MechRiders
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MechRiders Presentation Transcript

  • 1. “Nourish to Flourish” A National Shame - Malnutrition in India TEAM MEMBERS - SHAURY MAHESHWARI SUVESH CHANDRA NIKHIL KHANDELWAL AKHIL GUPTA TUSHAR VERMA
  • 2. The World Bank estimates that India is one of the highest ranking countries in the world for the number of children suffering from malnutrition. The prevalence of underweight children in India is among the highest in the world, and is nearly double that of Sub-Saharan. ABSTRACT Malnutrition refers to the situation where there is an unbalanced diet in which some nutrients are in excess, lacking or wrong proportion. After 66 years of Independence there's hunger and surely malnutrition
  • 3. Despite India's 50% increase in GDP since 1991,more than one third of the world's malnourished children live in India. Among these, half of them under 3 are underweight and a third of wealthiest children are over-nutriented. Under-nutrition is more prevalent in rural areas, again mainly due to low socio-economic status. Anemia for both men and women is only slightly higher in rural areas than in urban areas.
  • 4. In India 59 per cent of pregnant women are anemic, in Nepal 75 per cent and in Sri Lanka 30 per cent. Astonishing truths… Since 1991 GDP has more than doubled, while malnutrition has decreased by only a few percentage points. According to the report of the National Commission for enterprises in the unorganized sector(NCEUS) about 77% of India’s population continues to live on less than Rs20 per capita per diem on average.
  • 5. As per ‘The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2012’, India remains home to the largest number of undernourished people in the world: 217 million (17.5% of its population) as of 2012. The Global Hunger Index (GHI) 2010 ranks India at 67 out of 122 countries; whereas the ‘2012 Global Hunger Index’ (IFPRI) ranks it at 65 among 79 countries.
  • 6. CAUSES Inadequate or Unbalanced diet Problem with digestion or absorption Social and gender injustice and inequalities Inefficient and Ineffective implementation of government’s schemes Poverty Problem with digestion or absorption Status of women Improper and unsafe infant feeding practices The main causes of the largest number of hungry people in India despite considerable stocks of food grains available are
  • 7. EFFECTS • In pregnant women, under nutrition increases the chances of dying due to pregnancy complications and of delivering an underweight baby. • Children who are born underweight are at risk of suffering from acute infectious diseases The result is a vicious cycle in which succeeding generations of poor people are vulnerable to death, disease, cognitive impairment, reduced productivity due to under nutrition, and continuing poverty
  • 8. REMEDIES Proper Education of Housewives Regular Medical Check up Healthy Environment Proper Infant feeding practices
  • 9. Government measures to overcome hunger and malnutrition include National Food Security Mission, National Nutrition Mission, National Policy On Farmers, National Horticulture Mission, National Mission on Pulses and Oilseeds, National Rural Livelihoods Mission Ensuring balanced diet to mother as well as child
  • 10. Resources • HUNGAMA, New Delhi, ‘Fighting Hunger and Malnutrition – Survey Report 2011’ • Report of the National Commission for Enterprises in the Unorganised sector (NCEUS), headed by Arjun Sengupta, Government of India, New Delhi (2009). • Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India, New Delhi, ‘Agricultural Census. • Several other sources/references used/tapped, but not listed herein