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  • 1. • MYSORE •90.85% household connected to conventional sewers •Collection efficiency of sewage network- 91% •Quality of sewage treatment-55% • DELHI • 59 effluent treatment plants • 10 incinerators • 4 Biomedical waste treatment facilities • 29 waste water treatment plants. • MUMBAI •88% commuter use public transport •1,56,566 taxi on road •146km operational metro from Oct.2013 •Monorail under construction. • CHANDIGARH • Research institutes- IMTECH, NIPER, CSO •Educational institutes- Punjab University • 2 national highways •5 Gov. Hospitals •Well maintained streets INFRA- STRUCTURE TRANSPORTATION SANITATIONPOLLUTION Imbibing ideal characteristics in our future city
  • 2. PROBLEMS • Unavailability and improper management of electricity. • Poor road network, especially maintenance. • Poor monitoring and supervision of government schemes. • India’s road network carries close to 70% of the country’s freight traffic and 85% of its passenger traffic • ƒTraffic on roads growing at 7-10% per annum SOLUTIONS • Formation of area wise committees including retired government officials which should conduct weekly street surveys to monitor and address any ordinance violation. • Usage of electric grid system, this will reduce power loss. • Use of non-recyclable plastic in construction of roads: • Almost 100% resistant to soaking water • Would prevent potholes • High durability and low maintenance cost • Planning the cities by assigning different belts for industries, residential areas etc. INFRASTRUCTURE “Expanding investment in infrastructure can play an important counter cyclical role. Projects and programmes [are] to be reviewed in the area of infrastructure development, including pure public private partnerships, to ensure that their implementation is expedited and does not suffer from [the] fund crunch.”- P.M. INDIA
  • 3. World class cities like New York and London have an extensive public transport system that besides reducing pressure on the city road network , makes them eco-friendly as well. TRANSPORTATION •Concentration of vehicles in selected metropolitans •Growing traffic and limited road space have reduced peak- hour speeds to 5-10 Km/h in the central areas of many major cities. •In most of the cities, two-wheelers and cars account for over 90% of the motorized vehicle population whereas the share of buses is negligible in comparison to personalized vehicles due to poor public transportation. CHALLENGES •Construction of by-pass roads to avoid in-city congestion due to alien traffic. •Ring roads around the city borders to reduce in-city traffic. •Allowing private firms to run their cabs and buses on the rates regulated by government like New York City. UPGRADATION REQUIRED
  • 4. CHALLENGES Indian cities including Pune, Mumbai, Nagpur and Ahmedabad, among others, also saw double-digit increases. Reports says that environmental degradation costs India $80 billion per year or 5.7% of its economy. 127 cities monitored under the National Air Quality Monitoring Program, only 3 have low air pollution. SOLUTIONS Introduction of electric- public vehicles Establish a recycling unit in every city ANAEROBIC DIGESTION PLANT • Bio-gas produced serves as enegry source. • On-site power production, reduced energy cost. • No toxic gas leakage Organic waste from recycling unit can be used for agricultural purpose . POLLUTION AND WASTE DISPOSAL
  • 5. CHALLENGES • Water logging on road • Traffic inconvenience. • Breeding grounds for mosquitoes causing epidemics. • 43.3% of urban city dwellers have no water source in homes. • Only 59.3% households are connected to piped sewage network. SOLUTIONS • Water collection Catch-Pits (covered with wire-mesh, to prevent choking by plastic materials and litter) at road sides connected to open/underground drains. • Rainwater harvesting plant in each house. • Green toilets( as proposed by RDO in Nilgiris) can be set up in public places. DRAINAGE AND SANITATION
  • 6. CLASS No. Of Families every 4 months Annual Donation LOWER 3,00,000 100x3,00,000=3,00,00,000 9,00,00,000 MIDDLE 6,00,000 500x6,00,000=30,00,00,000 90,00,00,000 UPPER 1,00,000 3,000x100000=30,00,00,000 90,00,00,000 TOTAL 200,00,00,000 (approx.) SOURCE: Survey(KANPUR) Designation Number Annual grant Total collection M.L.A. 6 2 cr.(approx.) 6x2,00,00,000= 12,00,00,000 M.P. 2 3 cr.(approx.) 2x3,00,00,000 = 6,00,00,000 Mayor 1 2.5 cr.(approx.) 2,50,00,000 TOTAL 20,00,00,000(APPROX.) This generated donation is especially to bring other cities as par to match the standard condition to be a mere good city
  • 7. COSTING FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF BASIC AMENITIES IN THE CITY INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT PROJECT DEVELOPMENT AREAS ESTIMATED EXPENDITURE ESTIMATED TIME FOR COMPLETION SMALL SCALE INDUSTRIES POWER AND OTHER SOURCES 70crore 2 years LARGE SCALE INDUSTRIES WIDENED ROADS 30crore 2.5 years TOTAL EXPENDITURE 100crore INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT PROJECT DEVELOPMENT AREAS ESTIMATED EXPENDITURE ESTIMATED TIME FOR COMPLETION ROADS AND TRAFFIC ROADS(repair) 16lacs x 200km = 32crore 2 years TRAFFIC LIGHT INSTALLMENT 40,000 x 20 junctions= 8lacs 6 months STREET LIGHT INSTALLMENT 10,000 x 500 street lights=50lacs 1 years BASIC FACILITIIES HEALTH 30crore 1.5 year EDUCATION 5crore 1 year POWER SUPPLY 20crore 3 year CLEANLINESS INSTALLMENT OF BINS 2,000bins x 1,000=20lacs 2 months RIVER CLEANLINESS PLAN 100 crore 4 years MAKING CAMPAIGNS 3crore Frequent OTHER EXPENDITURES LABOUR,FUEL ETC. 5crore TOTAL EXPENDITURE 200crore (approx) CALCULATIONS TOTAL REVENUE FOR 2years 400crore TOTAL EXPENDITURE 300crore SURPLUS 100crore
  • 8. SEPARATION OF WASTE AT INITIAL STAGE- -Reduce manual scavenging - Effective increase in recycling output SEPERATE RECYCLING UNITS- -Proper waste management - Efficient use of recycling products ECO-FRIENDLY ‘GREEN TOILETS’ -Durable and affordable - Better hygiene. RAINWATER HARVESTING PLANTS IN EVERY HOME- -Increases groundwater level -Meeting demands for drinking water BUILDING OF SOAK PITS- -Cheap and best way of handling water. USE OF PLASTICS FOR CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS- -100% resistant to soaking of water. -would prevent potholes -high durability and low maintenance cost.
  • 9. • Soak pits can overflow due to lack of proper care. • Use of plastics in constructing roads increases the cost by Rs. 2500 per tonne. • Attitude of people towards waste segregation. • People who are alloted houses can further put them for rent. • Lack of monitoring and supervision regarding implementation. MITIGATION • Municipal corporation must be made responsible for the same. • Volume of total mixture is increased, thus resulting in less overall bitumen content. • Proper briefing and awareness should be ensured. • Property papers should be entitled to the female member and should not be a transferable (for rent) property. • Area wise community (proposed) will handle the supervision. CHALLENGES AND MITIGATION
  • 10. 16,700 (each bin) + 2.18 crore (each truck) Additional cost of 2500 per tonne. 14-15,000 crore per year are allotted to JNNURM. The tenure of this scheme ends in 2014 march. Redirection of these funds to implement the proposed plan. 4,000-5,000 per plant
  • 11. National Rural Roads Development Agency Budget.gov.ie Reports of the working group on Urban Strategic Planning Urban Forests and Open Green Spaces : lessonns for Jaipur. Central Pollution Control Board Roads from Plastic Waste , Dr. S.S. Verma (IIT-DELHI) India’s urban awakening : building inclusive cities, sustaining economic growth. Smarter cities (IBM)