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  1. 1. Deepender Singla, Trader Prabhat Kumar, Farmer Sai Krishna, CA Setu Saxena, Engineer Sreshtha Mullick, Writer Increasing Agricultural Productivity Krishidhan
  2. 2. • Low Risk appetite among farmers • 80% of farmers are characterised by fragmented land holding pattern • Restricted access to Finance • Agriculture perceived and practised as a ‘Hereditary Tradition’ rather than a profitable profession • Lack of transparency and accountability in the use of agricultural inputs • Labour crisis – seasonal unemployment and labour migration Issues being addressed
  3. 3. Problems /Issues Low Risk Appetite Fragmented Land Holdings Restricted access to Finance Lack of Transparenc y & Accountabili ty Traditional/ Unscientific Practice of Agriculture Labour Crisis
  4. 4. Structure of KSK- 7 Member Governing Body 1) Elected/Nominated through Gram Panchayat 2) 5 members to be small/marginalised farmers Appointed on following terms 1) Salary Rs. 2000 pm 2) 3 year Tenure 3) Caveat/Mandate of doubling agricultural output(compared to current output) in 3 years, Failing which action will be taken Employ 1-2 Krishi Sevaks Pay scale Rs. 8000- 10000 pm Functions : Liaison/advise/data management Use of pre-existing infrastructure like Consumer service Centres (CSCs)/ Post Offices (Pos)/ Gram Panchayats (GPs)/Producer Companies/ NGOs/Farmers’ Club Solution Establishment of Krishi Sewa Kendras (KSK) across villages of India
  5. 5. • Procurement & Distribution of agricultural inputs with Quality Checks to be routed through KSK • Mass Ploughing, Harvesting and allied Land Treatments of agricultural lands at no cost to farmers • Creation of Model Agricultural fields to showcase increased productivity due to new/scientific methods– Farmers in the governing body to use government owned fallow lands to employ scientific methods of agriculture and employ technical assistance of Agricultural universities/ scientists • Use of inputs from farmers and developing a two way flow of information Functions of the KSK
  6. 6. KSK Agricultural Universities Farmers NGOs/Pv t. Players Government Land for Experiment Farmer Feedback Technical Knowledge and Assistance Feedback Data Produce Agricultural Inputs Seed Capital Manpower Land Feedback Grassroots Innovation Produce Market News Agricultural Inputs Technical Assistance Machinery/Technology [ITES] Awareness Publicity Capacity building Infrastructure Infrastructure Crop Information
  7. 7. • Use KSK as a pilot model for 3 years by which time we aim to include all farmers into KSK • Integrate animal husbandry and other forms to green economy systems (like zero wastage system, generation of bio gas, electricity etc) into KSK • Leverage technology through the use of internet, IVRS, SMS, Web Apps etc. • Partner and Promote scheme through Government agencies, Private players, NGOs etc Solution – stage ll
  8. 8. Land/Soil condition/budge t/details of last 2 years crops Farmer + KSK Passes advise to KSK + Farmers via online system and IVRS Central Server Farmers + KSK Meteorol ogical Departm ent FCI/CII/Pl anning Commissi on
  9. 9. Cost-Benefit Analysis Benefits in a year in rupees (considering rice production) Costs in a year in rupees Income from production on Fallow Land 84000 Establishment Costs Computing Devices 70000 Savings on Agriculture Inputs including Govt. Subsisdy Furniture 10000 Seeds +Fertilizers+Pesticide 700000 Misc 5000 Machinery 150000 Total 85000 Sale of agri data +Savings from wastage of storage 150000 Administrative Costs Income from zero waste system ie Bio- gas, slurry etc. - Stipend to farmers 168000 Salary of staffs 240000 Misc 10000 Total 418000 Cost of outsourcing/Contracting Machines for one crop Tractors for ploughing 100000 Transplanter 100000 Harvestor 100000 Misc 100000 Total 400000 So, Grand Total 903000So, Total Saving+Income 1084000 In three years – 1. KSK profit will reach 1 Million rupees. 2.Farmers income will be doubled and input cost will be reduced by 50%. Here, we have assumed 1.Village is producer of rice and has 1000 acre of land . Village has also 7 acre of fallow land, which will be taken care by KSK. 2. Government provides subsidy of at-least 30% on agricultural inputs like fertilizer, seeds and machinery. 3.Average production of rice/acre=10 quintal 4. Minimum Support price of rice=1200 rupees
  10. 10. • Integrating KSK it into the existing framework and infrastructure for agricultural advisory services in the villages • Bringing all the stakeholders and shareholders of Agriculture eco-system on same platform • Data Management • Convincing and securing cooperation of farmers to enroll with KSK Challenges
  11. 11. • Food Security concerns are addressed through the use of reliable, accurate, real time data which can be used by government to plan production, distribution and storage • Accountability and Transparency is fixed in the system • Possibility of Sustainable and Adapted Agricultural Modelling based on information available in the database • Water & Energy Conservation and Development of Green Economy • Increment in Income and reduction in agricultural expenditure of Farmers • Promotion of Grassroots Innovation & Farmer Education Impact