•India stands with a total population of 1.27 billion (according to the data 2013) out of which 50%
constitutes of the youth
•In the year 2012, 28999 thousand persons were employed with regard to 41750 thousands being
•As country progresses, the difference between the rich and the poor should reduce; which unfortunately
is opposite in the case of our nation
•Education being an important, long term effective method to remove poverty, whose importance was
seen only during the eleventh and the twelfth year plan.
•In 2011, the total literate rate stands at 82% (amongst youth) and 74.04% (in adult literate), which is a lot
due to a high rate of population.
•But the term to define the literacy bar is when any person who can read and write in any on of his
language is termed a literate.
•How relevant does it stands in his practical life?
•A person is benefitted when his knowledge helps him achieve skills and help for the economic growth of
•Getting a degree is easy, only when education helps to deal with the day to day chores in life, increases
the standard of living.
•Only when education in the country can help people get a job, will people be interested in investing in the
education sector; this increases the opportunity cost of investing in the educational sector.
•Education also imparts the ability to think, bringing out the innovative ideas and creativity, thereby
increasing the number of entrepreneur and thereby ensuring growth in the country.
Lack of Proper Education
• People’s approach and their outlook towards education
• A poor prefers their children to earn from the labor in the
field than waste time in studying
• The caste hierarchy (social disparity)
• Conflict of culture between the traditional and modern
• Lack of proper infrastructure for such institutions, the
huge number of dropouts from the school, individuals
having diversified interest to name a few.
Lack in quality
2008, 50% of 3rd standard students can read a standard 1
text; by 2012 the rate declined by 30%.
Pupil-teacher ratio was 1:46 in primary schools and
1:59 in upper primary schools. The ideal ratio is 1:30
and 1:35 for primary and upper primary respectively.
There are only 68% and 89% permanent teachers in
primary schools and upper primary schools respectively.
Lack of financial motivation for teachers
No proper teacher’s training programme
•Proper recruitment of teachers (both subjective and objective category needs to be
•Regular teacher’s training programmes
•Increase in the pupil-teacher’s ratio
•Proper and regular financial incentives of the teachers
•Innovative approach in teaching rather than the colonial corporal teaching
•attendance can be secured by empowering Gram Sabha to take action against absentee
•Increase in the awareness of education
•Bridging the gap between the teachings in classes and implementing them in the life; for
example: cleanliness, honesty, basic mathematics to help in the calculation on a day to day
•Also by conducting regular test for the students, not only via written approach but even
spoken to get the flair of the language and instill a confidence among the students.
•The education being imparted should not only focus on the textual concept but also help
in bring the ability to imagine and think beyond the textual concept
•Focus on skill development (Activity based learning)
•Bring in the concept of vocational training from the very roots in itself
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In the past decade (2001-10) there bas been a substantial increase by 71% for boys
and 110% for girls in rural areas for attendance and in urban areas, the growth was
40% for boys and 45% for girls, which is a substantial progress but considering the
growth of population, is rather too low.
Men forms a crucial workforce of the country, hence the dropout among men is more
then the girls.
Due to increase in awareness, the demand for educated women is more due to better
prospect for marriage.
Though the attendance rate of women has increased, the working force of women is
still less. And the prevailing social discrimination of the lower class and women in the
The existence of private education who charges a huge lump sum on enrollment,
thereby not including the poorer section of the society.
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•A desperate change in module of the class by instilling a self esteem of the classes.
•A requirement of a specialist in psychology to help students talk and overcome their problems.
•Government aid; scholarships for further studies to the students who are economically backward
but brilliant and hard working students.
•Reserving seats for the ones who are financially backward by citing their income tax statement
and profits earned by them.
•Also, by keeping honest and strict inspectors working for the income tax for the same with a
substantial amount of income and compulsory insurance of his/her entire family.
•Changing the entire concept of education to the benefits derived from it (the ultimate job) and
also by bringing
•Strict regulation of all the private schools by the government to remove the discrepancies of
bribes for the students and thereby reducing the disparity and making education a necessity in
•Parents council should be empowered with regulatory powers so that the sincerity of teachers
can be effectively ensured.
•There should be a mutual understanding between the parents and the students
•An open concept towards education: Anju Musafir, the owner of Mahatma Gandhi
International school can be cited as an important example, where both the rich and the poor
children come to be imparted the same level of education (A class with no barriers)
Only 68% schools have separate classrooms for each teacher. 4% schools have
9% upper primary schools have proper furniture.
50% schools do not have useable toilets. 9% schools have no toilet facility.
No drinking water facility in 13% schools.
38% schools have no boundary or fencing, 9% schools have damaged boundary
42% schools have no play ground, 64% lack staff rooms.
Merely 8% schools have separate room for library.
Only 40% have first aid kit.
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•School buildings are institutions of reflecting the minds of children, it needs to
instill encouragement among students to think more. It should be clean and proper
staff for cleaning should be maintained. The principal of the school needs to keep a
check on it regularly.
•There should compulsory be a playground for the children with good amount of
trees, so that the students learn not only within the four boundaries of the wall but
even outside it.
•Big corporate house can be utilized for funding under corporate social
responsibility by way of a legislation, which would also help them earn a reduction
in tax rates.
•Digitization of all schools should done so that a well connected network can be
created and will help reduce corruption and ensure transparency
•An independent commission without political intervention like election commission
to implement educational policies and more power to be given to local self
government be it Gram-Panchayat or Municipality to look after implementation of
•Help in bring NGOs, a parallel unit to work for the educational institutions.
•Also, by ensuring that making social responsibility a compulsory subject (credit-
earning) in the college level to understand the working of such institutions.
•Census of India
•ASER Report 2012
•Nanda, K.Prashant,(Feb 28,2013)., Budget 2013: Chidambaram
allocatesRs.65,869 crore for education
•Thangevelu, Sumithra., Activity Based Learning: A radical Change in
•Sarv Shiksha Abhiyan