“Fairness to play : Introducing electoral reforms to reduce the
influence of money and muscle power in politics”
Elections today have become a great spectacle and the
electoral arena a big market......
Out of 543 new MPs,
162 (30%) have pending
criminal cases against
The number of MPs
with pending criminal
cases has increased
from 128 in Lok Sabha
2004 to 162 in Lok
The cost of general elections in
India is also set to more than
double this year from about
Rs.4500 crores and would be the
highest in the history of the
Average asset for a MP in the country is Rs.
4.5 crores. For calculating this average assets
of three MPs having assets more than hundred
crores have been excluded.
In the 7 years between 2004 and 2011, the congress received over
Rs.2004 crores from donors;the BJP got about Rs. 994 crore. These
amounts were declared by the parties. However the source of over
85% of the donations is not known.
Out of 543 MPs, 84 have not
declared their PAN details.
Around 300 present MPs are
known to be Crorepatis,
giving rise to the feeling that
in near future, being a
millionaire might become a
pre-requisite for the job
“ With great power comes great responsibility”
• Elections are the biggest source
of corruption in the country,
says the Ex Chief Election
Commissioner of India, S.Y.
Quraishi who urged the voters,
especially in the urban belt, to
use their voting rights to
choose the better ones.
• Quraishi says polls have turned
out to be the greatest sources of
corruption because a candidate
spending 5 crore to 10 crore
for getting elected obviously
looks forward in gaining what
he has spent.
• In parties like the SP, a candidate with
a clean record has an 18% chance of
winning, his chances go up to 31% if
he has a criminal record. In the BJP,
the chances of being elected with a
clean record is 28%, while with a
criminal record, chances go up to
• "While the average assets of 62,847
candidates, stood at Rs 1.37 crore,
those of MPs and MLAs stood at Rs
3.83 crore," said Trilochan Shastry,
one of the founding members of
stood at Rs
stood at Rs
Money power in elections is one of the biggest
sources of corruption in the country and although
there is a legal limit to expenditure, we know
anecdotally that much above the limit is often spent.
Elections are won by men and
women chiefly because most
people vote against somebody
rather than for somebody.
The intensity of influence of money power in electoral arena
today begs deeper analysis……
• Allowing voters to reject all of the candidates on the
ballot by selecting a “none of the above” option.
• There could be a provision, If a certain % of the vote is
negative/neutral, then the election results could be
nullified and a new election conducted.
• Educated and efficient lawyers should remain active.
Their participation will help many folds
• The number of quality law institutions in India should be
increased . Cloud campus system can also be
• Every participating front should be answerable to the
Election Commission og India for the donations received
during election, number of donors and the affidavit of
• This will ensure transparency in the system.
Indian Elections are full of last minute entrants…
The massive size of the Indian electorate makes general
elections an enormous and daunting exercise!
-Two Front System, The Debug Option!!!
Consider an example. There are 6
candidates fighting in the election,
A,B,C,D,E,F. After the counting ,the
total votes come out to be 700 which , as
per each candidate got , were-
Clearly A wins. But this is not the
majority’s will. We call it a majority
when ,for one party, more than half,
favours. A better system would be a two
party system wherein the public decides
,through its more than 50% votes, the
1.Law implementation will be
2.Lesser national chaos.
4. Greater Transparency
Parties should maintain their accounts,
which should be freely accessible to
people every time .
Right to recall- a proposed law in India that would allow voters to
recall their candidates before their term ends and request Election
Commission for fresh elections.
elections should be
held in every 15 years
with right to recall in
every 2.5 years.
If a front does good work
– no need of contesting
election every 5 years.
Its broad scope
* Leads to less expense
*The party in rule will
deliver its services
If any criminal case is
pending or even filed
against the person,
his candidature will
be null till given
No waste of time and
money because he wont
have to stand in election
again.if found guilty-
out of power
Its broad scope
will strive to make the
Cases will get
solved at better
Its broad scope
making for the
Awareness programs and measures to spread awareness should be strictly taken
into account for it is a powerful proposed right of the people!
• Granting Right to Reject is a balanced option . It is
safer and would not lead to constant political
upheaval. Parties would be forced to give ticket to a
candidate with clean and good past record. Good
representatives can actually be expected to keep up
their performance for next five years.
• Right to recall would make India a democracy in
the true sense. No need to tolerate a corrupt or
incompetent person for a full 5 year term.
Good performance of the chosen representative
would be ensured by Right to Recall because they
can be removed from position due to non-
• Rejection of RIGHT TO RECALL IS NOT A
WELCOMING TREND where the ultimate right
or decision rests with the polity in a true democracy.
Let the political parties include the
RIGHT TO RECALLAS AN AGENDA in their
The Worst case scenario , But The Revolution of
tomorrow- “DEMOCRATIC MONARCHY”
• Right to reject is a proposed voting option in India that would allow
voters who support none of the candidates available to them to register an
official vote of "none of the above"
• If first time the public(more than 40%) uses the right to reject then……
• If 40% population still does the same then by default, the district magistrate should be given charge
with his accountability towards the governor, till the next Right to recall.
• Activeness shall tend to increase. Now there will be a threat of not coming to power again. Till next
Right to recall, what shall happen is…..
• For that tentative period of time a backup body shall rule, within the constitutional
• This shall attempt to ignite the course of service back into the fronts’ candidates.
The Ifs and BUTs…..
Undue Fear: The representative would be in constant pressure to work the way
people want him. Constant fear will deter him from taking tough
decisions (e.g. permission to demolish/displace a temple or a Mosque
for expansion of road to facilitate the free movement of traffic.)
No certainty: There is uncertainty of the time period he would be serving the
public. This uncertainty would make it hard to make plans/policies
which yield substantial results in long term. To fulfill public
expectations, he will be forced to implement plans and decisions
yielding instant results!
Political rivals would make issue out of smallest of the mistake of
the representative and demand a recall election! This gives rise to
unnecessary political games!!
Corruption : Political opponents might bribe a group of people and prompt them
to demand the elections under Right to recall against present
Recall election would imply more expenditure of tax payer’s money
to organize re-elections time and again.
We need to bite the bullet now…..
Vast sections of rural and semi-urban voters are accustomed to receiving cash,
liquor or other goodies in exchange for their votes.
This not only leads to corruption, but also keeps out honest and capable individuals
from fighting elections.
For our democracy to enter the next level of maturity, we need to usher in a new
generation of Electoral Reforms.
The problem of the criminalization of politics needs to be tackled head on
The solution is to vote for better candidates and ensure higher turnouts.
Increased voter turnout will only have an impact if there is a wide choice of good
candidates and detailed information about their performance is available.
…. Satyamev Jayate