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  1. 1. STEPPING STONES :STEPPING STONES : Enhancing the quality of PRIMARY EDUCATION An Idea To Improve Primary Education. Presented By :- Vikas Garg (Team - Coordinator) Aman Bansal (Team member) Gopal Sharma (Team member) Amit Chimpa (Team member) Gagan Kathuria (Team member) PPIMT ,HISAR.
  2. 2. The potential to Transform Society in a single Generation. Share by level of Total PublicShare by level of Total Public Expenditure on Education Everyone has the right to be heard and the responsibility to listen. Students are given guidelines/ expectations for positive behavior, according to the local discipline/referral policy of the school. Communication regarding students is documented. The administrator should always be kept informed. Year Primary Secondary Tertiary 1950-51 48 25 20 1960-61 42 27 22 1970-71 43 28 28 1980-81 41 29 29 1990-91 46 32 13 2000-01 49 30 15 In a collaborative relationship :
  3. 3. Quality is at the heart of teaching attendance, retention, and completion. Multiple and contested meanings. Two faces of quality – learning to achieve (cognitive developmen t) and learning to live (values, attitudes, citizenship. Current focus on cognitive learning outcomes to the detriment of non- cognitive outcomes. Advance form of education
  4. 4. Why Focus on Quality? Need to increase the effectiveness of education and training systems. Need to reduce the observed inequalities among various categories of the population. Growing diversity and complexity of societies: Migration, Urbanization, Cultural globalization, and Greater access to expanding sources and channels of transmission of information, knowledge and values. Need to Focus on Quality. Quality Assurance Whole School Evaluation National Assessment Standard Setting And Service Delivery Evaluations Development Structural Representation.
  5. 5. Insufficient Attention to Quality Graphs shows Worldwide relationship in primary education.
  6. 6. Advantages of Quality EducationAdvantages of Quality Education An effective means to fight poverty. Empowers individuals. Prepares people to embrace and adapt to change but also to manage and influence it. Build democrac ies, and foster peaceful societies. A human right and public good. Is an indispens able element for achieving sustainab le develop ment. Long life learning.
  7. 7. Examination Procedure Exams: Trends • Are most developed component across all countries. • Have shown marked improvement over the last decade. Examinations systems: Internal Examinations: Most teachers limited capacity and skills for: Developing high quality instruments that areDeveloping high quality instruments that are fair to all learners. Unreliable or invalid instruments provideUnreliable or invalid instruments provide inaccurate information . Learners who may need additional assistanceLearners who may need additional assistance may be overlooked . External examinations : External exams are conducted by bodies outside the school to certify completion of a specific phase of education . Range of agencies responsible for external exams .
  8. 8. International Commitments on Education Expanding early childhood care and education. Free and compulsory primary education for all. Learning & life skills for young people and adults. Increase adult literacy. Eliminating gender disparities and achieving gender equality. Improving all aspects of the quality of education. Millennium Development Goals: Achieve universal primary education. Promote gender equality and empower Teacher. EFA Dakar Goals: This is a permanent challenge in the region that shall continue beyond 20152015
  9. 9. Goal Remains a Challenge 1. Undeniable progress toward expanding access to education 2. It has not been met by comparable progress in improving education quality, which affect, to a large extent, the most vulnerable individuals and groups. Challenges to Face in FUTURE. Understanding of EducationUnderstanding of Education Quality Learning to know. Learning to do. Learning to live together. Learning to be.
  10. 10. Solutions should be Must Ensure that Education for All (EFA) remains a priority on the global agenda. Support countries’ efforts to meet the six EFA goals by 2015, with a specific emphasis on equity. • Sustainable development. • Inclusion. • Social cohesion and social justice. • Life-long learning. • Higher education and research. Act beyond this :
  11. 11. Do not readily find solutions for Students: Identify even the simplest tasks as a problem for them to solve . Young children often get upset if they do not immediately have a chair to sit in , can not find the crayon they want , or accidently rip the paper they are working on. Critical Thinking in the Elementary Classroom : Problems and Solutions Solutions should be proposed • Try to provide a wide variety of materials and tools and give very broad instructions. Encourage Creativity: • Because so much critical thinking at this age is done aloud for the student’s brain improvement. Always seek opportunities for brainstorming : Compare and Contrast anything and everything : This will help to a student to look closely at details and to think about the purpose and significance of each one.
  12. 12. Thank You ALL References :- i Teach for India. (2012). India’s Education Crisis. Retrieved from http://www.teachforindia.org/about- us/india-education-crisis ii ASER. (2012). Annual Status of Education Report, 2012. Retrieved from http://www.pratham.org/file/ASER-2012report.pdf iii Kumar, Pramod G. (2013, Jan 22). Why the State of India’s Primary Education is Shocking? First Post. Retrieved from http://www.firstpost.com/india/why-the-state-of-indias-primary-education-is- shocking-598011.html iv ASER. (2012). Annual Status of Education Report, 2012. Retrieved from http://www.pratham.org/file/ASER-2012report.pdf v Index Mundi. (2013). India demographics profile. Retrieved from http://www.indexmundi.com/india/demographics_profile.html vi Financial Express. (2012, May 12). Education’s Primary Problems. Retrieved from http://www.financialexpress.com/news/education-s-primary-problems/948273/2 Vii Balasubramanian, Sriram (2013, May 27). Primary Education in India needs a fix. Forbes India. Retrieved from http://forbesindia.com/article/briefing/primary-education-in-india-needs-a- fix/35287/1 viii Financial Express. (2013, July 23). Education’s primary problems. Retrieved from http://www.financialexpress.com/news/education-s-primary-problems/948273/1