Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Marathon
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×

Saving this for later?

Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime - even offline.

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
364
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
1
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Providing Clean Drinking & Proper Sanitation Facility To All To View Cleaner India Citizens For Accountable Governance Proudly Presents “MANTHAN”
  • 2. Representing From Balaji Institute of Engineering & sciences Warangal,Andhra Pradesh [ Affiliated To JNTU, Hyderabad,A.P] Team Name : - Marathon…. Team Co-ordinator – Bala Subramaniyan P Team Members : - Sandeep K Anvesh B Vijay Kumar M Md Taif Abdul Ali
  • 3. NOW POINTING TOWARDS Drinking Water:- • Each person needs 20-50 liters of safe freshwater a day for drinking, cooking and cleaning. • More than one in six people worldwide - 894 million - don't have access to this amount of safe freshwater. • 1.1 billion people have no access to any type of improved drinking source of water. • By 2025, 800 million people will experience absolute water scarcity, and two-thirds of the world population could be under stress conditions.
  • 4. Is There Really A Water Crisis? Over 1 billion people lack access to safe water 2 out of 3 people will be living with water shortages by 2025 Half of the world's wetlands have been lost since 1900. The basis for most projections for future conflicts is that with the growth of demand, the decline in freshwater availability , and the adverse health effects from poor water quality, scarcity will result in violence and water wars. YES!
  • 5. The Indian situation :- Groundwater is the major source of water in our country with 85% of the population dependent. Groundwater water table decline - 33 centimeters per year.
  • 6. TheIndiansituation :- India has 16 % of the world’s population and 4% of its fresh water resources. India receives abundant rains compared to other water scared countries but… Water availability(Rank): Weighted average: 14.0 thousand cubic metres # 1 Iceland: 294.34 thousand cubic.mts # 47 USA: 7.09 thousand cms # 68 UK: 3.1 thousand cms # 89 China: 1.72 thousand cms # 93 India: 1.56 thousand cubic metres # 141 Botswana -7.46 thousand cubic.mts Severe water stress: Weighted average: 25.5 % #1 Israel: 100 % # 23 India: 80.2 % # 36 China: 44.7 % # 42 United States: 31.3 % # 51 United Kingdom:21 %
  • 7. • Indian government is too focused on economic growth, instead of facilitating in basic human needs. • Poor water Management system. • Biofuel threatens India water supply. • Package Water Industries are encouraged. The Indian situation The Indian Government Surface water Consumption: • 89% - Agricultural • 2% - Industrial • 9% - Domestic.
  • 8. Challenges ? H o w [Problem]
  • 9. Challenges Government • Inefficient Government – State construction • Lack of integrated water management • Inadequate enforcement of environment legislation relating to water • Insufficient facilities for waste water treatment • Insufficient local technological research on water • India’s rivers carry 90% of the water during the period from June to November, but only 10% is available during the other six months. • Biofuel threatens India’s water supply. • 161 of out of approximately 600 districts in India have been declared drought. • At least 45% of India's land area is degraded. • 90% of the sewage generated by municipal councils and over 50% of sewage discharged by municipal corporations goes untreated
  • 10. Signs of hope…[Solution]
  • 11. Solution Solutions to water problems require the consideration of cultural, educational, communication and scientific aspects. Plant Trees Avoid Pollution Conserve water Technologies and Innovations Water Purification Systems Seawater desalination Water Footprint
  • 12. Solution • Rain Water Harvesting • Irrigation Water Management • Hydrological projects - Construction of Dams • Artificial Recharge to Ground Water through Dug well National River Linking Project… Solutions to water problems require the consideration of cultural, educational, communication and scientific aspects. Plant Trees Avoid Pollution Conserve water Technologies and Innovations Water Purification Systems Seawater desalination Water Footprint
  • 13. sAvE wAtEr... SaVe WoRlD….
  • 14. SITUATION ANALYSIS OF INDIAN SANITATION Permanent underground drainage, though it needs heavy investment, is cost-effective as it eliminates major part of filth disease burden and avoids recurring expenditure. Improper disposal of solid wastes & liquid wastes (Open or no drainage system at all). Huge expenditure on control programs for filth disease control.
  • 15. Consequences :- Waterborne diseases due to contamination of drinking water Poliomyelitis Infective hepatitis Cholera & diarrheas Typhoid fever By Drinking .. CHOLERA (CASES - 2873, DEATHS - 2) (2003) INFECTIVE DIARRHEAS ROTAVIRUS - 15 TO 25% E. COLI - 10 TO 20% Cases - 329499 Deaths - 672 (1995) TYPHOID PATIENT
  • 16. >> FAITH VERSUS DISEASE POLLUTED RIVERS << >POLLUTING NATURAL RESOURCES AND SUFFERING FROM DISEASE. >ENCOURAGING WATER BUSINESS >SELLING DUPLICATE MINERAL WATER MARKETTING WITHOUT QUALITY MARK
  • 17. -EATING FROM ROADSIDE FAST FOOD ESTABLISHMENTS HAS BECOME AN ORDER OF THE DAY . -MOST COMMON PICTURE IN COSMOPOLITAN AND GROWING CITIES . -HURRIEDLY EATING TO ATTEND OFFICES . -PLENTY OF DUST ON EATABLES. -NO HAND WASHING BY SERVERS. -THE SEWAGE RIGHT NEXT TO THE EATING PLACE WITH FLIES ON FOOD IS THE USUAL PICTURE. URBAN INDIA -NEW DELHI –THE CAPITAL OF INDIA – A FREQUENT VICTIM FOR CHOLERA EPIDEMICS - AN INDICATOR OFF BAD SANITATION. -MOST OF THE INDIAN CITIES ARE HOSTING ALL THE MAJOR COMMUNICABLE FILTH DISEASES. -EVERY INDIAN CITY IS SURROUNDE BY HUNDREADS OF URBAN SLUMS, THE ABODES OF POOR SANITATION.
  • 18. APPARENT INTERVENTIONS -___- CREATEING HEALTH AWARENESS. 3 SAFES: SAFE WATER, SAFE FOOD AND SAFE ENVIRONMENT TO PREVENT FECO-ORAL TRANSMISSION.  SANITARY BARRIER . SANITARY LATRINES.  SANITARY LAND FILLING. SOAKAGE PITS.. ENCOURAGING HANDWASHING PRACTICE. COMMUNITY LATRINES. ABOLISHING PUBLIC DEFECATION & URINATION AND SPITTING. Monday,January11,2010 TSC-SomeexperiencesinPanipat 3
  • 19. Finally… COMING TOGETHER IS BEGINNING… WORKING TOGETHER IS PROGRESS… REACHING TOGETHER IS SUCCESS ! Feeling Proud To be a Part Of CAG…Towards Developing The Country.. Thanking Each & Every One for Giving this Valuable Step.. Specially To My CO….