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pcfreaks

  1. 1. Boosting Agricultural production Team members- Arpit Gupta Abhinav Gupta Abhishek Pandey Avi Kumar Anshul Kumar
  2. 2. An increase in agricultural production can result from an increase in area under cultivation (horizontal expansion) and /or from an increase in the productivity (vertical expansion). Productivity has two aspects to it, viz., land productivity and labour productivity.
  3. 3. Food Grains Production MillionTons
  4. 4. Measures to improve agricultural productivity 1.Irrigation potential • It has been increased through public funding & assisting farmers to create potential on their own farms. The total irrigation potential in the country has increased from 81.1 million hectares in 1991-92 to 102.8 million hectares in 2006-07. • only 73.5 % irrigation potential has been created out of which 87.2 million hectares(84.9 %) is actually utilized. The scope of expanding irrigation through large & medium scale project has yet to be fully exploited.
  5. 5. 2.Diversification of agriculture • Diversification of agriculture to horticulture & other areas is also high on the govt agenda. Besides raising farmer's income ,this results in better utilization of resources, creation of employment & growth. • National Horticulture Mission & Mission for Horticulture in the north east & other hilly areas have been set up to promote horticulture in a mission mode.
  6. 6. 3.Exploiting production potential : • To achieve expected level of productivity, farmer must be guided by experts in respect of soil & water analysis for adopting the best diversified cropping system ,meticulous adoption of technology (when & how), judicious use of seeds,fertilisers,pesticides,water,labour & credit. • supply of inputs must be of standard quality, reasonable priced & timely available. There is need to establish farm inputs & equipment regulatory & development authority.
  7. 7. 4.Rural infrastructure for farm growth: • there is a positive correlation between infrastructure development & aggregate agricultural productivity. • rural infrastructure as irrigation water shed development, rural electrification ,roads,markets,credit institution rural literacy ,agriculture research & extension etc together plays key role in determining output in India.
  8. 8. 5.Tecnology application: • Technology enables the branch to go where the customer is present. • It helps in reducing operating cost of providing banking services in rural areas & to low income groups. • National agriculture policy lays emphasis on the rapid development of agriculture in India. • DAC (dept of agricultural & cooperation )has developed four portals & 40 websites i.e. DACNET,AGMARKNET,DAC & AgRIS.
  9. 9. 6. Capital formation in agriculture: • Productivity in agriculture is also dependent on capital formation both from public & private sectors. • Gross capital formation in agriculture relative to GDP in this sector has shown an improvement from 9.6% in 2000-01 to 12.5% in 2006-07.but it should be raised to 14 % to achieve a growth of 4% in this sector.
  10. 10. 7. Crop Insurance • Productivity in agriculture also depends on various external factors like monsoons ,pests ,diseases ,drought & other natural calamities .So crops need to be covered under insurance to provide financial support to farmers. • For this we have NATIONAL AGRICULTURE INSURANCE SCHEME.
  11. 11. 8. BETTER QUALITY SEEDS: • The seed should have the characteristic like better grain quality, resistance to pests & diseases & suitability to the agro-climatic conditions & quality of high rate of germination & high yielding. • So we have National Seed Policy 2002 provides the framework for growth of the seed sector.

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