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  • 1. Walk to Equality: Ensuring safety and empowerment of women Team Name Nirbhaya 16 College Name Manohar Lal Maha Vidyalaya, Jajmau, Kanpur Team Details 1) ANURAG TIWARI - (, +918081878387) 2) SACHIN SRIVASTAVA- ( , 8604780836) 3) ANOOP SINGH - ( ,8791301896) 4) RAHUL RAI - (, 8687255560) 5) RAHUL KUMAR - ( ,7784061018)
  • 2. INTRODUCTION Women empowerment is the process to produce self-confidence in women at the basis of physical and mental. It refers to the ability of women to transform economic and social development. Nowadays this is a very burning topic all over in the world. For the welfare of women and empowerment for them everywhere awakening campaigns and organizations are coming forward. Over the past decade, gender equality and women's empowerment have been explicitly recognized as key not only to the health of nations, but also to social and economic development. India's National Population Policy 2000 has 'empowering women for health and nutrition' as one of its crosscutting strategic themes. Additionally, the promotion of gender equality and empowering of women is one of the eight Millennium Development Goals (MDG) to which India is a signatory. The pairing of the two concepts of women's empowerment and gender equality into one MDG implicitly recognizes that gender equality and women's empowerment are two sides of the same coin: progress toward gender equality requires women's empowerment and women's empowerment requires increases in gender equality as in this figure. The Constitution of India guarantees to all Indian women equality (Article 14), no discrimination by the State (Article 15(1)), equality of opportunity (Article 16), and equal pay for equal work (Article 39(d)). In addition, it allows special provisions to be made by the State in favour of women and children (Article 15(3)), renounces practices derogatory to
  • 3. the dignity of women (Article 51(A) (e)), and also allows for provisions to be made by the State for securing just and humane conditions of work and for maternity relief (Article 42). It is not possible for a bird to fly on only one wing said by Vivekananda. To run the world men and women both have to be the wing to fly. In order to measure gender equality and women's empowerment, the concepts need to be clearly defined and their hypothesized associations with each other and health outcomes discussed. Why this inequalities in our society? The reasons of these inequalities are following:- a) Illiteracy of people Our country India is agriculture prompt country. The ratio of people is more than the people who are living in the urban areas. The 65% of people are living in villages and still today 35 % (approx) of people are illiterate in our country. Because of this illiteracy the status of women is pitiable. In our country we worship girls as goddess Durga, Kali, Laxmi but on the other hand we disrespect these girls because people think that boys are only important for the society. People think that boys will take care of them in their declining so they announced their boys for the heir of their property and there is no part of the girls but the reality is that these boys throw out their parents in their declining. But what is the reason of this illiteracy why people of village are not literate why are not they get the education of morality why they do not have the manner of socialism because of the scarcity of the basic or primary education. The primary education is most important part of a human life. It teaches him the manner and respect to others. In the rural areas primary school; s are opened but there is no education in those school teachers are appointed to run the school but they do not do their duty honestly many of the teachers are not attend the school because they do not have the interest in teaching but they are interested when the salary transferred to their account. There are many surveys held on primary schools but the result of the survey is negative teachers are not present in schools, the building of schools are used to tie the cattle of village. That is the reason why the people of
  • 4. India are illiterate and they do not have the socialism manner and that is the reason girls got teased and some time they got abused. b) Gender inequalities A fundamental indicator of gender inequality in India, and arguably, one of the most powerful, is a preference for sons so strong that it is manifested as limiting the birth and survival of girls. The 2001 census data for India revealed a sharp decline in the sex ratio for the population age 0-6, from 945 females in 1991 to 927 females per 1,000 males. The trend in the sex ratio of the voider-seven population based on National Family Health Survey data for the period 1992-93 to 2005-06 also provides evidence of continued decline and shows that in 2005-06 the voider-seven sex ratio had fallen further to 915 females per 1,000 males .The decline over time in the voider-seven sex ratio can have one or more of mainly three possible causes: a decrease in the sex ratio at birth through the use of technologies that enable sex selection; an increase in the mortality of girl children compared with the mortality of boy children, suggesting intensification of the already documented discrimination against the girl child; or a systematic undercount of female children, compared with male children under the age of seven. Is this empowerment necessary in our society? Mostly people answered in affirmative because they know, the women are not safe. They are suppressing in our society. Since gender inequality and women's disempowerment occur in all the different domains in which women and men interact and function, both concepts are multi-dimensional; consequently, they give rise to a large number of potential indicators. Indicators of gender equality/inequality are typically designed to compare the status of women and men on particular characteristics of interest; whereas, by definition, indicators of empowerment/disempowerment end not to be relative. The reason of this, we are living in male dominating society.
  • 5. In our society people thinks that the boys continue their family. But they do not know if there are no women there will be no exist of family. Women play many role in her life ever as a daughter, as a sister, as a wife, as a mother, as a daughter-in-law. In our constitution woman has the same right of voting as a man they are participating in the social activities, now they are working in banks, MNC’s , hospitals, engineering institute and many other private and government sector. Nowadays they are also surfing our INDIAN ARMED FORCES. Many of the I.A.S. officers are women and now they are taking part in government; but the other side they get raped; killed and burnt for the dowry. Even now over some places in India their parents force them to get married in their childhood. Their parents do not allow them to go school or for the higher education the status of women are not good in our society. They are not safe and they need empowerment. Here is the data of crimes happened against women in last 5 years. CRIME AGAINST WOMEN IN INDIA LAST 5 YEARS: SI No. Crime Head Year % variation in 2010 over 2009 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 1. Rape (Sec. 376IPC) 19348 20737 21467 21397 22172 3.6 2. Kidnapping & Abduction (Sec. 363 to373 IPC) 17414 20416 22939 25741 29795 15.7 3. Dowry Death (Sec. 302/304 IPC) 7618 8093 8172 8383 8391 0.1 4. Torture (Sec. 498-A IPC) 63128 75930 81344 89546 94041 5.0
  • 6. 5. Molestation (Sec. 354 IPC) 36617 38734 40413 38711 40613 4.9 6 Sexual Harassment (Sec.509 IPC) 9966 10950 12214 11009 9961 -9.5 7. Importation of Girls (Sec. 509 IPC) 67 61 67 48 36 -25.0 8. Sati Prevention Act, 1987 0 0 1 0 0 - 9. Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act, 1956 4541 3568 2659 2474 2499 1.0 10 Indecent Representation of Women (Prohibition) Act, 1986 1562 1200 1025 845 895 5.9 11. Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961 4504 5623 5555 5650 5182 -8.3 TOTAL 164765 185312 195856 203804 213585 4.8 National crime records bureau If we look at total number of cases, it shows that cases are only increasing. But on the other hand we find that cases of Sati Prevention Act – 0 and Dowry Prohibition Act, Importation of Girls and Sexual Harassment cases are decreasing. By this data we can easily see that what is happening? And what our government are promising to us. Plan made by Government Our government made these plans for welfare of women – Janani surakhsha yojna, jyoti yojna, balika samridhi yojna, kishori shakti yojna.
  • 7. Women’s Reservation Bill Women’s Reservation Bill has been a political raw nerve for nearly a decade now. It has always triggered heated debates in parliament and outside. To proposed legislation to 33.3% seats in parliament, state legislatures, and panchayat for women, was drafted by H D DEV GOWDA. It is introduced in loksabha 12 September 1996. Various political parties opposed it because they fear many of their male leaders won’t get chance to fight election. From day one, Lalu Prasad(rashtriya janta dal) and Mulayam singh yadav(samajwadi party) have been the main political forces to opposed the bill. Political pundits, sociologist, political scientists, feminists and historians and almost everybody has said that if the bill comes an act, it will be the biggest socio-political news since independence. What should do welfare for women empowerment? If we want to welfare for women empowerment and develop our country, here basic need is that develop the mentality of the person. It means that first and most important thing is to provide well knowledge among the children. As there is a proverb “As you shall you reap” .If we will not provide them good moral education, they will learn bad activities. Nowadays era is developing by leaps and bounds. So we will have to developed our mentality, we have to come across to the world and we have to take a pledge regarding safety and empowerment of women. People always ready to blame girls dressing. But boys parent teach them good moral. In THE DAMINI CASE for her, many students reached at Delhi and they raised their voice against that brutal crime, did by those 6 men. This quotation was highlighted by the girl’s students. “Don’t tell us what to wear, tell your son not to rape”. But our government didn’t want to hear those students who were present at India gate.
  • 8. Instead of listen them, government ordered that to through water on those student. Here are some views over the issue - a) IMPROVE PRIMARY EDUCATION SYSTEM As we know if the base of any building is not strong then there is no mean outer beauty as well as if a man does not have the manner of socialism, behaving manner then its total waste then whatever he is. The moral quality is the basic infrastructure of a good human and it teaches only in primary education. So improving the primary education we have to tell the benefits of education to illiterate people we have to do the stage performances in backward areas to tell them the benefits of education. There are many education programs are run by Indian government but why we do not have the good result because corruption interrupt the conduction of this program. Government pass a large amount for primary education but the large part of this amount is devoured by the mediator and a small part is provided for primary education system. To stop the corruption of mediator everyone has to awake against this corruption. Through stage performance and social gathering we have to tell the rights to village people. There are some important rights for primary education which are followings:- 1) There is education available at free of cost for the children whom are the age of 6 to 14 years. 2) There are books and bags available at free of cost. 3) The dress is also available at free of cost. The points which are given above are some important basic rights for primary class children. b) IMPROVE THE POLICE ADMINISTRATION SYSTEM Police is the Guardian of society but now these days this system is looking fail in safety of women. The culprits are not got arrested after a long time of accident and they make continue their crime. This is the failure of our police department. They are not awaking; they are interested in taking bribes and
  • 9. do the duty of powerful and corrupted leaders. In the market places the girls get teased by the vagabond, our police do not take any serious action what is this? Is our police department helpless? Why these accidents happen? To stop the arbitrary of vagabonds’ police should post their constables in the market places, in the dreary way, on every traffic signals and such others public places. They should not neglect a slight teasing and punish those vagabonds strictly. Police should create a good relationship with public with this public can trust on police department. CONCLUSION Government has to create the rules and these rules should be implementing in mega cities very quick, cause most of the cases are happening in cities. Today women are creating history and then to our government is not implementing rules for women empowerment. Women in India now participate fully in areas such as education, sports, politics, media, art and culture, service sectors, science and technology, etc. Indira Gandhi who served as prime minister of India for an aggregate period of fifteen years is the world's longest serving woman Prime Minister. Kalpna chawla, was an astronaut. They proved themselves. The development of rural areas and the broadening of freedom enjoyed by communities are key to women's empowerment. Equally, it is necessary to adopt temporary special measures that would accelerate equality between the genders: such as Affirmative Action programs. The modification of social and cultural patterns in order to achieve the elimination of prejudices and practices is against women ought to be undertaken. The specific areas investigated included son preference, education, age at marriage, spousal age differentials, employment, female household headship, women's access to resources, gender relations in the household, women's participation in decision making, and spousal violence. In general, the report finds that gender inequality is persistent in every domain examined, and women are disempowered both absolutely and relative to men.
  • 10. Our system has to get some changes in our constitution. Cause we also know that “Behind every successful men, there is a hand of women”. If we promote women empowerment, we will see the best work of them. *****