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  • 1. Boosting Agricultural production Team members- Arpit Gupta Abhinav Gupta Abhishek Pandey Avi Kumar Anshul Kumar
  • 2. An increase in agricultural production can result from an increase in area under cultivation (horizontal expansion) and /or from an increase in the productivity (vertical expansion). Productivity has two aspects to it, viz., land productivity and labour productivity.
  • 3. Food Grains Production MillionTons
  • 4. Measures to improve agricultural productivity 1.Irrigation potential • It has been increased through public funding & assisting farmers to create potential on their own farms. The total irrigation potential in the country has increased from 81.1 million hectares in 1991-92 to 102.8 million hectares in 2006-07. • only 73.5 % irrigation potential has been created out of which 87.2 million hectares(84.9 %) is actually utilized. The scope of expanding irrigation through large & medium scale project has yet to be fully exploited.
  • 5. 2.Diversification of agriculture • Diversification of agriculture to horticulture & other areas is also high on the govt agenda. Besides raising farmer's income ,this results in better utilization of resources, creation of employment & growth. • National Horticulture Mission & Mission for Horticulture in the north east & other hilly areas have been set up to promote horticulture in a mission mode.
  • 6. 3.Exploiting production potential : • To achieve expected level of productivity, farmer must be guided by experts in respect of soil & water analysis for adopting the best diversified cropping system ,meticulous adoption of technology (when & how), judicious use of seeds,fertilisers,pesticides,water,labour & credit. • supply of inputs must be of standard quality, reasonable priced & timely available. There is need to establish farm inputs & equipment regulatory & development authority.
  • 7. 4.Rural infrastructure for farm growth: • there is a positive correlation between infrastructure development & aggregate agricultural productivity. • rural infrastructure as irrigation water shed development, rural electrification ,roads,markets,credit institution rural literacy ,agriculture research & extension etc together plays key role in determining output in India.
  • 8. 5.Tecnology application: • Technology enables the branch to go where the customer is present. • It helps in reducing operating cost of providing banking services in rural areas & to low income groups. • National agriculture policy lays emphasis on the rapid development of agriculture in India. • DAC (dept of agricultural & cooperation )has developed four portals & 40 websites i.e. DACNET,AGMARKNET,DAC & AgRIS.
  • 9. 6. Capital formation in agriculture: • Productivity in agriculture is also dependent on capital formation both from public & private sectors. • Gross capital formation in agriculture relative to GDP in this sector has shown an improvement from 9.6% in 2000-01 to 12.5% in 2006-07.but it should be raised to 14 % to achieve a growth of 4% in this sector.
  • 10. 7. Crop Insurance • Productivity in agriculture also depends on various external factors like monsoons ,pests ,diseases ,drought & other natural calamities .So crops need to be covered under insurance to provide financial support to farmers. • For this we have NATIONAL AGRICULTURE INSURANCE SCHEME.
  • 11. 8. BETTER QUALITY SEEDS: • The seed should have the characteristic like better grain quality, resistance to pests & diseases & suitability to the agro-climatic conditions & quality of high rate of germination & high yielding. • So we have National Seed Policy 2002 provides the framework for growth of the seed sector.

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