Published on

Published in: News & Politics, Technology
1 Like
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide


  1. 1. Introducing electoral reforms To reduce the influence of money and muscles power in politics FAIRNESS AT PLAY: Team Details: 1.Smriti (Co-ordinator) 2.Seema Kumari 3.Kaushal Kumar Sinha 4.Vidushi Taneja 5.Abhilasha
  2. 2. “An election is a moral horror, as bad as battle except for the blood; a mud bath for every soul concerned in it.” -George Bernard Shaw  India is a constitutional democracy with a parliamentary system of government, and at the heart of the system is a commitment to hold regular free and fair elections.  These elections determine the composition of the government, the membership of the two houses of Parliament, the state and union territory legislative assemblies, and the Presidency and vice-presidency. Major Problems: Bribing of poor citizens, who are vulnerable to the temptation of easy money and vague promises, and threatening them with muscle power by the politicians for votes. The dominant role played by money and muscle power in the elections has diminished the opportunity for a capable man with honest intentions and little resources to contest elections. The use of money power and muscle power in elections are the direct consequence of corruption in government machinery. The Election Commission can play a positive role but it has it’s own limitations, since it depends upon the government machinery to conduct elections, which are under the control of many dishonest politicians. A total number of 38,99,48,330 people voted out of total electorate size of 67,14,87,930
  3. 3. SOLUTIONS: Negative Votes & e-voting Fair Elections President Rule 3 month before Elections Control And Monitoring of Budget allotted to parties Criteria for Candidates Not from criminal Background More than 3 blood relatives should not contest Training and recruitment programs “Elections are held to delude the populace into believing that they are participating in Government”
  4. 4. 1.NEGATIVE VOTES & e-VOTING: Permit online voting: Election Commission should also consider out of box ideas like online elections for allowing voters to vote online. This would not only ensure greater participation of migrants and youths but would also ensure fearless voting , especially in terrorist dominated and violence prone areas. Introduce finger print electronic voting: Election Commission should introduce finger print based electronic voting machines, which would count a vote to be legal only when the finger print of the person matches with the one in the database. This would completely eliminate bogus voting. This would not be as difficult as it is thought now, considering the growth of information technology. Introduction of negative voting option on EVM: There should be a provision enabling the voter to reject all the candidates in the consistituency if he/she does not find them suitable. This rule is similar to rule 49’o’ in the Conduct of Elections Rules, 1961 of India. 49’o’:-the right of a voter to go to a polling booth and state on record that he or she does not wish to vote for any of the candidates listed. Infact if the '49-O' votes more than those of the winning candidate, then that poll will be cancelled and will have to be re-polled. This will result in reduction in muscle power.
  5. 5. 2.FAIR ELECTION:  Scrap MP/MLA constituency fund The MP and MLA constituency fund should be scrapped forthwith, as there is lot of evidence of this being used for corrupt practices and generation of black money which is used during elections. Impose President’s rule three months before the Vidhan Sabha elections The President’s rule should be imposed before the general elections should be accepted and implemented to ensure fair elections, even if it would require an amendment to the constitution. Ensuring that the politicians would not be in power at the time of conducting the general elections would go a long way in conducting fair elections in the country. Stop bribing poor section of society: Bribes from political parties to voters, in the form of cash, goods, or services, are a regular feature of elections in India. Strict actions should be taken found indulged in it. Setting up fast track courts for election disputes Fast track courts should be set up during elections for resolving issues at state and central level. They should have the power to ban the criminals and dishonest people from contesting the elections.
  6. 6. 0 2,00,00,00,000 4,00,00,00,000 6,00,00,00,000 8,00,00,00,000 10,00,00,00,000 12,00,00,00,000 14,00,00,00,000 1952 1957 1962 1967 1971 1977 1980 1984 1989 1991 1996 1998 1999 2004 Expenditure Expenditure The expenditure estimation for an election estimated as Rs 5 per voter as election expenditure, for 600 million voters, and calculation of all the expenses in a general election estimated around Rs 2,000 crores. Then there is the period between elections. This requires around Rs 250 crores. Then there are state elections and local elections. All told, the system has to generate around Rs 5,000 crores. Still above Rs1500 crores is spent on campaigning and this figure is ever increasing. EC should monitor the expenditure. Control of expenditure during elections:
  7. 7. 3.CRITERIA FOR CANDIDATES: Conduct knowledge test for candidates While educational qualifications need not be insisted for the candidates contesting elections, still a minimum qualification intermediate should be mandatory . Thus, ignorant people who have only money power and muscle power do not enter the fray and win elections. As Election Commission have tenure of six years, they should prepare the written paper for the candidates appearing for elections . This will also give path to youth to enter in politics. Curb family interests To curb vested family interests which often result in money power and muscle power, more than three blood relatives(from the same family) should not be allowed to contest from the same party.
  8. 8. IMPLEMENTATION: Negative Votes/e-voting Online voting Finger Print Electronic Voting Negative vote As ATM cards so would be On-Vo Cards with unique „Bar Codes‟.  People having would be given either this On-Vo card or Voter ID card on their Choice. They just have to ENTER the barcodes and password online to the site maintained by Election Commission of India. One cannot opt for both Voter ID as well as On-Vo card. There wont be an „NO EXTRA BUDGET‟ required for this purpose. Instead of EVM, Finger print electronic voting machine could be introduced. Specially for the critical areas where chances of bogus voting are high. Introduction of a choice of negative Vote on the EVM machine. As we have icons for different political parties on the EVM machine . Similarly, a negative vote icon should be introduced in every EVM. This will require „NO SPECIAL BUDGET‟. The officials appointed at booths for conduction of voting in region must convey the „CONCEPT OF NEGATIVE VOTE‟ to the people.
  9. 9. Control of expenditure during elections Setting up fast track courts for election disputes Stop Bribing Poor Section of society Expenditure by the candidates must be limited to Rs.15,00,000 for Lok Sabha Elections and Rs.6,00,000 for Vidhan Sabha Elections A proper record of the expenditure done by the candidates must be audited by the ECI Those found spending extra should be punished by deducting the amount spend extra from their fund for the next elections Promotional campaigning should start not before 15 days from the elections  Judges of Fast Track Court should be specially appointed for specific period of election.  The verdict of court should immediately be followed. A strict action should be taken against politicians and their supporters for bribing common people. Those found guilty should be debarred from contesting current elections. If the guilt is proved after election is conducted , then the respective candidate should be debarred from the forth coming election and suspended from the current position. Fair Election:
  10. 10. Conduct knowledge test for candidates Curb family interests Knowledge Written Test for those interested youths should be prepared by election commission. Training of selected candidates for 1-1.5 months should be conducted by an „EXPERIENCED COMMITTEE‟. Recruitment of Experienced Committee for each state(avg. of 5 members) should be as followed: Retired Army officer and retired civil services employees(collectors, DMs, IPS, IAS) having no criminal records should be recruited based on their interest in it. People having clean political background retired from politics(having atleast 5 years of experienced) can also be a part this committee. As being a part of this committee is a matter of privilege than source of income, therefore for each state is funded From a family only at most 3 blood relatives should be given tickets to contest for elections from the same party. Democracy is not like family Business. So, if son/daughter or any relative of a politician holding an eminent post, wishes to contest election he/she must appear for exams and training procedure too. 5*5 lakhs pa=25 lakhs Criteria for Candidates:
  11. 11. Points to be thought upon: YES NO YOUTH SURVEY A result of a survey on youths based on questions asked below: 1. As today’s youth would you like to join politics and why? 2.Should the scheme of negative votes be accepted and implemented by the government? 3.Can the number of voters casting votes be increased by introducing e-voting? 4.Does the criminal background of leaders affects your choice? Average percentage of voting still below 60. Diversities in different Political Parties in India: **candidates must contest elections on the basis of character, on the basis of money and muscle power.**
  12. 12. Challenges and Risks: Implementation of President’s rule may create chaos. Online voting site should be checked against hacking. Replacing EVM by Finger print electronic Voting is a tough as well as lengthy task. It requires a large budget. In a large democratic country like India, fast track verdict is less practical due to political influences. While a large portion of Indian population is poor and uneducated therefore imparting knowledge to them about new electoral reforms would be a difficult task.  Poverty restricts bribery and greed provided by electing candidates. The idea of Conduction of written examination for new candidates may suffer opposition from many politicians. References: Website of Election Commission of India. Essay on money and muscle power by Megha Shankar. Articles from ‘The Hindu’. Ncert books on Political science.