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  1. 1. Brain Gain : Promoting Research and Innovation An effective Industry Academia Interface model to bridge the gap Team Detail : Shyam SundEr PRASAD, IITB Prudhvi Tej Immadi, IITB Rahul Prajapat, IITB Sagar Sharma, IITB DEEPAK MALANI, IITB
  2. 2. Two outcomes of good education Enabling to migrate to a better attractive society “Conveyance” Following the first world countries and delivering their needs Betterment in situ elevation Interpreting societal needs and translating to application The dormant potential of 54% youth in the 130 crore population • ‘Drinking water Problem’ is not really a technical problem. Even though it is, it is a research problem for ‘lower’ Indian Institutions to address. Great deficit of courses in societal modeling. Inverted incentive structure in socio- economically important engineering job market. Separated R&D and curricular teaching. Research of relevance to state and society of developed world and not ours. Poor skillset in undergraduate students.
  3. 3. Addressing societal needs through engineering college students • Creating an ecosystem among students enabling research aptitude towards socio economic issues • Building Industry- Academia Interface • Creating a conducive environment for new industries to flourish Vision Industry Academia Filling this gap by Government intervention How ? By setting set up “Educational Institutes Innovation Cell (EIIC)” in every higher educational institutes Primary Objectives • Taking up projects from local PSUs, regional SMEs, NGOs, Cooperatives and including the same in regular curriculum • Joint Curriculum programs : Internships and apprenticeships from various industries and various bodies • Setting up research labs Further Roles • Celebrating Innovation : awards and distinctions to successful projects • Central database : making the solution accessible to all
  4. 4. Organization of “Educational Institute’s Innovation Cell (EIIC)” Setting up of innovation cells at institute level NiNC • Central Body • Source for leveraging funding • Organizing rational conventions and conferences SiNC • State level Body • Responsible for maintaining state database • Organizing State level conventions EIIC • Educational Institute Innovation Cell set up at institute level • Consists of 4-5 enthusiasts professors, representation from each discipline Further Tasks, Structure and Organization of EIIC : Course Development Team • Discuss and approve problems jointly with MSMEs, PSUs and NGOs • Design course projects structures and float for students • Identify relevant personnel from each stakeholder Organizing Team •Brainstorming sessions especially for freshmen. •Conduct seminars , talks by practicing professionals. •Orientation sessions for faculties. Apprenticeship / Training Team • Nodal point for contacting PSU’s, industries and leverage them. • Internships 3/6/12 months long • Practical training before becoming a professional Media / Publicity Team • Ensure coverage of everything in leading newspapers Infrastructure Team • Provide lab facilities to projects and funding • Developing new infrastructure • Helping teams in taking prototype to product phase • Examples : B.E.S.T. buses tracking / monitoring system, Rain water harvesting systems
  5. 5. Working of EIIC Societal Projects : from Industries to academia Government Undertakings • Like PSUs(BSNL), Railways, PWDs, Electricity boards, Services • Eg: Redesigning of Public Transport system MSMEs • Local MSME’s get broken down due to simple and sheer engineering troubles. • Eg: Electric motors remain unrepaired and hand pumps broken NGOs, Cooperatives and Local bodies • Their surveys reveal a lot of problems which can be addressed. • Eg: Much water is carried by little girls on head, which when improved will have great implications PVT LTDs • Connect large industries with students providing required tool kits to stay abreast with engineering community. • More initiatives like TI- University Program. Courses •Compulsory introductory course for freshmen involving their thinking ability with proper guidance •Floating of 2-3 societal projects each semester supported by proper funding •Credit system for courses, certification and ensuring implementation of successful projects Sessions •Motivation session for freshmen, sensitizing them and making them aware of Indian needs and problems •Sessions for professors for improvement in their deliverance •Conduct seminars, talks and events on periodic basis by eminent industrial personalities and researchers
  6. 6. Further roles of EIIC Accentuating the tasks taken up • National and State level awards and distinctions for successful projects. • Conventions and conferences calling out for the active professor and students and the presentation of their work. • Coverage of all events and seminars in media, thereby giving the students and professors a sense of recognition. Celebrating Innovation • EIIC helps in setting up student bodies which aim to increase the reach of projects and technical activities. • This body also can take care of proper funding and accountability of EIIC in the institute. Student Bodies • All projects offered by EIIC’s and their solutions compiled. • Compiled data sent to respective SInC for maintaining central database • Aimed to strengthen national knowledge network Central Database
  7. 7. Building Industry Academia Interface •Wide spread apathy towards applied, interdisciplinary research and industrial needs •Lack of proper infrastructure, R&D labs •Lower confidence in academia •Dependent on foreign technologies Academia Industries Need of Hour Bridging the gap
  8. 8. Promoting Innovation in India Establishing new Industries, How ? • EIIC projects addressing societal issues should be encouraged towards Entrepreneurship. • Source of skilled manpower available to industries Through EIICs • 51% of manufacturing start-ups are closed before 4 years of operation. • This can be changed by giving them proper insurance and security policies, especially for manufacturing start-ups Entrepreneurship friendly policies • Their aim of maximizing revenue is to be addressed, simultaneously encouraging them to research. • Strengthening of IPR policies and incentivizing those industries that carry on research. Through Existing Industries •Incubating those independent researchers like those under Honey bee network by promoting the commercialization of their products Through Independent Researchers •Coordinating between EIIC and CSIR labs and thereby driving national research towards translational research. Setting up manufacturing Labs
  9. 9. Impact of the model New Innovative India • Indian industries satisfying Indian demand • Boosting economy by decreasing import dependency • Innovation reaching to all levels of society through EIICs people • Increased applied research aptitude • Students empowered, skillsets enhanced • Increased social consciousness • Many new innovations centric industries • Incubation of start ups into enterprises • Increased use of indigenous technology • Development of manufacturing industries Academia Industry  EIIC projects  Skilled manpower  Innovative ideas  Training / apprenticeship  Infrastructure  Entrepreneurial skills
  10. 10. Total Funding Required Fixed Cost EIIC establish ment cost Research labs Technical Equipmen t's Running Cost Equipment AMC Contingency Consumables Funding from Government and corporate bodies * Flexibility of funding depending on the impact of solution of the problem • Existing government organizations like institute bodies, NInC, SInCs, National knowledge Commission (NKC) etc • Government R&D labs (CSIR) • Government undertakings like PSUs, Railways, PWDs etc.
  11. 11. Challenges involved and Risk factors Challenges : • Institution to institution Non-uniformity of infrastructure and facilities • Ensuring Industrial involvement • Finding enthusiastic professors Risks : • Accountability of funds • Replication of same problem • Complacency from students Mitigation factors : • EIIC is having the same unique and fresh architecture all over the country • Liberal policies for participating industries and special award for academia-industry research • Incentives and awards Mitigation factors : • A constant vigilance from student bodies • Central database • Brainstorming sessions
  12. 12. Appendix References • Science, Technology and Innovation Policy 2013, Government of India. • Engineering R&D at the IITs and its impact on India, appeared in Current Science, June 2012 – Milind Sohoni. • Towards An Integrated Model for Academia-Industry Interface in India,Vinay K. Nangia, Cashmira Pramanik, World Academy of Sciences. • Innovation in India, National Knowledge Commission, 2007. • Chapter-7 Innovation Cluster Initiative, Samir Mitra, Office of Advisor to Prime Minister of India. • Ministry of Statistics and Programme • – National Innovation council