Rural Employment for Women using Biofuel Plants
Bhavna Choraria | Kunal Gulati | Piyush Singh | Sonal Jain | Vikas Gujral
© Bhavna Choraria | Kunal Gulati | Piyush Singh | Sonal Jain | Vikas Gujral Manthan 2013
Rural Income Disparity counters W...
© Bhavna Choraria | Kunal Gulati | Piyush Singh | Sonal Jain | Vikas Gujral Manthan 2013
Innovative Solution– Biofuel Plan...
© Bhavna Choraria | Kunal Gulati | Piyush Singh | Sonal Jain | Vikas Gujral Manthan 2013
Biofuel market and future prospec...
© Bhavna Choraria | Kunal Gulati | Piyush Singh | Sonal Jain | Vikas Gujral Manthan 2013
Collection of Agricultural waste
...
© Bhavna Choraria | Kunal Gulati | Piyush Singh | Sonal Jain | Vikas Gujral Manthan 2013
Briquetting plant
 Joint ownersh...
© Bhavna Choraria | Kunal Gulati | Piyush Singh | Sonal Jain | Vikas Gujral Manthan 2013
Biomass Briquettes to Market
 Pr...
© Bhavna Choraria | Kunal Gulati | Piyush Singh | Sonal Jain | Vikas Gujral Manthan 2013
Alliances & Partnerships
 Techno...
© Bhavna Choraria | Kunal Gulati | Piyush Singh | Sonal Jain | Vikas Gujral Manthan 2013
Project Impact & Sustainability
9...
© Bhavna Choraria | Kunal Gulati | Piyush Singh | Sonal Jain | Vikas Gujral Manthan 2013
Financial Details
 Costs
• Briqu...
© Bhavna Choraria | Kunal Gulati | Piyush Singh | Sonal Jain | Vikas Gujral Manthan 2013
Risks and Mitigation
 People not...
© Bhavna Choraria | Kunal Gulati | Piyush Singh | Sonal Jain | Vikas Gujral Manthan 2013
Team
 Bhavna Choraria
• Passiona...
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  1. 1. Rural Employment for Women using Biofuel Plants Bhavna Choraria | Kunal Gulati | Piyush Singh | Sonal Jain | Vikas Gujral
  2. 2. © Bhavna Choraria | Kunal Gulati | Piyush Singh | Sonal Jain | Vikas Gujral Manthan 2013 Rural Income Disparity counters Women Empowerment  Income Disparity • 70% of women live in rural India • Income dependent on agriculture, which has growth of 2-3% • Rural-urban income disparity is 91% • Gender income disparity prominent in rural India 2 Rural-Urban Income Disparity Gender Inequality in Rural India
  3. 3. © Bhavna Choraria | Kunal Gulati | Piyush Singh | Sonal Jain | Vikas Gujral Manthan 2013 Innovative Solution– Biofuel Plants in Rural India 3 Use of agricultural waste as Bio-Fuel Implementation Strategy Advantages over alternatives  Rural India is one of the biggest producers of Agricultural waste in the World  Bio-fuel is cheaper & has low carbon emission than coal  Demand for renewable energy is rising  Additional source of income for Rural India  One briquetting plant will cover 10 villages (~10 plants per tehsil)  Women entrepreneurs in Villages to collect agricultural waste from farms and ensure delivery to the plant  Storage space in plants to ensure off-season production  Delivery of biomass briquettes to local industries  Agricultural waste is mostly burned away  No intermediate collector of waste and producer of briquettes – Direct sale between villagers and industry  If implemented nationally, second biggest income generator in rural India after Agriculture
  4. 4. © Bhavna Choraria | Kunal Gulati | Piyush Singh | Sonal Jain | Vikas Gujral Manthan 2013 Biofuel market and future prospects  India is one of the biggest CO2 emitters in the world  Global environment commitments has put a pressure to ensure reduction in emissions and earn carbon credits  Industries which use biomass briquettes – Beverage, Pharmaceuticals  Biomass briquettes have higher calorific value than coal  Despite the huge demand for biomass fuel, Coal is still widely used 4 Agriculture waste is the most abundantly available biomass But lack of any organized supply limits its usage
  5. 5. © Bhavna Choraria | Kunal Gulati | Piyush Singh | Sonal Jain | Vikas Gujral Manthan 2013 Collection of Agricultural waste  Rural women entrepreneurs and self-help groups in each village to manage collection of agricultural waste from local farms and ensure delivery to the plant  Credit policy with farmers - Price for agricultural waste will be made to the farmer with in 30 days of collection  Agricultural waste will include – Rice husk, wheat husk, groundnut shells, coffee shells • Leafs & twigs will be included as well to ensure enough agricultural waste 5
  6. 6. © Bhavna Choraria | Kunal Gulati | Piyush Singh | Sonal Jain | Vikas Gujral Manthan 2013 Briquetting plant  Joint ownership of briquetting plant among women entrepreneurs • Collaboration with NABARD & IREDA for financial assistance  10 briquetting plants per Tehsil • Each plant covering around 10 villages  10K – 20K sq.ft. plant to ensure enough storage space for agricultural waste  6 operators of the briquetting plant • Will comprise of 2-3 women to do less physical tasks such as feeding of waste in the machine and packing of produced briquettes 6 A Waste Storage Dryer Briquetting machine Ship to client factories B C D E F G H Villages
  7. 7. © Bhavna Choraria | Kunal Gulati | Piyush Singh | Sonal Jain | Vikas Gujral Manthan 2013 Biomass Briquettes to Market  Produced biomass briquettes to be shipped off to heat intensive industries • Industries which use boilers include beverage, pharmaceuticals, biotech, brick manufacturers etc.  Logistics to be outsourced to transportation companies  Long-term contracts with companies to ensure stable operations • Payment received from client within 2 weeks of delivery • Payment to farmers once collection from the client 7
  8. 8. © Bhavna Choraria | Kunal Gulati | Piyush Singh | Sonal Jain | Vikas Gujral Manthan 2013 Alliances & Partnerships  Technology partnerships for Procuring Briquetting Press & Machinery  Hi-Tech Agro  Lehra fuel-tech  Financial institutions for providing Microfinance to women  NGOs and Self-Help Groups  Microfinance Institutions  Public Sector Banks  Government Finance Schemes  Cooperative banks  Sustainable technology for renewable energy  TERI  Ministry of New and Renewable Energy 8 Examples: Mann Deshi Mahila Bank – Regulated cooperative bank run by and for women that provides individual and group loans to rural women IREDA - Public Limited Government Company to promote, develop and extend financial assistance for renewable energy and energy efficiency projects
  9. 9. © Bhavna Choraria | Kunal Gulati | Piyush Singh | Sonal Jain | Vikas Gujral Manthan 2013 Project Impact & Sustainability 9 Employment and Self-Sustenance for rural women • Each women entrepreneur takes home cash of INR 37,000 • Profit of INR 1,000 per ton, production of 400 tons per month per plant • Assuming 10 women entrepreneurs (each taking a loan of INR 3.5 lacs), and 10% interest rate Cleaner and efficient fuel - Lower carbon emissions • 40% more efficient than firewood • Smokeless - Create no smoke, soot, or carbon deposits • Hotter and longer lasting than firewood Briquettes can be used in modified ‘chulhas’ to ensure Healthy Working Condition for rural women
  10. 10. © Bhavna Choraria | Kunal Gulati | Piyush Singh | Sonal Jain | Vikas Gujral Manthan 2013 Financial Details  Costs • Briquetting machine – INR 25 Lacs • Dryer – INR 10 Lacs • Agricultural waste from farmer – INR 500 per ton • Plant Lease – INR 1 Lac per annum (Subsidized) • Transportation – INR 500 per ton (including both agricultural waste and produced briquettes) • Labor – INR 5,000 per person per month (6 operators in a plant) • Electricity – Rs. 1.5 per KWh (Subsidized)  Revenue • Briquettes – INR 5,000 per ton  Throughput • 20 tons per day from each village • Machine capacity - 1 ton per hour 10
  11. 11. © Bhavna Choraria | Kunal Gulati | Piyush Singh | Sonal Jain | Vikas Gujral Manthan 2013 Risks and Mitigation  People not open to new concepts and technology  Unorganized sector of agricultural waste  Lack of knowledge about replacement of coal with biomass briquettes  Efficient sales strategy comprising of proper training and active after sales support  Women entrepreneurs in every village to manage collection of waste  Active cooperation from government 11 Risks Mitigation
  12. 12. © Bhavna Choraria | Kunal Gulati | Piyush Singh | Sonal Jain | Vikas Gujral Manthan 2013 Team  Bhavna Choraria • Passionate about Women rights and issues • Currently, Women-in-Business Club President at ISB Hyderabad  Kunal Gulati • Experience in Consulting and Business Development  Piyush Singh • Extensive experience of working in Thermal plants  Sonal Jain • Experience in Consulting and Business Development  Vikas Gujral • Passionate about Clean energy solutions in developing countries • Undergrad project on ocean wave energy was awarded by the Cabinet Minister of Water Resources 12
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