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    MANTHON MANTHON Presentation Transcript

    • IMPROVING THE QUALITY OF PRIMARY HEALTH CARE
    • INTRODUCTION What is primary health care? • Primary health care is nothing but providing basic health care to the each and every citizens. • At the presence scenario, the primary health care center are better in urban areas than the rural areas. • To overcome this situation we suggest some ideas…….
    • DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION There are three stages in demographic transition: High birth rate , High death rate High birth rate , Low death rate Low birth rate , Low death rate At the earlier days ,the scenario was like stage1.
    • DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION Then after 30 – 40 years ,there was a dramatic change in the medical field and the scenario was like stage 2. Around 1961 ,family planning scheme was implemented which made a reduction in population . These are applicable only in urban areas than in rural areas.  In rural areas ,the situation is still in the stage1.
    • AIM OF THE PRIMARY HEALTH CARE Primary health care shifts the emphasis of health care to the people themselves and their needs, reinforcing and strengthening their own capacity to shape their lives.  As a philosophy, primary health care is based on the overlap of mutuality, social justice and equality. Primary health care maximizes the involvement of the community.
    • AIM OF THE PRIMARY HEALTH CARE It includes all relevant sectors but avoids duplication of services; and uses only health technologies that are accessible, acceptable, affordable and appropriate.  Primary health care needs to be delivered close to the people; thus, should rely on maximum
    • ESSENTIAL COMPONENTS 1. education for the identification and prevention / control of prevailing health challenges 2. proper food supplies and nutrition; adequate supply of safe water and basic sanitation 3. maternal and child care, including family planning 4. immunization against the major infectious diseases
    • ESSENTIAL COMPONENTS  5. prevention and control of locally endemic diseases  6. appropriate treatment of common diseases using appropriate technology  7. promotion of mental, emotional and spiritual health  8. provision of essential drugs (WHO & UNICEF, 1978).
    • NECESSITY OF HEALTH CARE CENTERS
    • OUR IMPLEMENTATION  Recently our government has made mandatory for the doctors to work in rural areas for two years after their completion of course.  That will be a better idea ,if we have a few more constraints . CONSTRAINTS: Each and every peoples in the particular rural area has to report about the doctors and his services during the course of 2 years. If there is only positive comments , he can start his own clinics and work for any private hospitals that he desires. If not so ,he should work for another 1 year.