementation  The plan is to introduce the storage facilities to farmer cooperatives instead of individual farmers.  Each cooperative will own solar dryers and silos that will be shared among its members. This way, it becomes easier to purchase the units because the farmers pool their resources.  With more labor and raw crops available, they can be used at their full capacity, thus generating the most income as opposed to a family who might only use them a few times a week.  Each cooperative should have greater access to both needed capital and markets and thereby increase the efficiency of each solar dryer or silo
  8. 8. Organizational structure required  The solution to food storage needs to be a bottom up approach. An organization responsible for implementing these measures needs to be created.  Communities need to be identified where the people have access to fresh food that is currently wasted and who are willing to put in the time to store it properly .  An group in this organization needs to created to actively promote the storage technology, provide the education necessary, as well as help with financing. This group could be local or a central NGO or government agency. A major task of this group will be an in-depth study in each region they want to implement these in to determine what the local crops are, what the market value for the crops are, and how large a dryer can be effectively used by the available people.
  9. 9. Organizational structure required  A new organization would need to be set up to coordinate funding sources with the companies producing storage systems with the farmers or cooperatives in need.  A large fund might be needed to partially subsidize costs to make it easier for farmers to pay back the loan. This could come from a wide number of organizations like the World Bank, IMF, a NGO or charity organization. The amount needed depends on the area and what funds the farmers typically have available as well and their ability to pay off the loan. Main Organisation Credit Management Surveying and Information Dissemination
  10. 10. Cost of the installations  The cost of a solar dryer of 50 kg capacity ranges form about Rs 30 000 to Rs 50 000.  Solar dryers last longer. A typical dryer can last 15-20 years with minimum maintenance.  A 500-kilogram metal silo costs between Rs 4,000 and Rs 10,000 initially and very little to maintain .  Generally silos lasts about 20 years, and a well-maintained one can last up to 30 years
  11. 11. Possible Constraints  It might take a while to generate interest depending on the culture and how much education is available in that region.  The wastage of food is partly due to farmer’s priorities. They may not see storage as a beneficial investment with their limited funds and will not be looking for innovative ways to process food.  Farmers’ attitudes to storage and the long term value of the investment in capital can be a constraint.  Rural farmers have very little money to spend are often heavily in debt and cannot invest in storage systems.  Drying can be performed only during sunny days, unless the system is integrated with a conventional energy-based system.
  12. 12. References:  http://www.fao.org/docrep/t1838e/t1838e00.htm  https://mail.google.com/mail/u/0/#inbox/140cba 4407ff2ed2  http://www.indg.in/rural-energy/technologies- under-rural-energy/solar-drying-systems  http://agricoop.nic.in/dacdivision/machinery1/ch ap8.pdf  http://business.mapsofindia.com/india- gdp/sectorwise/agriculture-growth-rate.html  http://www.jstor.org/stable/41370385?seq=1&

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