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  • 1. • ASHUTOSH VERMA(TEAM COORDINATOR) • VATSAL DEEPAK • ANURAG GUPTA • VIKAS ROHILAN • YAGYA PRAKASH
  • 2. The First Indian National Commission on Labour (1966-69) defined ‘unorganised sector workforce’ as – “those workers who have not been able to organize themselves in pursuit of their common interest dues to certain constraints like casual nature of employment, ignorance and illiteracy, small and scattered size of establishments”. UNORGANISED/INFORMAL SECTOR WORKERS
  • 3. Non-declaration of job or of employees. Casual jobs or jobs of a limited short duration. Jobs with hours of work or wages below a specified threshold (e.g., threshold for social security contributions) Employment by unincorporated enterprises of by persons in households Jobs where employee’s work of place is outside the premises of the employer’s enterprise REASONS FOR INFORMALITY
  • 4. Informal employment includes1: 1.Own-account workers working in their own informal enterprise. 2.Own-account worker producing goods exclusively for own final use by their household. 3.Contributing family workers, irrespective of whether they work in formal or informal sector enterprises 4.Members of informal producers’ cooperatives. 5.Employees holding informal jobs, whether employed by formal sector enterprises, informal sector enterprises or as domestic worker employed by households . CONCEPT OF INFORMAL SECTOR 1. International Conference of Labour Statistics (2003)
  • 5.  Wage work for informal enterprises.  Domestic work without a regular contract.  Casual day labour without a fixed employer.  Unregistered or undeclared work for formal or informal firms.  Temporary and part-time work for formal firms EXAMPLES (total = 106 activities): • Agriculture: landless labourers, small farmers, traditional artisans, animal husbandry . • Industry: workers in brick-kilns, construction, beedi-making, incense stick • Services: workers in local transport, shops, domestic servants, community services like street cleaning, street vendors, garbage collectors • Small Workshops: shoe makers, garment makers and embroiderers • At Home: garment workers artisans or craft producers On Rivers, Ponds, Lakes, and Oceans: fishermen, shippers CONCEPT OF INFORMAL ECONOMY
  • 6.  Employees are considered in informal employment when their employment relationship, in law or practice, is not subject to:  National labour legislation  Income taxation  Social protection or  Entitlement to certain employment benefits, e.g. paid annual leave, sick leave, etc. INFORMAL EMPLOYMENT
  • 7. INDUSTRIAL CATEGORY NO.OF PERSONS (IN MILLIONS) FORMAL SECTOR INFORMAL SECTOR AGRICULTURE 1.39 238.87 NON-AGRICULTURE 26.68 131.5 MINING &QUARRYING 1.01 1.25 CONSTRUCTION 1.17 16.36 TRADE,HOTELS &RESTAURANTS 0.49 40.37 TRANSPORT,STORAGE &COMM. 3.15 11.48 FINANCIAL SERVICES 1.65 3.29 COMMUNITY SERVICES 11.49 21.64 MANUFACTURING 6.71 37.07 ELECTRICITY,GAS AND WATER 1 0.04 ALL SECTORS 28.07 93%(370.37) ESTIMATES OF EMPLOYMENT IN INDIA
  • 8. URBAN SHARE (IN PERCENTAGE) MALE FEMALE TOTAL 1.EMPLOYED 51.8 13.9 33.7 2.UNEMPLOYED 2.4 0.8 1.6 3.LABOUR FORCE (1+2) 54.2 14.7 35.3 4.NOT COUNTED IN LABOUR FORCE 32.8 71.7 51.4 5.WORKING AGE POPULATION (3+4) 87 86.4 86.7 6.NON-WORKING AGE POPULATION 13 13.6 13.3 7.POPULATION (5+6) 100 100 100 Year: 1999/00 LABOUR FORCE CHARACTERSTICS
  • 9. RURAL SHARE (IN PERCENTAGE) MALE FEMALE TOTAL 1.EMPLOYED 53.1 29.9 41.9 2.UNEMPLOYED 0.9 0.3 0.6 3.LABOUR FORCE (1+2) 54 30.2 42.5 4.NOT COUNTED IN LABOUR FORCE 30.3 53.9 41.7 5.WORKING AGE POPULATION (3+4) 84.3 84.1 84.2 6.NON-WORKING AGE POPULATION 15.7 15.9 15.8 7.POPULATION (5+6) 100 100 100
  • 10.  No formal wage policy set by the government  Wages set by state governments as per some cost of living calculation and central government directives on minimum wages.  The Constitution of India (Article 41) laid down that the State shall make effective provision for securing these rights. o Article 41 Right to work, to education and to public assistance in cases of unemployment, old age, sickness and disablement o Article 42 Provision for just and humane conditions of work and maternity relief. The Indian Government took several steps in compliance of the constitutional requirements.  Indian Ministry of Labour set up from time to time Welfare Funds for five specific category of unorganised workers. These workers include Building and Other Construction Workers, Beedi workers, Cine workers and certain categories of non-coal mine workers REGULATORY SUPPORT
  • 11.  Methodological issues Monthly aggregation of data becomes difficult when frequent movement of family member or job. Direct and indirect wages and their sources . Data as mostly aggregates and guesses: no culture of systematic data compilation or calculation either in mind or paper: its an urbanized mind orientation  Sociological issues Illiteracy However, people open to questioning, receptive to methodologies and ideas. ISSUES RELATED TO INFORMAL SECTOR
  • 12. “ ” THEMAIN AIM BEHIND ESTABLISING THIS ORGANISATION IS TO FORM A BRIDGE BETWEEN THE VULNERABLES AND GOVERNMENT , TO ENSURE THAT THERE IS A PROPER FLOW OF FUNDS AND OTHER FACILITIES .THE BACKBONE OF THIS ORGANISATION IS PROVIDING A UNIQUE IDENTIFICATION TO THE VULNERABLES ,SO THAT THEY ARE TARGETED ACCURATELY.
  • 13.  N.O.V.I is a bridge between the vulnerables and the government .  The main aim of N.O.V.I is to protect the most vulnerable part of society i.e. informal sector workers. It works for the family rather than focusing on individual members.  N.O.V.I will target the informal sector workers accurately.  N.O.V.I will provide facilities(SLIDE NO. 17) to the informal sector workers .  N.O.V.I will work in coordination with government hospitals , government schools and government organisations which were established earlier for the social welfare of informal sector workers.  N.O.V.I will work under the MINISTRY OF LABOUR.  N.O.V.I will be funded by both central and state reserves.  N.O.V.I will come under RTI act for transparent working.  N.O.V.I will be headed by a prominent personality, selected by Honourable PRESIDENT OF INDIA. ABOUT N.O.V.I
  • 14. METHODOLOGY OF N.O.V.I REGISTRATION  PROMOTING THE N.O.V.I THROUGH PRINT AND ELECTRONIC MEDIA.  CAMPAINING WILL BE DONE AT THE ROOT LEVEL IN COORDINATION WITH THE PANCHAYAT .  THE REGISTRATION WILL BE DONE UNDER TWO CATEGORIES:  AT THE TIME OF REGISTRATION , THE REGISTERED CANDIDATE WILL BE PROVIDED A BANK ACCOUNT WITH ZERO CREDIT. 1. BELOW POVERTY LINE 2. ABOVE POVERTY LINE THE REGISTRATION WILL BE DONE BY USING LATEST TECHNOLOGY WHICH WILL REDUCE THE TIME OF REGISTRATION .
  • 15. MONITORING CENTRAL LEVEL STATE LEVEL DISTRICT LEVEL TEHSIL LEVEL
  • 16. FACILITIES A 70% MEDICAL SUBSIDIARY IN GOVERNMENT HOSPITALS. WOMEN WORKERS HAVING INFANTS WILL BE PROVIDED WITH ANGANBARI FACILITIY. FREE EDUCATION TO THE CHILDRENS OF INFORMAL SECTOR WORKERS UPTO SECONDARY LEVEL. A QUICK RESPONSE TO THEIR COMPLAINTS AGAINST EXPLOITATION . A DIFFERENT SECTION IN ALL GRAMIN BANK. WORKERS CAN ACCESS THEIR ACCOUNT FROM ANY PART OF INDIA. ALL COMPLAINTS WILL BE SOLVED BY N.O.V.I BY 24X7 TELEPHONIC FACILITY AS WELL AS PHYSICALLY WITHIN THREE DAYS. BANK WILL PROVIDE LOW INTEREST RATE IF THEY APPLY FOR LOAN.
  • 17. GOVERNMENT ROLE FOR N.O.V.I a) Government has to make a rule that those who don’t have this unique identification , will not be eligible for any kind of fund or policies made by the government. b) A rule which abide the contractors to hire only those workers which have this unique identification , not following this rule will face legal punishment. c) Government has to reserve 35% seats for B.P.L families,35% for those people who belong to the area where N.O.V.I is present at root level. d) Most important government has to work accordance with N.O.V.I data ,so that policies and funds are made accordingly. a) Integration of efforts between different levels of the government (de-centralised, intersectional).
  • 18. AFTER IMPLEMENTATION 1. Registering will help to count the accurate number of unorganised workers which till now is not available to the government of India. 1. All the workers are categorized in different sections(BPL & APL),so it will be easy for the goverment to implement any laws or bills for these unorganised sector workers. 3. The exact data provided to the government will help in deciding the accurate amount of fund to be spend on this sector hence balancing the Gross Domestic Product(G.D.P). 4. Over or under expenditure of funds will be avoided, and will be availed by those who really deserve it. 5. Exploitation of workers will be reduced to a great extent.
  • 19. 6. Quality of human resource will increase. 7. Break the inter-generational poverty status. 8. Direct transfer of income to the families . 9. Human capital is to be seen as a development tool. 10. Cash allows families to invest in themselves. 11. Education and health as long-term means AND MANY MORE……...
  • 20. HURDLES FOR N.O.V.I Lack of coordination between government and organization.  Other parts of society may try to avail the facilities by illegal methods. Since it is a multi-level process the misuse of funds and facilities may occur.