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NavBharat-Sculptors Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Feed the Future Reducing Malnutrition in the country
  • 2. The Problem-Studies and Facts • The main contributing factors for under-nutrition are household food insecurity and insufficient knowledge of proper care and infant feeding practices. • Recent analyses reaffirm evidence that when women are involved in household decisions and have control over earnings, their children are better nourished. • Malnutrition in children is more prevalent amongst rural children, scheduled castes and tribes, and amongst children with illiterate mothers. • Malnutrition amongst women is one of the prime causes for low birth weight babies and poor growth. Low birth weight is a significant contributor to infant mortality. • In order to attain a fully healthy, well-nourished, and productive population, it is important to improve access to nutritious and diverse foods
  • 3. The Present schemes-Failures • Mid-day Meals:  Requirement of infrastructure like kitchen and storage to each and every school in the country.  Responsibility of daily goods like vegetables left to schools , making it to difficult to maintain the system with in budget due to market conditions  Total responsibility of running the system on school staff causes 1.Extra burden 2.means of leakage and enrolment of non-existing students  Failure in hygiene standards due to poor storage and unscrupulous cooks  Weak checks and untrained supervisors • Anganwadi  Lack of motivation in anganwadis  Leakage of funds at the front row workers  Beneficiaries unaware of their entitlements  Parents do not consider their children malnutritioned as there is no acute problem of hunger The challenge for all these programmes and schemes is how to increase efficiency, impact and coverage.
  • 4. The Solution • Formation of Women Co-operatives to increase the access of food to the poor and rural areas • Women groups will be trained to cultivate variety of vegetables and fruits locally on small scale • Educated on the importance and various aspects of nutrition • Making women part in eliminating malnutrition Centralised Mid-day meals • Arrangement of a special body for MDM headed at the district level • Establishment of Mid day meal centers for a group of schools • Reducing the need of infrastructure • Making the system relatively more self-sustainable • Increased ease of monitoring • Improved efficiency and standards Women Co-operative Groups
  • 5. Women Co-operative Groups In rural and urban slum areas women from low- income groups will be formed into Co- operative groups These Co-operatives will be provided small land in their areas to cultivate different types of vegetables and fruits on a small scale In urban slums and areas in which land is not available, container(pot) cultivation is encouraged These co-operatives will be cultivating them on a scale just higher than the home kitchens The product would be distributed among themselves and excess can be marketed. The Excess can be marketed through the Co- operative in the same area at prescribed prices making it available to other poor families. Women Co-operative Groups
  • 6. Merits Food Access • Fresh and cheap local food will be available to most of the poor families • Would be helpful to increase the diversity of food Empowerment • Would result in increase in income of the women in rural areas • Will lead to social and economical empowerment of women Training • These women can be trained on cooking nutritious meals with the available resources • Can be imparted knowledge about the child care and nutritional requirement
  • 7. Women Co-operative Groups • As the cultivation is for earning their own nutritious food and income, the system can be highly effective and efficient. • As these women are also the mothers , educating them on the importance of nutrition and various nutritional and child care practices, would effectively eliminate malnutrition in all those families. • These Co-operatives can also be made to work as the replacement of anganwadis as they will be more motivated. • This target group would be the focus for convergence of other services like family welfare, education, childcare, safe drinking water, sanitation and shelter to improve the welfare and quality of life of the family and the community. • The provisions from government would only include a small area of land and saplings and in urban areas cheap containers(pots) and nutrients for plants. • The system is self-reliant and self-sustainable with in very low budgets achieving simultaneously nutritious diverse food access, awareness of mothers and women ultimately leading to reduced nutrition and women empowerment for greater good of society.
  • 8. Consolidated Mid-day meals A certain number of schools are grouped together on the basis of either the number of students( about 1000-2000) or 10-15 schools in a locality( Major-Panchayat level or Mandal level) Food for the group of schools will be cooked at one of the largest school in the group which is termed as Centralized Mid-Day Meal Centre. The meals will be distributed to all the schools through suitable means of transportation. The schools should be grouped keeping the transportation facilities in mind This will work as a part of a special body headed at the district level. Also, each centre will be monitored under the local panchayat and local revenue department Facilities will be provided to make the centre self-sustainable. A standard set of recepies to made nutritious meals from the available resources.
  • 9. Consolidated Mid-day meals Main aim of the Centralized Mid-Meal Centre is to make the system effective by making it self-sustain and independent from market fluctuations Mid-Day Meal Centre will be provided with facilities to cook for the group which include:  Large hygiene kitchen  Storage facilities for imperishable goods like rice, pulses etc, procured from the FCI  Sufficient land is allotted to the centre where daily goods like vegetables, fruits etc., can be cultivated by the local group of women  Poultry is maintained at the District Head quarters to provide poultry products  Transportation facilities to distribute food to each school  These kitchens and transportation can be set up in urban areas with the help of NGOs and other large local donators Merits:  Quality and hygiene of food can be maintained  Infrastructure burden will be less (as only one kitchen for 10-15 schools)  Leakages can be eliminated by efficient monitoring
  • 10. Pregnants and infants  The pregnants can register in the local health care centers or panchayats.  Nutritional supplements especially iron supplements and milk powder pockets for pregnants and mothers of infants can be supplied through these mid day meal centers in the nearest primary school.  Supplements for children of age 2-5 will also be provided in the same schools.  This would increase the bond between the children and the school.  The pregnants can be provided vegetables especially leafy vegetables through the Women Co-operatives to help eradicate anemia Monitoring:  For the success of all the mentioned schemes, effective monitoring is the key factor.  Beneficiaries should be made aware of their entitlements and complaint registration system should be easily accessible to them  External agents can be involved to effectively monitor these systems  Local youth bodies, mahila samits and NGOs’ help can be taken to receive feed back from all the beneficiaries and amend the policies as per the results
  • 11. References • AN EVALUATION OF MID DAY MEAL SCHEME Satish Y. Deodhar*, Sweta Mahandiratta, K.V. Ramani, and Dileep Mavalankar And Sandip Ghosh, and Vincent Braganza • Economic growth, hunger and malnutrition Income growth and changes in food consumption • Under-nutrition - a challenge for India-Report by UNICEF • India- Under nutritioned children report by World Bank • Helping India Combat Persistently High Rates of Malnutrition- World Bank • Development Of Women And Children In Rural Areas (DWCRA) • Malnutrition- Articles For India