Manthan Topic: Towards cleaner India
Team Coordinator:Shubham Sharma
1. Archit Joshi
2. Sourabh Mittal
3. Ankit Avasthi
4. Kumar Nishant
Providing cleaner drinking water and
proper sanitation facilities to all.
India: Country WITH worst
• India has around 81.4 crore
people without safe sanitation.
• Over 50% of India or 63.8 crore
people defecate in the open, as
against 7% in Bangladesh.
• 9.7 crore people in the country
lack access to safe drinking
• Water-borne diseases have been
claiming the lives of about 15
lakh children annually.
Water:21st century poison
• Inadequate sanitation and lack
of clean drinking water cause
• Indians among the people with
worst health and immunity.
• Poor health acts as a deterrent
to economic capabilities and
• Lack of sanitation breeds
Lack of safe drinking
Water fetched from far
off places in many
Water borne diseases
very common due to
lack of sanitation.
Women face danger
when travelling long
distances for water.
Women and children
bear the task of carrying
water over long
distances in this
Measures of improved water and
Improved Drinking water
• Piped water into dwelling,
plot or yard
• Public tap/stand pipe
• Tube well/borehole
• Protected dug well
• Protected spring
• Rainwater collection
Unimproved drinking water
• Unprotected dug well
• Unprotected spring
• Cart with small tank/drum
• Tanker truck
• Surface water (river, dam,
lake, pond, stream, canal,
• irrigation channel)
• Bottled water
• Flush or pour-flush to:
• - piped sewer system
• - septic tank
• - pit latrine
• Ventilated improved pit
• Pit latrine with slab
• Composting toilet
1. Availability of water treatment processes in villages and smaller cities at very
2. Proper construction and maintenance of public toilets.
3. Location and isolation of water borne diseases.
1. Providing funding for research and development of more portable, efficient and
low cost water treatment system.
2. Construction of an elite professional team:Engineers,Doctors,Scientists in each
zone(zone may consist 3-4 neighboring villages)for quarterly examination of
3. Teachers employed in local schools be trained to teach people about necessities
of clean drinking water and proper sanitation techniques.
4. Complete water management authority provided to state government.
1. Assured supply of clean drinking water with very less delivery challenges.
2. Creation of elite team would ensure enormous job opportunities for concerned
3. Elimination of fragmentation between state and central authorities would
ensure fast implementation of schemes.
Restructuring of water management
system as proposed solution
• Most of the people unaware about basic sanitation practices.
• Train teachers in each zone who in turn would impart basic sanitation
practices to people.
• Regular awareness campaigns to ensure practice of proper sanitation.
• These trained teachers can constitute a board to monitor the
availability and cleanliness of water in their respective zones with
different zones coordinating with each other.
Creating an elite team of
• Minimum Qualification: Graduate fresher
• Number: Approximately 4 per zone.
• Minimum Qualifications:MBBS
• Number: Approximately 2 per zone.
• Minimum Qualification: Degree related to water
treatment and sanitation.
• Number: Minimum 2 per zone.
AdvantagesProposed solution Implementation
Water treatment Maintains of public toilet Water borne diseases
• Water treatment at villages have
to be at low cost.
• Proper maintains of water
treatment plants carried out on
• One have to improve the way in
which we collect and store water
so as to avoid contamination
while collection, storage and use.
• Half of India's homes have
cellphones, but not toilets.
• Construction of number of toilets
will be on the basis of the
number of people live in that
zone or area.
• Workers or cleaners will be paid
on the basis of work.
• Every zone provided a head office
or head to look over all this
• Water is life’s mater and matrix,
mother and medium. There is no
life without water.
• Water borne diseases are caused
due unclean and unsafe water.
• Common water diseases like:
malaria, diarrhea , typhoid fever
• Drinking filtered water is must.
Check the water before supply it.
an hypothetical village of our
Before the implementation of the
A village of India, was facing the
problem of lack of drinking water and
of sanitation facilities. The villagers
were tired of all this because they had
to travel miles for the safe drinking
water. For the sanitation they used the
open grounds which affected their own
environment. Due to all this(drinking
dirty water and sanitation problems)
they caught many diseases. They were
suffering a lot and lived their life in
very pathetic and unhygienic
After the implementation of the
After implementation, the villagers’ life
becomes much better or say excellent. They
don’t have to travel long for safe drinking
water as govt. provides them sufficient and
clean amount of water which was the main
cause of water borne diseases. Govt. made the
public toilets, so they don’t have to use open
places for that and are provided better
facilities for drinking water and
sanitation(placement of engineers for
maintains of the fresh water plant to check
chemical balance and ingredients of water) .
And the main benefit is that some of the
people of that village got jobs in their own
village which reduced the poverty % of that
village which is very sensitive issue in our
“Toward cleaner India”
Current state of sanitation and
drinking water in India
• India is even defeating the rest of the world in
facing the sanitation problem.
• In India, there are 814 people on one toilet which
is very big problem itself.
• Horrible situation of public
toilets in India. These toilets
are not usual, they are
problems to itself.
• In India sanitation problem has
increased up to 10% in 10 years.
Development and sanitation
1. There is a theory that links development with
2. Third world countries have poorest sanitation
facilities and they are least developed. This sure
presents some correlation between development
3. Unhygienic living conditions breed diseases and
reduce working capability and efficiency of man
4. Unclean surroundings have also a negative impact
on psychology of people such as depression and
5. Investment in sanitation and clean water facilities
will also ensure development in the long run.
6. India should adopt the model of western countries
in the matter of sanitation to achieve a better
status in the modern world.
Journal of Water and Health (IWA Publishing)
World Health Organization and UNICEF. Progress on Drinking Water
and Sanitation: Special Focus on Sanitation.
Poor Sanitation Threatens Public Health. US Fed News Service,
Including US State News. 2008
WHO and UNICEF types of improved drinking-water source on the
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