Patang007

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Patang007

  1. 1. Boosting Skill set: Increasing the Employability of Youth Submission Team: Sonal Garg Praveen Prabhakar Niharika Kori Aashritha Chowdary T Prasanth K. G. Indian Institute of Management, Rohtak
  2. 2. India has the largest, youngest population in the world, but also the most unemployable youth population due to lack of skilled workforce. Causes of the problem • Poverty. • Low literacy level in rural and urban areas. • Poor level of skills- – English and Communication skills. – Analytical and problem solving skills. • Limited access to and capacity of vocational training institutes. • Lack of domain specific knowledge. • Lack of focus skills required in the current job market. • Poor quality of mainstream education. • Frequent technological changes. • Annually over 40 million people register in employment exchanges, only 0.2 million get jobs. • About 80% of the workforce does not possess identifiable marketable skills. • over 75% of the new jobs to be created will be ‘skill-based’. Source: Ficci Report,2012 96% 80% 75% 68% 10% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% 120% Korea Japan Germany UK India % of workforce receiving skilled training in 2008 Solution Proposed MARKET ANALYSIS Implementation
  3. 3. Even after special emphasis on skill development in the Eleventh Five Year Plan with the formation of a special task force, NSDC and other ministries have met only 16.5% of their target for 2012-13 •Set up Yuva Mitra Kendras upto Taluka level. •Community driven employment. •It will act as the information, Skill development and Community awareness Centre Solution Proposed •Expectation-“Coordinated Action on Skill Development” with 3-tier institutional skill development structure consisting of (i) PM’s National Council(ii) National Skill Development Coordination Board (NSDCB),(iii) National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC)created in early 2008 for developing the required employment facilities to tap most of the available job opportunities in the future . • Hence the main concern is to map the right person to right skills and thus to the right employment. Why this solution? •Bottom-up instead of top-down approach for imparting skills. •Region specific approach. •Community driven approach. •Filling the gaps in the existing system by ensuring right job for the right person with the right skills. Advantage over existing system Solution Proposed MARKET ANALYSIS Implementation Source: Ficci Report,2012
  4. 4. Yuva Mitra Kendra (A Community Driven Employment Centre) Introduction: It’s a community driven employment center at Taluka level to increase employability and ensuring employment at grass root level. it would have co-operative structure at Taluka level and federal structure at national level. YMK (Yuva Mitra Kendra) will act as the information, Skill development and Community awareness Centre. VISION: To maximize the Indian youth potential by providing them with the right skills and right employment opportunities thereby ensuring overall development of youth and the country. Objectives: • Information bank for skills available, employment opportunities and unemployed or under employed youth. • Recognizing needs and devising solutions at local community level. • Developing skills as per the current market demand. • Creating awareness among the people in developing their skills to increase efficiency in their profession. • Facilitating special training and awareness program for female citizen. Yuva Mitra Kendra Employment Information Centre Skill Development Centre Community Awareness Centre Solution Proposed MARKET ANALYSIS Implementation
  5. 5. YMK as Information Centre Need of Information • Preparing database of youth. Attributes like Personal information, educational qualification, Work experience, Current domain and Career preference. • Mapping available opportunity with the required skills. • Follow-up of government employment opportunities and skill development initiatives. • Exploring the scope of - a) entrepreneurship b) improvement in parental occupation • Finding out favorable jobs and opportunities for women. Advantages • Placing right skill to the right place. • Imparting right skill to right person • Developing dedicated skilled workers as per available opportunities. • Bringing employer and employee on the common platform. • Better negotiable environment for employer and employee. • Encouraging entrepreneurship. • Developing a positive and proactive network. YMK INFORMATION CENTRE Functional Algorithm Solution Proposed MARKET ANALYSIS Implementation • To measure the magnitude of problem. • To analyze the root cause of problem. • To determine potential of employment in region. • To map skill and education level of youth. • To develop trust with people
  6. 6. YMK as Skill Development Centre • To ensure efficiency, productivity, safety and security. • Rapid technological advancement • Specializing in the job and ensuring quality production. • To create and attract new opportunities • For better remunerations. • Self employment and women empowerment • Short duration vocational courses based on education level and available employment opportunities. • Special aided program as per technological advancement. • Promoting skill that helps in setting up of small scale industry. • Coordinating with different VET centre and ministries. • Encouraging women and farmers to utilize their non-working time . • Better efficiency and productivity will bring better pay in return. • It will attract investors and new job opportunities • Leads to know how of latest technology. • Ensuring economic freedom of women. • Faster career growth. • Increasing efficiency and productivity. Solution Proposed MARKET ANALYSIS Implementation Need of Skill Development AdvantagesFunctional Algorithm
  7. 7. YMK as Community Awareness Centre • India is socially, culturally and economically diverse nation. • Need of each and every community or locality is different. • Creating proactive attitude among people. • To share the vision youth mitra kendra. • To ensure their active participation • Aligning them with vision of YMK • Encouraging them to work together and form co-operatives to solve their problems. • Counseling them about new skill development program of govt. and its benefits. • Motivating them to start self employment activities. • Convincing about need of proper education, women employment etc. • It will unite everyone through shared interest. • Community involvement will make enforcement of plans more effective. • Helps to identify the their need clearly • It will encourage positive energy towards education and development work • It will create a pull to drive Yuva Mitra Kendra Solution Proposed MARKET ANALYSIS Implementation Need of Community Awareness Center Advantages Functional Algorithm
  8. 8. The 69 districts account for 17.5% of India’s illiterate, 21.12 % of the poor Source: Indicus Analytics, India today -2003 Selection of 20 backward districts for pilot project Based on the feedback, expansion of project to other districts with required modifications. •Gulbarga •Godda •Balangir •Rayagada •Mayurbhanj •Chatra •Dumka •Banka •Siwan •Changlang •Tirap • Lohit •Damoh • Dhar •Jhabua •Basti •Bijnor •Budaun •Supaul Most Backward districts PHASE-1 MARKET ANALYSIS Implementation PHASE-2
  9. 9. MHRD State Level Centre District Level Centre Taluka Level Centre …. District Level Centre …. Taluka Level Centre YMK Community .. … …. …. … …. …. YMK Model MARKET ANALYSIS Implementation • Hierarchical structure with offices at 4 levels- • Taluka level. • District level. • State level. • Central level. • Hierarchical structure would be responsible for guiding program in right direction at macro level. • Taluka level - Engine of YMK Model with community group attached. • Human Resource required -2 Yuva Mitra • District level- Handling and management of all talukas of that district, Equipped with a expert team to counsel and train youth. • Human Resource required -4 Yuva Mitra and 1 officer. • State level- Handling and management of all districts of that state, Equipped with a expert team to counsel and train youth. • Human Resource required -1 Director, 1 Dep. Director and 4 Staffs • Central level- Handling and management of all states • Human Resource required -1 Chairman (1+2) For each state
  10. 10. Cost Estimation for pilot project Human resource Infrastructure Office Estimation (Cost) No. of centers Total cost Initial Monthly Annual Talukas 2 Yuva Mitra lease/Existing Govt.Facilities Furniture, Computers etc. 50,000 30,000 20,000 203 87290000 District 1 officer 4 Yuva Mitra Lease/Existing Govt. Facilities Furniture, Vehicle, Computers etc. 250,000 100,000 20,000 20 29400000 State 1 Director 1 Dep. Director 4 Staffs New separate building Furniture, Vehicle,Sub-Server, Computers etc. 550,000 150,000 50,000 0 0 Central 1 Chairman (1+2) For each state New separate building Furniture, Vehicle, Main Server, Computers etc 750,000 1,460,000 100,000 1 18370000 Estimation 135060000 MARKET ANALYSIS Implementation
  11. 11. THANK YOU..

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