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  1. 1. AGRICULTURE IN INDIA – A SYSTEMATIC APPROACH Submitted by: Team Parthiv Fedora Lia Dias Dhananjay Gautam Atheena Charly Sithara M Kishan Konannavar
  2. 2. Comparison of Agricultural profile India China Brazil US Indonesia Total Area (000 km²) 3287 9706 8515 9286 1920 Population (millions) 1241 1344 196.7 313.9 242.2 Agricultural land area (%) 60 56.21 31.27 44.1 30 Labor force in agriculture(%) 53 34.8 15.7 0.7 38.9 Agriculture contribution to GDP % 13 10 6 1 15 % of fertilizer produced 181.4 298.6 241.1 105.8 113.5 Agricultural machinery: Tractors Per 100 sq. km of arable land 128 81 129 271.3 2 PRESENT SCENARIO Floriculture & Seeds 4% Fruits and Vegetables 11% Processed Fruits & Vegetables 12% Animal Products 19% Other Processed Foods 18% Non Basmati Rice 20% Basmati Rice 13% Wheat & Other Cereals 3% Fig.1 AGRICULTURE PRODUCE IN INDIA Expenditure Gross Capital formation(GC F) GCF in Agriculture % 2009-10 10870.15 160348 8.3 2010-11 17052.59 181562 8.2 2011-12 16354.70 212344 8.2 ECONOMIC PROFILE Table 1 Table 2
  3. 3. Milk 35% Fishery 2% Oil seeds 3% Sugar Cane 10% Rice 21% Wheat 18% Coarse Cereal 6% Pulses 5% Other 50% Consumption Fig.2 Milk 17% Fishery 1% Oil seeds 4% Sugar Cane 52% Rice 10% Wheat 10% Coarse Cereal 4% Pulses 2% Other 26% Production Fig.3 Fertilizer Nutrient Consumption (Mill Ton) Foodgrain Production (Mill Ton) Incremental Fertilizer Nutrient Consumption (Mill Ton) Incremental Food Grain (Mill Ton) 2005-06 20.34 208.6 1.9 10.2 2006-07 21.65 217.3 1.3 8.7 2007-08 22.57 230.8 0.9 13.5 2008-09 24.91 234.5 2.3 3.7 2009-10 26.26 218.2 1.3 -16.3 2010-2011 29.93 225.5 3.7 7.3 Fruits 35% Vegetables 31% Cereals 15% Fishery 7% Others 12% Wastage of food Fig.4 Table 2
  4. 4. Problems Increase in fertilizer but decline in productivity (table 2) 40% Food wastage (Fig.4) Increase in import and decline in export (Fig.6) Food crisis Farmers suicide Growth in farm output has slowed down Only 13% contribution to GDP 0 5 10 15 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 Agriculture import to total import % Agriculture export to total export % Fig.6 ROOTS OF LESS PRODUCTIVITY Farm er • 3.3 Trader • 4.1 Wholesa ler • 1.7 Retailer • 2.5 Consum er • 11.6 Farm er • 2.2 Trader • 2.3 Wholes aler • 1 Retailer • 1.5 Consu mer • 7 Cost build up for one kilogram of average basket of fruit (fig5a ) and vegetables(fig 5b) Fig.5(a) Fig.5(b)
  5. 5. Causes Markets underdeveloped Fragmentation of land Produce do not meet international standards Lack of storage facility Middle level broker (Fig. 5) Lack of technological development Climatic changes Insufficient professional education of agriculturist Existing Govt. Schemes • Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojna • Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment guarantee act • Rashtriya swasthya Yojna • Integrated Rural Development Program • Gramin Bhandaran Yojna • Backward Region Grant Fund • Marketing Research & Information Network • National Agricultural Insurance scheme • Pilot weather based crop insurance scheme • Micro irrigation NO SYNCHRONIZATION HENCE!!! PROPOSING A NEW STRATEGY WHICH MAKES AGRICULTURE SECTOR A PUBLIC SECTOR UNDERTAKING CALLED AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT BUREAU (ADB) BUT!!!
  6. 6. STRATEGY (Introduction of ADB) Development Motivation Boosting Research and Technology in Agriculture Formation of Agriculture Development Bureau (ADB) ADB Offices in each District Survey and Communication Dept.. Human Resource Dept. Seeds and Fertilizer shop Finance & Insurance Dept. Machines & Tool Dept. Storage Dept. Marketing & Collection Dept. Research Centre Consultancy of Agriculture Vetenary Dept. Laboratory Seminar and Conferences National Competition in Agriculture Local Seminar arranged by Offices Panchayat Meetings Prize Money for Winners Exhibitions Sharing of Techniques
  7. 7. Survey & Communication Dept. Collecting samples of Field •Testing of Soil •Soil enriching fertilizer selection Collecting Data •Crops Type •Productivity •Land Distribution and Holding •Barren Land for dairies and Poultry •Productive Land for cultivation •Marine Place for fishing Resource Requirement •Crop Rotation •Demand forecasting Weather forecasting Human Resource Dept. Registration of Farmers Registration of Unemployment •Providing employment in Agriculture Communication with Survey and Fertilizer Dept. Receiving Complaints •Communication with Research Centre for solution Machines and Tools Dept. Provide Machines and Tools on rent on subsidized rate Estimation of Machines and tools required for the particular land. Procurement according to requirement Storage Dept. Construction of local Storage near farms per 10 Hectare of farm Registered Cold Storage for Every Office Emergency Storage Facility Finance & Insurance Dept. Provision for Agricultural Insurance Giving loans to farmers Providing free financial counseling to the Farmers. Keeping records for all in and out Marketing & Collection Dept. Collection of products directly from farmers Transportation Facility •To carry product from smaller to higher unit Calculation of market value of Products •Communication with current market •Analysis of future market trends Rate display for both selling and buying of Agricultural Products Seeds and Fertilizer Shop Receiving data of land and farmers from survey & HR Dept. According to the need it distribute: •Particular seeds for particular land •Fertilizer after seeing the soil analysis by survey dept. Provide food material and medicines for poultry and dairies Agriculture Development Bureau Departmental Structure
  8. 8. ADB Central Units 4 central units in each zone, i.e north, east, west, south Planning and execution Ensuring the flow of different goods all over the country Finding out markets for exporting Deciding the market value of products Giving instructions to head offices Fund allocation to smaller units Maintaining record of investment and gross capital formation Regular inspection ADB Head Offices One head office for coordinating 5 ADB units Research and development Giving technical assistance Maintaining exchange of tools and machineries Distribution of seeds, fertilizers & other inputs Maintaining quality of processes Planning and distribution of the products to market ADB units One ADB Unit for an agricultural population of 25,000 people Seven departments come under each unit as mentioned above Providing cold storage houses Management of farmers and land allocation Collection of products from farms Getting unused land on lease Supply of machineries Supply of seeds, fertilizers & other inputs HIERACHY OF ADB SYSTEM
  9. 9. Setup of Agricultural Development Bureau : A Case Study in Kerala Setting up of ADB Head Office •Total Population: •Population in Agriculture: •We divide 14 districts into 6 zones and, as shown in figure, establish one ADB head office for each zone. •Hence, the agricultural population is evenly distributed in the six zones. Setting up of ADB Units •For each ADB head office 5 ADB units should be there. •ADB unit’s range should be decided according to the agricultural population in each district. •ADB units function as per the rules and regulations in the strategy explained in earlier slides. •After successful implementation in Kerala, the strategy can be implemented throughout the country.
  10. 10. Planning •Survey of Agricultural land & collection of agricultural statistics •Planning organizational hierarchy •Developing ADB Head Office •per five ADB unit •Research Centre in one head office as explained above •Provide technological assistance •Coordination with ADB unit •Deciding demand & supply of Agro Products •According to Farmer Population division of Agro land & assigning ADB units per particular fraction of land. Developing Infrastructure •Setting up ADB Head offices •Existing R&D centers should merge and setting up new if required •Building offices by the funds which is given for Submerged schemes •Setting up ADB units •Existing local offices and Govt. shops are included •Present storage godowns are used and building new storage if required •Supply of Machinery and tools depend of type of farming •Seven Departments should be set up as explained above Recruitment •Specialist Officers in Agriculture, Technology and Management recruited •First recruitment for Central unit is done then recruitment for ADB units should be done. •For each seven departments different skill set and different field of people required. •Large number of vacancies for clerks, drivers, shopkeepers, accountants are evolved •Complete man force according to the Organizational Hierarchy should be recruited. STEPS INVOLVED IN IMPLEMENTING THE SYSTEM
  11. 11. Challenges • Raising funds • Developing Infrastructures • Merging of current schemes will be difficult • Transfer of employees from present schemes to ADB • Allocation of Resources • Large initial Investment • Giving Boost to new Technology • High level management Advantages of Present solution • Increase in productivity • Removal of farmer exploitation • Removal of Middleman • Reduction in wastage of crops and food • Technological development • Security and insurance for farmers • Profit for both Govt. and Farmers • Increasing employment • Enriching soil with fertilizers and crop rotation • Opportunity for research and innovation in agriculture • Reduction in Poverty of famers • Ensuring National food security • Improve in quality of food • Rise in export of agricultural products • Synchronization of different Govt. Schemes • Effective utilization and distribution of resources Disadvantages • Huge investment is required • If present schemes are not merged then it is very difficult to continue with this scheme • Miscommunication between different department is very necessary otherwise system will fall • It is very difficult to change mentality of farmer about the new techniques as they stick to the old approaches
  12. 12. Refrences • World Bank Data • Reserve bank of India, handbook of statistics of Indian economy • Ministry of agriculture • Department of agriculture and cooperation • AGMARKNET • Central Statistical Organisation • • •