“Malnutrition is a major health problem in India involving
under nutrition and over nutrition that are caused by imbalanced
consumption of nutrients.”
Scope of the problem:
Despite an impressive economic performance, with the gross domestic product (GDP)
rising 8.4 per cent in 2005-06 and 9.2 per cent in 2006-07,30 nutrition indicators
still reveal an unacceptable situation – contributing to India’s poor rank of 128
among 177 countries on the Human Development Index in 2007. The lack of
progress over the past decade and the current high levels of malnutrition have led to
India being recognised as having, perhaps, the worst malnutrition problem in the
The data reveal an unacceptable prevalence of malnutrition in our children:
• 42.5 per cent of our children under the age of five years are underweight (low weight
• 48 per cent of our children are stunted (low height for age)
• 19.8 per cent of our children are wasted (low weight for height)
Determinants of Malnutrition:
Economic: Poor purchasing power, poverty,
livelihood insecurity, major inequities in
asset distribution and control.
Environmental: Lack of safe drinking water,
poor sanitation, poor hygiene practices.
Figure: India, child weight-for-age and height-for-
age, by age.
Health: Weak health service systems, inadequate
human resources, especially in public health
nutrition, weak health
and nutrition educational systems.
Cultural: Inadequate knowledge of nutrition,
cultural beliefs and practices that lead to
poor nutrition e.g.,
pregnancy or sickness),
cultural shifts to prefer
less micronutrient rich
workload for women,
available for infant and
young child feeding and
Bringing the multi faceted programme “The Mid Day Meal Scheme”
into practice that seeks to address issues of food security.
We will bring the incessant checking of the irregularity in serving meals in schools.
Caste based discrimination in serving food will be ceased.
Nutritional impact of dry rations
are likely to be lower when
compared to a cooked meal.
We will implant the need of
providing cooked food to children
among the running institutions.
To ensure that knowledge, research,
education/training and public
assessment systems strengthen the
capacities of the organisations to
participate in policy formulation and
decision-making about food distribution
Implementation of “Hungry to be heard” Campaign
We will execute campaigns to tackle the scandal of people becoming
malnourished while in hospital.
Ensure that hospital staff follow their own professional codes and guidance
from other bodies.
We will introduce ‘protected mealtimes’
We will implement a ‘red tray’ system and ensure that it works in practice.
We will undertake thematic and comprehensive reviews to get an accurate
picture of hospital mealtimes.
We will introduce compulsory monitory to tackle issues regarding the
number of patients going into hospitals and coming out of them
“Adulterated food is impure, unsafe and wholesome food”
Extent of the issue :
The Centre for Science and Environment(CSE) recently discovered our branded
edible oils are full of unhealthy trans fats.
Trans fats are associated with a host of problems ranging from diabetes to heart
disease to cancer.
Consumption of fruit(ripened using carbide) can cause diarrhoea, mouth ulcers,
dizziness and even cancer in the long run.
10 per cent milk samples across the country did not carry standards. Most Indians
are consuming detergents and other contamination through milk due to lack of
hygiene in handling milk.
The Punjab Department of Health and Family Welfare seized 2,000 litres of
synthetic milk in Patiala.
Proposition: Putting an end to adulteration
by broad array of enforcement tools
Sizing and condemning of the
We will ensure detaining of
Ensure regular sampling and
We will bring conventional
methods of farming to practice.
We will have a regular check on
the sale of synthetic and
adulterated milk and various dairy
% of Bad Milk Samples
% of Bad
“Access to territories and natural wealth and associated agrarian
and aquatic reforms”
The notion of territory involves the
political, economic, environmental,
cultural and social rights of food
producing communities in rural areas.
Territories are essential for diverse and
sustainable food production and to
reinforce local markets, build capacities to
support safe and decent jobs, and create
the conditions for the full implementation
of food sovereignty.
For the majority of local food
providing communities, natural wealth
means much more than ‘‘productive
or natural resource’’.
Proposals for policies :
Ensure Genuine agrarian and aquatic reforms that can
put an end to the massive, forced exodus from the
countryside to the city, which forces cities to grow at
unsustainable rates and under inhumane conditions.
Establish a strategy where in small-scale food
providers should be fully and genuinely involved in
formulating policies related to agriculture,
fisheries, forests, water, and the environment
Recognise that pastoralism is essential for food
sovereignty and that pastoralists need to be mobile in
order to survive.
Reverse and prevent the privatisation of fisheries
resources, such as through individual transferable
quotas (ITQs) and similar systems that promote private
and market-friendly property rights.
a n d diversification a s
We will look upon the
in high yielding rice
varieties by support
and acceleration of the
We will incorporate
as a quality parameter
in the Super Rice(new
Ensure inclusion of
energy density and
(e.g., satiety) as quality
released rice varieties
in future breeding
vegetables and fruits
in view of important
deficient nutrients in
the diet, such as
vitamin A, vitamin C,
iron and calcium.
Vitamin A deficiency has
been recognized as a
nutritional problem in
India. Severe stages of
vitamin A deficiency cause
eye damage, leading to
night blindness and
ultimately to blindness.
Milder stages of vitamin A
deficiency cause impaired
immune response and
increased morbidity and
mortality among children
and pregnant women.
FAO stresses that nutrition education is a key for developing the skills and motivation needed
to eat well, and is especially important in situations where families have limited resources.
Encourage pre-natal nutrition education to prevent
mother raising her children with poor eating habits,
and without balanced, healthy meals.
Improve the performance of primary care providers,
teachers and counsellors to address the nutritional
needs of adolescent girls, through improved training,
communications materials, job aids, motivation and
We insure teaching people how to grow crops and
harvest them. We will also implement in teaching
things that will help them get jobs for which they can
earn money and help themselves
To encourage classroom learning linked with practical
action, backed up by improvements in the school
environment and family and community
• Howarth Bouis, IFPRI, “Effects on Nutrition of For-Profit Vegetable
• Policies and actions to eradicate hunger and malnutrition by a Drafting
• A Leadership Agenda for Action
• Report of child nutrition survey of India
• Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution, Government
of India, New Delhi, ‘The National Food Security Bill, 2011 (Bill No.132 of
• Social Views of Food Adulteration and Its Legal Provision
• Food and Agriculture Organisation: Helping to build a world without