Manthan Topic: Towards cleaner India
Team Details:
Team Coordinator:Shubham Sharma
Team members:
1. Archit Joshi
2. Sourab...
India: Country WITH worst
sanitation FACILITIES.
• India has around 81.4 crore
people without safe sanitation.
• Over 50% ...
Water:21st century poison
• Inadequate sanitation and lack
of clean drinking water cause
poor health.
• Indians among the ...
Measures of improved water and
sanitation facilities
Improved Drinking water
sources
• Piped water into dwelling,
plot or ...
Proposed Solution
1. Availability of water treatment processes in villages and smaller cities at very
low cost.
2. Proper ...
Creating Awareness
• Most of the people unaware about basic sanitation practices.
• Train teachers in each zone who in tur...
Creating an elite team of
professionals
Engineers
• Minimum Qualification: Graduate fresher
• Number: Approximately 4 per ...
AdvantagesProposed solution Implementation
Water treatment Maintains of public toilet Water borne diseases
• Water treatme...
an hypothetical village of our
dream
Before the implementation of the
solutions:
A village of India, was facing the
proble...
Current state of sanitation and
drinking water in India
• India is even defeating the rest of the world in
facing the sani...
Development and sanitation
1. There is a theory that links development with
sanitation.
2. Third world countries have poor...
References
www.water.org
Journal of Water and Health (IWA Publishing)
www.traveldoctor.co.uk
 World Health Organizatio...
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Lightbearers

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Lightbearers

  1. 1. Manthan Topic: Towards cleaner India Team Details: Team Coordinator:Shubham Sharma Team members: 1. Archit Joshi 2. Sourabh Mittal 3. Ankit Avasthi 4. Kumar Nishant Providing cleaner drinking water and proper sanitation facilities to all.
  2. 2. India: Country WITH worst sanitation FACILITIES. • India has around 81.4 crore people without safe sanitation. • Over 50% of India or 63.8 crore people defecate in the open, as against 7% in Bangladesh. • 9.7 crore people in the country lack access to safe drinking water. • Water-borne diseases have been claiming the lives of about 15 lakh children annually.
  3. 3. Water:21st century poison • Inadequate sanitation and lack of clean drinking water cause poor health. • Indians among the people with worst health and immunity. • Poor health acts as a deterrent to economic capabilities and living status. • Lack of sanitation breeds numerous diseases. Lack of safe drinking water Water fetched from far off places in many villages. Water borne diseases very common due to lack of sanitation. Women face danger when travelling long distances for water. Women and children bear the task of carrying water over long distances in this patriarchal society.
  4. 4. Measures of improved water and sanitation facilities Improved Drinking water sources • Piped water into dwelling, plot or yard • Public tap/stand pipe • Tube well/borehole • Protected dug well • Protected spring • Rainwater collection Unimproved drinking water sources • Unprotected dug well • Unprotected spring • Cart with small tank/drum • Tanker truck • Surface water (river, dam, lake, pond, stream, canal, • irrigation channel) • Bottled water Improved sanitation facilities • Flush or pour-flush to: • - piped sewer system • - septic tank • - pit latrine • Ventilated improved pit latrine • Pit latrine with slab • Composting toilet
  5. 5. Proposed Solution 1. Availability of water treatment processes in villages and smaller cities at very low cost. 2. Proper construction and maintenance of public toilets. 3. Location and isolation of water borne diseases. 1. Providing funding for research and development of more portable, efficient and low cost water treatment system. 2. Construction of an elite professional team:Engineers,Doctors,Scientists in each zone(zone may consist 3-4 neighboring villages)for quarterly examination of water facilities. 3. Teachers employed in local schools be trained to teach people about necessities of clean drinking water and proper sanitation techniques. 4. Complete water management authority provided to state government. 1. Assured supply of clean drinking water with very less delivery challenges. 2. Creation of elite team would ensure enormous job opportunities for concerned professionals. 3. Elimination of fragmentation between state and central authorities would ensure fast implementation of schemes. Restructuring of water management system as proposed solution
  6. 6. Creating Awareness • Most of the people unaware about basic sanitation practices. • Train teachers in each zone who in turn would impart basic sanitation practices to people. • Regular awareness campaigns to ensure practice of proper sanitation. • These trained teachers can constitute a board to monitor the availability and cleanliness of water in their respective zones with different zones coordinating with each other.
  7. 7. Creating an elite team of professionals Engineers • Minimum Qualification: Graduate fresher • Number: Approximately 4 per zone. Doctors • Minimum Qualifications:MBBS • Number: Approximately 2 per zone. Trainers • Minimum Qualification: Degree related to water treatment and sanitation. • Number: Minimum 2 per zone.
  8. 8. AdvantagesProposed solution Implementation Water treatment Maintains of public toilet Water borne diseases • Water treatment at villages have to be at low cost. • Proper maintains of water treatment plants carried out on quarterly basis. • One have to improve the way in which we collect and store water so as to avoid contamination while collection, storage and use. • Half of India's homes have cellphones, but not toilets. • Construction of number of toilets will be on the basis of the number of people live in that zone or area. • Workers or cleaners will be paid on the basis of work. • Every zone provided a head office or head to look over all this • Water is life’s mater and matrix, mother and medium. There is no life without water. • Water borne diseases are caused due unclean and unsafe water. • Common water diseases like: malaria, diarrhea , typhoid fever etc. • Drinking filtered water is must. Check the water before supply it.
  9. 9. an hypothetical village of our dream Before the implementation of the solutions: A village of India, was facing the problem of lack of drinking water and of sanitation facilities. The villagers were tired of all this because they had to travel miles for the safe drinking water. For the sanitation they used the open grounds which affected their own environment. Due to all this(drinking dirty water and sanitation problems) they caught many diseases. They were suffering a lot and lived their life in very pathetic and unhygienic conditions. After the implementation of the solutions: After implementation, the villagers’ life becomes much better or say excellent. They don’t have to travel long for safe drinking water as govt. provides them sufficient and clean amount of water which was the main cause of water borne diseases. Govt. made the public toilets, so they don’t have to use open places for that and are provided better facilities for drinking water and sanitation(placement of engineers for maintains of the fresh water plant to check chemical balance and ingredients of water) . And the main benefit is that some of the people of that village got jobs in their own village which reduced the poverty % of that village which is very sensitive issue in our country.  “Toward cleaner India”
  10. 10. Current state of sanitation and drinking water in India • India is even defeating the rest of the world in facing the sanitation problem. • In India, there are 814 people on one toilet which is very big problem itself. • Horrible situation of public toilets in India. These toilets are not usual, they are problems to itself. • In India sanitation problem has increased up to 10% in 10 years.
  11. 11. Development and sanitation 1. There is a theory that links development with sanitation. 2. Third world countries have poorest sanitation facilities and they are least developed. This sure presents some correlation between development and sanitation. 3. Unhygienic living conditions breed diseases and reduce working capability and efficiency of man force. 4. Unclean surroundings have also a negative impact on psychology of people such as depression and reduced productivity. 5. Investment in sanitation and clean water facilities will also ensure development in the long run. 6. India should adopt the model of western countries in the matter of sanitation to achieve a better status in the modern world.
  12. 12. References www.water.org Journal of Water and Health (IWA Publishing) www.traveldoctor.co.uk  World Health Organization and UNICEF. Progress on Drinking Water and Sanitation: Special Focus on Sanitation. Poor Sanitation Threatens Public Health. US Fed News Service, Including US State News. 2008 WHO and UNICEF types of improved drinking-water source on the JMP website
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