STEPPING STONES :STEPPING STONES :
Enhancing the quality of
An Idea To Improve Primary Education.
Presented By :-
Vikas Garg (Team - Coordinator)
Aman Bansal (Team member)
Gopal Sharma (Team member)
Amit Chimpa (Team member)
Gagan Kathuria (Team member)
The potential to Transform Society in a single Generation.
Share by level of Total PublicShare by level of Total Public
Expenditure on Education
Everyone has the right to be heard and the
responsibility to listen.
Students are given guidelines/ expectations
for positive behavior, according to the local
discipline/referral policy of the school.
Communication regarding students is
The administrator should always be kept
Year Primary Secondary Tertiary
1950-51 48 25 20
1960-61 42 27 22
1970-71 43 28 28
1980-81 41 29 29
1990-91 46 32 13
2000-01 49 30 15
In a collaborative relationship :
Quality is at
the heart of
Two faces of
Advance form of education
Why Focus on Quality?
Need to increase the
effectiveness of education and
Need to reduce the observed
inequalities among various
categories of the population.
Growing diversity and complexity of
Cultural globalization, and
Greater access to expanding sources
and channels of transmission of
information, knowledge and values.
Need to Focus on Quality.
Insufficient Attention to Quality
Advantages of Quality EducationAdvantages of Quality Education
• Are most developed component across all countries.
• Have shown marked improvement over the last decade.
Most teachers limited capacity and skills for:
Developing high quality instruments that areDeveloping high quality instruments that are
fair to all learners.
Unreliable or invalid instruments provideUnreliable or invalid instruments provide
inaccurate information .
Learners who may need additional assistanceLearners who may need additional assistance
may be overlooked .
External exams are
conducted by bodies
outside the school to
certify completion of
a specific phase of
Range of agencies
external exams .
International Commitments on Education
Free and compulsory
primary education for all.
Learning & life skills for
young people and adults.
Eliminating gender disparities and
achieving gender equality.
Improving all aspects of the quality
Millennium Development Goals:
EFA Dakar Goals:
Goal Remains a Challenge
1. Undeniable progress toward expanding access to
2. It has not been met by comparable progress in
improving education quality, which affect, to a large
extent, the most vulnerable individuals and groups.
Challenges to Face in FUTURE.
Understanding of EducationUnderstanding of Education
Solutions should be Must
Ensure that Education for All
(EFA) remains a priority on the
Support countries’ efforts to meet
the six EFA goals by 2015, with a
specific emphasis on equity.
• Sustainable development.
• Social cohesion and social justice.
• Life-long learning.
• Higher education and research.
Act beyond this :
Do not readily find solutions
Identify even the simplest tasks as a
problem for them to solve .
Young children often get upset if they do
not immediately have a chair to sit in ,
can not find the crayon they want , or
accidently rip the paper they are working
Critical Thinking in the Elementary Classroom :
Problems and Solutions
Solutions should be proposed
• Try to provide a wide variety of
materials and tools and give
very broad instructions.
• Because so much critical
thinking at this age is done
aloud for the student’s brain
This will help to a student to
look closely at details and to
think about the purpose and
significance of each one.
Thank You ALL
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Vii Balasubramanian, Sriram (2013, May 27). Primary Education in India needs a fix. Forbes India.
Retrieved from http://forbesindia.com/article/briefing/primary-education-in-india-needs-a-
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